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Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 30 April 1764, in Milan; died 11 February 1849, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), watercolourist, engraver (line-engraving). Allegorical subjects, historical subjects, battles, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Decorative schemes, church decoration, decorative designs.

After studying in Milan and Rome, Ademollo was invited to Florence to decorate the Teatro della Pergola (which has since been destroyed). He settled in Florence until his death and was widely regarded as one of the neo-classical masters of the Tuscan School. At the start of his career, he painted principally arabesques, but went on to develop his technique to the point where Ferdinand III commissioned him to decorate the Pitti Palace and to paint historical and allegorical subjects for its individual rooms. One of his best-known works is ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1744, in Pistoia (Tuscany); died 22 October 1816, in Bologna.

Painter, engraver, sculptor, decorative designer.

Baldi studied drawing and painting initially under Francesco Beneforti in Pistoia, then travelled to Bologna, where he entered the workshop of the painter Mauro Tezi, with whom he subsequently collaborated as an assistant. He enjoyed the patronage of Count Massimiliano Gini. He excelled expecially at painting flowers. According to Zani, Valentino Baldi was also an engraver and sculptor....

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Cologne from 1786 to 1800.

Painter, engraver.

Peter Beckenkamp was decorator to the court of Cologne and was the brother of Kaspar Benedikt Beckenkamp.

Article

Swedish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 15 January 1757, in Ramshäll; died 11 April 1844, in Stockholm.

Engraver (aquatint), miniaturist, enameller. Portraits.

Anton Berndes is thought to have been trained by Gustaf Lundberg and Hojer. He was in great demand as a portraitist, and was very successful in Sweden as an engraver of aquatints, a skill he learned in England in ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Ferrara.

Born 1749, in Ferrara; died 1823.

Painter, decorative designer, engraver, architect.

A pupil of Ghedini, Luigi Bertelli painted frescoes and an oil entitled Demon in the Flames for the Chiesa Nuova; he also made etchings for Arrivo...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, female.

Enameller, miniaturist, engraver.

Louise Bourdon studied under the miniaturist Jean-Baptiste Weyler from Strasbourg whom she married. After his death in 1791 she completed his work A Collection of Portraits of Famous Men from All Countries. She exhibited in Paris in ...

Article

Dutch, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1763, in Haarlem; died 23 February 1815, in Utrecht.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, decorative designer. Genre scenes, landscapes.

Hermanus van Brussel studied with J.B. Brandhof and E. Hendriks and painted decorations for the Amsterdam theatre and the castle at Loo....

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1737, in Winchester; died 27 November 1813, in Winchester.

Painter. Decorative schemes, historical, mythological and religious subjects.

William Cave belonged to a family of artists and engravers. He married Ann Broadway in 1759. He and his three sons were active in the Winchester area, painting religious scenes in the Catholic chapel, mythological figures in the theatre and decorative panels wherever required....

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 4 May 1757, in Nantes; died 6 July 1817, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect. Mythological subjects, figures, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures, urban views, architectural views. Wall decorations.

Béguyer de Chancourtois entered the École de l'Académie Royale as a pupil of Jollain and the younger Peyre on ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 16 October 1726, in Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland); died 7 February 1801, in Berlin.

Painter, engraver, miniaturist, enameller, illustrator. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Of Polish origin, he went to Berlin in 1743. Originally a painter of enamels, he then, after studying under Christian Bernhard Rode, gained a name for himself through the publication of the Berlin academy almanac, for which he executed a series of plates illustrating the main scenes of the ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1749, in Versailles; died 1825, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman (wash), engraver, decorative artist. Mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, historical portraits, hunting scenes, interiors with figures, gardens. Stage costumes and sets, furniture, designs for fabrics, frontispieces.

Dugourc's father, who was in the service of the Duke of Orléans, had a considerable fortune. Dugourc was permitted to attend the lessons taken by the Duke of Chartres (the future Philippe-Égalité), and at the age 15 left for Rome, attached to the embassy of the Count of Cani. From his infancy, he had shown an aptitude for drawing, perspective and architecture. However, the death of his mother, followed shortly after by the loss of his father's fortune, changed his life. From being an amateur, Dugourc became a professional artist, and executed paintings, sculptures and engravings. In a work published in ...

Article

Basil Hunnisett

[Engelheart.]

English family of artists, of German origin. Francis Engelheart (b Silesia, 1713; d Kew, 1773) was a plaster modeller. He came to England c. 1721 and later worked as a decorative plasterer at Kew Palace for Frederick, Prince of Wales (1707–51), and his widow Augusta, the Princess Dowager (1719–72). He seems also to have produced decorative ceilings for Hampton Court Palace. After his death, his family changed the spelling of their name to Engleheart.

Two of Francis’s sons, John Dillman Engleheart (1735–1810) and Paul Engleheart (d 1774), carried on the business, while two others found success in other fields. Thomas Engleheart (b ?London, 1745; d ?London, 1786) was a sculptor and wax modeller, and George Engleheart (b Kew, ?Nov 1753; d Blackheath [now in London], 21 March 1829) was a painter. Thomas studied from 1769 at the Royal Academy schools, London, where he won a gold medal in ...

Article

Spanish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 23 March 1748, in Valencia; died 23 March 1818, in Valencia.

Painter, decorative artist, engraver. Still-lifes, flowers. Ornaments.

Benito Espinos was the son of José Espinos. He specialised in flower drawings and silk decoration. In 1784 he was appointed director of the ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 15 February 1735, in Dax (Landes); died 18 February 1817, in Dax.

Engraver, miniaturist, enameller. Portraits.

Jean Baptiste de Grateloup executed a number of portraits which were highly regarded by art lovers. He worked in the style of Savart and Ficquet....

Article

Christiaan Schuckman

(b Rotterdam, Dec 16, 1754; d Rotterdam, Aug 17, 1826).

Dutch printmaker, draughtsman, painter and wallpaper designer. Groenewegen spent nearly all his life near Rotterdam on the Westzee Dyke, which leads towards Delfshaven. Like his father he was a ship’s carpenter, until he lost part of his right leg and was forced to take up another trade. He became an artist and began to make faithful representations of topographical subjects and shipping scenes. He found his subjects in Rotterdam as well as around Delfshaven, Schoonderloo, Overschie and other neighbouring villages. Apart from paintings, he made wallpaper decorations, all with shipping as their subject-matter. From 1779 until his death he produced hundreds of drawings in gouache and watercolour or pen and ink, mostly of topographical subjects. For example, his prints comprise figures in traditional costume, a number of river and port views and the illustrations of ship types known as the Collection of 84 Dutch Ships, published in seven series between ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1756, in London; died 24 May 1825, in London.

Painter, miniaturist, enameller, engraver.

Horace Hone was the son of Nathaniel Hone the Elder. He painted in oils and watercolours but was chiefly known for his miniatures. He lived for most of his life in London. In ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1756, in Dresden; died 1815, in Dresden.

Painter, decorative designer, engraver. Landscapes.

Klingner studied with Schenau at the Dresden academy.

Article

Swiss, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 27 December 1769, in Geneva; died 1832, in Rome.

Painter, watercolourist, miniaturist, enameller, engraver. Historical subjects, portraits, landscapes.

After working in several factories, Lévêque travelled to Spain, Portugal and England, where he got married. He is known for his engraving, ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in England from 1771.

Born 31 October 1740, in Strasbourg; died 1812, in Chiswick, near London.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver (etching). Historical subjects, battles, figures, genre scenes, landscapes with figures, landscapes, seascapes, architectural views, animals. Decorative schemes.

Loutherbourg was the son and student of the miniaturist J.-P. Loutherbourg, whom he accompanied to Paris. He was also a student of Tischbein and Casanova. Loutherbourg soon gained a reputation both as an animal painter and as a landscape painter. While drawing inspiration from Berghem, he nevertheless managed to assert a highly individual style. He had considerable success and when Fessard wanted to engrave his magnificent edition of the ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1749, in Dresden; died 1815, in Dresden.

Enameller, engraver (burin), print publisher.

Morasch engraved notably architectural views, perspectives and sketches of folk costumes.