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Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 30 January 1782, in Bordeaux; died 21 February 1863, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Historical subjects, mythological subjects, genre scenes, architectural interiors. Wall decorations, low reliefs.

Studied initially in Bordeaux under Pierre Lacour the Elder, then became a pupil of Vincent and David. He exhibited on a regular basis at Salons between ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 15 March 1883, in Stuttgart; died 29 May 1972, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, graphic designer, poster artist, illustrator, architect, designer, decorative artist. Designs for carpets, advertising art, furniture, lamps, wallpaper.

Jugendstil.

Deutscher Werkbund.

Lucian Bernhard studied painting at the Kunstakademie in Munich, but taught himself design. He was active in Berlin. In ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 25 March 1867, in Bear Lake or Ovid (Idaho), to Danish parents; died 6 March 1941, in Chicago.

Sculptor, painter, illustrator, decorative designer. Figures, portraits, historical subjects.

Gutzon Borglum, brother of Solon Borglum, was born to a Mormon father with two wives, and he lost contact with his mother when his father left the religion and decided to conform to society's norms for marriage by abandoning her. Borglum studied at St Mary's Academy, Kansas City, in ...

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Lubaczów; died 1924, in Cracow.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist, ceramicist, sculptor, designer. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes. Furniture.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Debicki studied at the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Vienna from 1881 to 1884, then in Munich, Paris, Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine) and Cracow. He first settled in Lemberg and began teaching in ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1749, in Versailles; died 1825, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman (wash), engraver, decorative artist. Mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, historical portraits, hunting scenes, interiors with figures, gardens. Stage costumes and sets, furniture, designs for fabrics, frontispieces.

Dugourc's father, who was in the service of the Duke of Orléans, had a considerable fortune. Dugourc was permitted to attend the lessons taken by the Duke of Chartres (the future Philippe-Égalité), and at the age 15 left for Rome, attached to the embassy of the Count of Cani. From his infancy, he had shown an aptitude for drawing, perspective and architecture. However, the death of his mother, followed shortly after by the loss of his father's fortune, changed his life. From being an amateur, Dugourc became a professional artist, and executed paintings, sculptures and engravings. In a work published in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1876; died 1953.

Painter, sculptor, enameller, draughtsman, illustrator. Landscapes.

Pierre Falize studied at the École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, and exhibited at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, of which he was a member.

His work included gouaches, sepias and heightened drawings, but early on he moved to decorative sculpture and created ornamental shapes for the goldsmith's shop that belonged to his family. His bronzes, such as the trophy he made in ...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Vienna.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, sculptor, collage artist, decorative designer. Scenes with figures, figures. Stage sets.

Groups: Hundsgruppe (Dog’s group), Phantastischer Realismus group.

Ernst Fuchs enrolled at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna in 1945. From 1946 to 1950, he was a pupil of Gütersloh, whom Salvador Dalí considered the most important painter of his time (after himself). In around 1950, he was one of the founders of the Viennese ...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active from 1871, later naturalised in France.

Born 25 May 1841, in Paris, to Swiss parents; died 23 October 1917, in Sceaux (Hauts-de-Seine), France.

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist, decorative designer. Religious subjects, urban landscapes. Designs for stained glass, designs (fabric/ceramics), furniture...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active also in France.

Born 1867, in Brussels; died 1930, in Marseilles, France.

Painter, sculptor, engraver (etching), illustrator, watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman, lithographer. Historical subjects, figure compositions, figures, portraits, genre scenes. Theatre decoration.

Symbolism.

Henry de Groux was the son of Charles de Groux. He studied with Portaels at the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Brussels. He was a member of the group ...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 12 September 1858, in Grembergen-lez-Termonde; died 12 November 1921, in Brussels.

Painter, decorative designer, pastellist, watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator. Nudes, figures, landscapes.

Symbolism.

Les Vingt, Libre Esthètique.

Fernand Khnopff initially studied law, which he abandoned to concentrate on painting. He was a student of Mellery at the fine arts academy in Brussels, and of Jules Lefebvre in Paris, where he studied painting in the manner of Gustave Moreau and Delacroix. In 1891, he visited England for the first time, returning there regularly for exhibitions. In England, he met the Maquet family, whose three daughters, Elsie, Lily and Nancy, were often the inspiration for Khnopff's female figures. He was also a friend and admirer of the poet Verhaeren, whose work he helped to make known in France, and was a member of the Essor group, Les Vingt (The Twenty), of which he was a founder, and Libre Esthètique (Free Aesthetic). From 1894, he contributed to the journal ...