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Günther Kühne

(b Berlin, March 6, 1921; d Berlin, Jan 26, 1983).

German architect, urban planner and teacher. He studied architecture at the Technische Hochschule, Berlin (1939–42), returning there to the Technische Universität (1947–8) after service in World War II and a period as a prisoner of war in England. He worked in the city building department of West Berlin from 1948 to 1966, with a year of postgraduate study under Thomas Sharp (1901–78) at the Town and Country Planning Institute at the University of Durham in 1950–51. Düttmann’s work as an architect belongs to the Neues Bauen tradition of German Modernism, influenced by Hans Scharoun, and his most successful works are marked by intimacy, appropriateness of scale and skilful handling of materials. His early buildings in West Berlin, including a youth hostel (1953), Zehlendorf, and an old people’s home (1955), Wedding, were followed by a small library, the Städtische Volksbücherei (...


Lucius Grisebach

(b Eckersbach, Zwickau, Dec 31, 1881; d West Berlin, June 19, 1955).

German painter and printmaker. He was apprenticed as a decorator in Zwickau from 1896 to 1900, when he moved to Dresden to enrol at the Kunstgewerbeschule, where he met the architect Wilhelm Kreis and the painter Otto Gussmann (1869–1926) and obtained decorative commissions. He continued his studies from 1902 until 1906 as Gussmann’s pupil at the Dresden Kunstakademie. Through Kreis, Pechstein was introduced to Erich Heckel in 1906 and was invited by him to join Brücke, Die, a group founded in the previous year that was quickly to become a major force in the rise of German Expressionism (see Expressionism §1). The founders of the group were all architecture students, leaving Pechstein as the only member to have received formal academic training as a painter. He remained closely involved with the group until 1910, drawing and painting in the studios of Heckel and Ernst Ludwig Kirchner in Dresden and also working communally with them ...