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Article

Sofia Hernández Chong Cuy

American installation artists, active also in Puerto Rico. Jennifer Allora (b Philadelphia, Mar 20, 1974) graduated with a bachelor’s degree in art from the University of Richmond, Virginia (1996), and Guillermo Calzadilla (b Havana, Cuba, Jan 10, 1971) graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts from the Escuela de Artes Plastica in San Juan, Puerto Rico (1996). Allora and Calzadilla met in Italy in 1995 during a study abroad program in Florence. They then lived together in San Juan for a year before moving to New York City where they started working collaboratively while each participated in different residency and study programs. In 1998–1999, Allora participated in the year-long Whitney Independent Study Program, while Calzadilla participated in the P.S.1 Contemporary Arts Center National Studio Program.

Allora & Calzadilla’s first important international exhibition was the XXIV Bienal de São Paulo in 1998 curated by Paulo Herkenhoff, which investigated the idea of cultural cannibalism known in Brazilian literature as ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1945, in Paris.

Painter, installation artist, intervention artist, performance artist, photographer. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art, Land Art, Body Art.

The beginnings of Borgeaud's work, as it was to develop subsequently, can be dated from 1969, the year of the exhibition event ...

Article

real name Charles Rogers Grooms

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1 June 1937, in Nashville (Tennessee).

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, performance artist, environmental artist, installation artist, filmmaker.

Neo-Dadaism, Pop Art.

Born Charles Rogers Grooms, the red-headed Red Grooms studied at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (1955), the New School for Social Research in New York (1956), and under Hans Hofmann in Provincetown, Massachusetts (1957). He was one of the first performance artists amongst others such as Allan Kaprow, Claes Oldenburg, Jim Dine, and Robert Whitman. Grooms introduced his ‘happenings’ in New York City as early as 1957, the most famous being The Burning Building at the Delancey Street Museum. Grooms’ style of performance art, non-verbal yet with its theatrical narrative flow and comedic elements, quickly transferred into filmmaking, and he produced Shoot the Moon (1962), after A Trip to the Moon by Georges Méliès....

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Born 1915, in Wielopole; died 1990, in Cracow.

Happenings artist, environmental artist, collage artist, painter (gouache), draughtsman.

Conceptual Art.

Cracow Group.

Tadeusz Kantor lived and worked in Cracow. He received his first artistic training at the academy of fine arts in Cracow until 1939. In 1947, in association with artists who had taken part in the underground theatre activities he had organised during the German occupation of Poland, he founded the ...

Article

Danish, 20th century, male.

Active also in Germany.

Born 1 September 1938, in Copenhagen.

Painter (oils, watercolours), sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, performance artist, environmental artist. Landscapes.

Neo-Impressionism.

Fluxus, Nouveaux Fauves.

Per Kirkeby received a doctorate in geology and has participated in several scientific expeditions to Greenland, Central America, Central Asia, and Ireland. In the 1960s, he was a member of the experimental art school in Copenhagen, which was close to the Fluxus group, and, in 1978, was made professor at the fine arts academy in Karlsruhe. He has lived and worked in Copenhagen, on Læsø island (north Jutland), and in Karlsruhe.

Kirkeby’s modes of expression are eclectic: he is a painter, sculptor, and draughtsman, but also a poet and maker of prints, environments, models, films, and documentaries. At the beginning of his career, he was inspired by Surrealism and Pop Art, calling himself a ‘superrealist’. He subsequently produced collages based on a spontaneous form of associationism, which incorporated dried vegetable elements and were sometimes arranged in letter shapes. Later, he became involved in the Fluxus group and took part in performances with Joseph Beuys in Copenhagen, with Immendorf in Aachen, and with Nam June Paik in New York. He also mounted exhibitions that brought together various objects he had gathered during his travels. Nothing remains of his work from this period....

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 23 February 1921, in Zambesi River, near Victoria Falls, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe); died 1 January 2006.

Painter, assemblage artist, environmental artist, performance artist.

Conceptual Art.

John Latham trained at Chelsea School of Art in London from 1946 to 1950. His aesthetic approach considers painting as an instantaneous experience, indissociable from our perception of the real world - hence his interest in the industrial landscape. His works incorporate real objects, notably books, as seen in his celebrated ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 6 November 1944, in Glasgow.

Performance artist, painter, sculptor, installation artist, printmaker, ceramicist.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

Bruce McLean studied at Glasgow School of Art (1961-1963), and at St Martins School of Art in London (1963-1966) under Anthony Caro, Phillip King and William Tucker. He has taught at the Croydon School of Art (...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active also active in the USA.

Born 29 April 1939, in Wattenscheid.

Sculptor, installation artist, action artist, draughtsman, video artist, painter.

Body Art, Land Art.

Klaus Rinke once stated the following in a truncated autobiographical note: '1954-1966: Made rather pathetic attempts at painting... ...