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Anne K. Swartz

(b Philadelphia, PA, Jan 14, 1939).

American painter. Fishman is an abstract painter who came of age at the end of the 1960s when Abstract Expressionism was the dominant mode of painting and the Women’s Movement was gaining momentum. She attended the Philadelphia College of Art, and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, eventually receiving her BFA and BS degree from Tyler School of Fine Arts. There she received two senior prizes—the First Painting Prize, Student Exhibit, Tyler School of Art, and the Bertha Lowenberg Prize for the Senior Woman to Excel in Art (1963). She went on to receive her MFA from University of Illinois in Champaign (1965); that same year, she relocated to New York City. She received numerous grants and fellowships, including National Endowment for the Arts grants (1975–6; 1983–4; 1994); a Guggenheim Fellowship in Painting (1979); a fellowship to the MacDowell Colony in New Hampshire (...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1951.

Painter.

Christian Florio studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons, where he lives and works.

Though he was initially an abstract expressionist, Florio's exuberant compositions include figurative elements within an abstract framework, giving the impression of an old-fashioned mind expressing itself in a postmodern style. In contrast to these, he also creates works in a hyperrealist style, reproducing the folds in a piece of paper, or the metal blades of an awning. Reality, however, is always suggested rather than explicit; and serves as a point of departure for a simple architecture consisting of flat planes, occasionally broken by elusive markings....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1950, in Chalon-sur-Saône.

Painter.

Patrick Germinagni was a student at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons and Paris, the latter of which he attended in 1974. Abstract Expressionist, his painting, especially on papier-mâché forms, falls into the informal. Graphic marks and sensual references can be deciphered, such as the imprint of bodies, the idea of a face resting on hands, and questioning eyes. He created an art studio for the inmates of the St Joseph Prison in Lyons. He has shown work in group exhibitions, including the ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 21 April 1946, in East Liverpool (Ohio).

Painter.

Everson Hall studied with Stanley William Hayter at Atelier 17 in Paris. His Abstract Expressionist paintings are also influenced by the work of the CoBrA group.

Article

Leyla Dunia

(b Caracas, 1951).

Venezuelan collagist and drawer or please maintain “visual artist” (absolutely not, he experimented with felt but cannot be considered a textile artist). Herrera received a Bachelor’s degree in Arts from the University of Tulsa, OK, in 1982 and a Master’s degree in Fine Arts from the University of Illinois at Chicago in 1992. Herrera’s work includes painting, murals, sculpture, photography, painted books, print, felt pieces, and installations, but he is best known for the series of collages he produced in the early years of his artistic career in which form and abstraction collide and the ambiguity between chaos and order arises. In his prolific work the influence of pop culture, Abstract Expressionism, and surreal gestures is notable.

For the collages series, Herrera repeatedly used cartoons as a starting point for his creative process, pointing to a hinge between the folkloric and the popular to express a critical perspective on the complexity of modern and contemporary culture. In this stage of his work, the key elements of construction are the fragmentation and the juxtaposition of the form merged with experimentation and playfulness. Herrera tapped into the relationship capacity of the unconscious using elements that remain recognizable for the viewer yet new. In this form of construction his collages hold the possibility of elaborating different and multiple visual associations through reorganize, recompose, and reconfigure meanings, and ambiguities....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver.

John Himmelfarb is an architecture graduate from Harvard University. He is an exponent of Abstract Expressionism whose development of line has been described as 'dramatic'. His often calligraphic drawings and paintings spring from jazz rhythms or an allusive imagery. Himmelfarb is best known for the gigantism of his 'works in progress' executed in full view of the public, much in the way of a performance. He has benefited from grants from the National Education Association and the Pollock-Krasner Foundation. He has shown his works in solo exhibitions mostly in the Midwest but also at the University of Connecticut, Fairfield, and at the Centre for Contemporary Art, Christchurch, New Zealand....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1955.

Painter.

Alix Le Meleder had a solo show in Villeneuve-d'Ascq in 1994. After painting portraits inspired by the Abstract Expressionism of de Kooning and Jorn, she gave up any form of figurative painting in favour of works that were entirely gestural and reflected her day-to-day sensations. On ...

Article

Adam M. Thomas

(b Bronx, New York, Oct 29, 1927).

American painter and filmmaker. A bodybuilder, gymnast and budding photographer in high school, Leslie served in the United States Coast Guard in 1945–6. He studied briefly at the Art Students League and then at New York University on the GI Bill from 1947 to 1949. In the late 1940s and early 1950s Leslie emerged as an experimental filmmaker, creating such films as Directions: A Walk after the War Games (1946), and a preeminent second-generation Abstract Expressionist painter. Leslie developed a slashing, gestural style of painting in which splashes and free brushwork are set off against broad strips and rectangular patches of color, as evident in Pythoness (1959; Muncie, IN, Ball State U. Mus. A.). Based on the strength of his abstract paintings, critic Clement Greenberg included Leslie in the New Talent exhibition at the Kootz Gallery, New York, in 1950. Leslie was part of the seminal Ninth Street Show...

Article

Eric M. Wolf

( Houston )

American art collection that opened in 1987. In 2015 the collection contained approximately 17,000 objects, specializing in modern and contemporary art (with particular strength in Surrealism, School of Paris, Abstract Expressionism, Pop art, and Minimalism), antiquities, Byzantine art, and the art of Africa, Oceania, and the Americas. While the vast majority of works in the museum come from the collection of its late founders, John and Dominique Menil, de, the museum continues to collect and grow its art collection.

The main building was designed by architect Renzo Piano and was his first solo museum commission (he had previously partnered with Richard Rogers in the design of the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris) and his first commission in the USA. In 2013 this building won the Twenty-Five Year Award of the American Institute of Architects, recognizing architectural design of lasting significance. Sited in a residential neighbourhood in Houston’s Montrose district, the modestly scaled museum building is surrounded by bungalows, houses, and smaller satellite galleries creating a campus-like environment. These surrounding properties are owned by the Menil Foundation and are painted a grey matching that of the wooden cladding on the main building. The museum features the first iteration of Piano’s signature glass roof, here suspended over large ferro-concrete ‘leaves’ or fixed louvres, which regulate the natural light entering the galleries. In addition to gallery space, the main building contains a conservation laboratory with studios for painting, object, and paper treatment, a research library, archives, museum offices, and the second floor ‘treasure rooms’, a sort of curated art storage making a large portion of the museum’s collection immediately available to curatorial staff and visiting scholars....

Article

Austrian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1953, in Vienna.

Painter.

Thomas Reinhold's style evolved from Abstract Expressionism, which he combines with automatism and emotion. He fills his palette with broken colours. He took part in collective exhibitions at the Neue Galerie, Graz (1981), in Trieste (...

Article

Spanish, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 25 June 1961, in Zarauz, Basque Country.

Painter.

Uranga studied at the art school in Bilbao. He moved from Figuration to Abstraction, developing from Abstract Expressionism to Geometric Expressionism. From 1975 he has exhibited in group exhibitions including the Salon Nacional de la Pintura in Murcia in ...

Article

H. Alexander Rich

(b Segovia, Spain, June 20, 1903; d Bridgehampton, NY, Jan 10, 2001).

American painter and teacher of Spanish birth. One of the last surviving members of the first generation of Abstract Expressionists, Vicente arrived in New York from Spain as an innovative synthesizer of earlier European styles, working his way from portrait and nature painting through landscapes and Cubism before arriving at his mature New York School-inflected manner of large-scale abstract collage and stain paintings.

Born in Segovia, but growing up in Madrid, he was undoubtedly influenced by his father, a former military officer who also dabbled in painting and who often took his son to the Museo del Prado in Madrid. Vicente enrolled at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de S. Fernando in Madrid to study sculpture in 1921.

Although sculpting occupied Vicente for three years at the Academy, where Salvador Dalí was a classmate, by the time he moved to Paris in 1929 Vicente had re-branded himself a painter. That same year, he showed his work for the first time in the Salon des Surindépendants. Vicente painted primarily from nature, composing landscapes that fused ...