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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 28 November 1907, in Charlotte (North Carolina); died 27 April 1977, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator, lithographer. Murals.

Groups: Spiral, 306.

Charles Alston moved to New York with his mother in 1914, after his father died. Alston received his BA and MA (...

Article

American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1775, in New York; died 17 January 1870, in New Jersey.

Engraver, draughtsman, illustrator.

Alexander Anderson, the son of a Scotsman, was the first person to practise wood engraving in the USA. He first studied medicine and qualified as a doctor in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born in Lexington (Virginia).

Painter, engraver, illustrator.

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 13 November 1930, in Plainview (Georgia); died 10 November 2006, in New York (New York).

Painter, collage artist, installation artist, sculptor, photographer, illustrator, draughtsman, watercolourist, print artist. Figures, portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes, animals.

Black Emergency Cultural Coalition, Rhino Horn Group

African-American artist Benny Andrews was the second of ten children born to George and Viola Andrews in the small rural farming town of Plainview, Georgia. He served in the US Air Force during the Korean War. Upon his honorable discharge, Andrews moved to Chicago and studied at the Art Institute of Chicago, graduating with a BFA in 1958. He then moved to New York, where, in 1969, with Cliff Joseph and Valerie Maynard, he founded the Black Emergency Cultural Coalition (BECC), the aim of which was to force the major museums to include work by African-American artists in their shows. Andrews helped organize protests of several major museum shows including the Whitney Museum of American Art’s ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1896; died 1979, in Rockport (Massachusetts).

Painter, illustrator, lithographer.

Vera Andrus studied at the Minneapolis Institute of Art and then at the Art Students League in New York, where she was taught by Boardman Robinson. The Musée-galerie de la Seita in Paris showed her work in the ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1835, in New York; died 2 July 1906, in West Newton (Massachusetts).

Watercolourist, engraver, illustrator.

Andrew Varick Stout Anthony travelled for several years and then went to live in Boston and, later, New York. He was a member of the American Watercolor Society and produced a variety of woodcuts, including ...

Article

American, 21st century, female.

Born 1981, in San Francisco.

Painter, sculptor, printmaker, musician. Artists’ books.

After graduating from Stanford University in 2003, Tauba Auerbach worked as a sign painter in San Francisco, an influence reflected in many of her early works. This interest in the visual aspects of language and text manifested itself in an important series of calligraphic drawings and artists’ books. Her most notable body of work may be the ‘fold’ paintings, in which canvas supports are physically folded and creased, then spread out and spray painted from various angles, and with multiple colours; the canvases are then stretched totally flat, so that fold patterns exist only as painted remnants of the surfaces’ former topography. She has further explored the boundaries and visual relationships between two- and three-dimensionality in her group of pop-up books, and in a number of books made by photographing cross-sections of a solid surface, such as a block of marble or wood, as it is gradually sanded down....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1894, in Wallula (Washington).

Painter, engraver, illustrator.

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1887, in Kansas City.

Painter, engraver, illustrator.

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1881, in Magdeburg (Saxony-Anhalt), Germany; died 1971.

Painter, engraver (wood), sculptor, illustrator. Landscapes, genre scenes. Marionettes.

Japonisme.

Provincetown Artists' Colony.

At the age of 10, Gustave Baumann emigrated to Chicago with his family. In 1898, he worked for an engraver and took evening classes at the Art Institute. He opened an advertising studio in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 September 1911, in Charlotte (North Carolina); died 12 March 1988, in New York.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, lithographer, screen printer, engraver, collage artist, newspaper cartoonist, illustrator, art theorist. Religious subjects, figure compositions, local figures. Humorous cartoons, frontispieces, stage sets...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1882, in Columbus (Ohio); died 1925, in New York.

Painter, illustrator, lithographer. Figure compositions, portraits.

Group of Eight (Ashcan School).

George Wesley Bellows was a student of William Chase, Kenneth Hays Miller and, especially, Robert Henri, whose private courses he attended in 1904. He was one of the youngest members of the Ashcan School, of which Henri was the chief mover and theoretician, which found its subjects in scenes of unadorned urban street life, with its noises, smells and dirt. He was often inspired by Thomas Eakins, though in choice of subjects rather than style. He featured in an exhibition of the National Academy of Design in New York, where he obtained a prize in 1908 and became a member in 1909. He took part as a representative of American Realist artists in the organisation of the Armory Show in 1914, which was unquestionably the defining artistic event in the USA in the early 20th century. He also belonged to a group within American artistic society known as the Fifteen Group. In 1920 and 1925, he was briefly one of the Woodstock Group, and bought a house in that town....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 15 April 1889, in Neosho (Missouri); died 1975, in Kansas City (Missouri).

Painter, lithographer, illustrator, ceramicist. Scenes with figures, genre scenes, local scenes. Murals.

American Regionalism.

Thomas Hart Benton gave up his job as a newspaper cartoonist in order to enroll in the Art Institute of Chicago, before pursuing his studies in Paris at the Académie Julian from 1908 to 1911. He was then in contact with some of the early 20th-century artists seeking radical renewal, in particular Stanton MacDonald-Wright, one of the active members of the Synchromism movement, which used the circle as the element capable of enlivening an abstract composition through the effects of colour dynamism. Benton himself said that it took him 10 years to break away from this abstract art, which later, after World War I, he openly opposed. But on his return to the USA in 1912, he was still in touch with Alfred Stieglitz, who was showing work by abstract artists and in 1916 was still showing Benton’s synchromist abstract paintings. Back in New York in 1913, he produced pottery, designed sets for Fox Studios, illustrated books and taught an evening class. He also taught at the New School for Social Research in Manhattan, where his personal choices had a significant influence on a great many young artists. Then, from 1926, he taught at the Art Students League, New York, where in 1929 one of his students was Jackson Pollock, who for a time painted Realist pictures, but quickly reacted against this genre, all the more vigorously for having to oppose Benton’s strong personality....

Article

Henry Adams

(b Neosho, MO, April 15, 1889; d Kansas City, MO, Jan 19, 1975).

American painter, illustrator, and lithographer. One of the most controversial personalities in American art, both in his lifetime and today, Thomas Hart Benton was a key figure in the American Regionalist movement of the 1930s, when he focused on working-class American subject-matter and was outspoken in his denunciation of European modern painting. Today he is best remembered for this phase of his life, and much criticized because of it. But Benton’s long career is not easily reduced to a single moment or achievement: his legacy was more complex. As a young struggling artist in Paris and New York, he was a leading American modernist and abstractionist, and in his early maturity he became the teacher and lifelong father figure for Jackson Pollock, the most famous of the Abstract Expressionists. He was also a major American writer, who wrote on art and whose autobiography of 1936 became a best-seller. He was also a notable figure in American music who collected American folk songs and devised a new form of harmonica notation that is still in use....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 2 October 1874, in St Louis (Missouri); died 1952.

Painter, illustrator. Figure compositions.

Taos Society of Artists.

Oscar Edmund Berninghaus was the son of a lithographer. He took evening classes at the St Louis School of Fine Arts for three terms and in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 13 April 1924, in Gastonia (North Carolina); died February 2001.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, print artist, illustrator. Figures, scenes with figures. Murals.

John Biggers studied at the Hampton Institute, Hampton, Virginia. From 1943 to 1945, he served in the US navy. After the war, he studied under Viktor Lowenfeld at Pennsylvania State University, first earning a BS, and then an MS in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 29 January 1855, in Dedham (Massachusetts).

Painter, illustrator, engraver (etching).

Henry Robertson Blaney specialised in Eastern subjects and in 1901 exhibited in Buffalo, where he received an honourable mention.

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 9 July 1857, in Cincinnati (Ohio); died 8 June 1903, in New York, of pneumonia.

Painter, illustrator, engraver, pastellist. Genre scenes. Murals.

Japonisme.

Robert Frederick Blum's parents were German immigrants. In 1873-1874 he was apprenticed to an engraving firm, and he studied at the Art Academy of Cincinnati and in Philadelphia and Europe. From ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1856, in Richfield Springs (New York).

Painter, illustrator, engraver.

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1801; died 1856.

Watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer.

John T. Bowen directed the publication of three important collections of engravings: History of the Indian Tribes of North America by McKenney and Hall; The Birds of North America published by John James Audubon; and ...