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Sheila S. Blair

[Abu Ṭāhir]

Persian family of potters. The family is sometimes known, somewhat improperly, by the epithet Kashani [al-Kashani, Qashani], which refers to their home town, Kashan. It was a major centre for the production of lustre pottery in medieval Iran, and they were among the leading potters there, working in both the Monumental and the Miniature styles (see Islamic art, §V, 3(iii)). As well as the lustre tiles for many Shi‛ite shrines at Qum, Mashhad, Najaf and elsewhere, they made enamelled and lustred vessels. Three other families of Persian lustre potters are known, but none had such a long period of production. At least four generations of the Abu Tahir family are known from signatures on vessels and tiles, including dados, large mihrabs and grave covers. The family may be traced to Abu Tahir ibn Abi Husayn, who signed an enamelled bowl (Cairo, Mus. Islam. A.). A lustre bowl in the Monumental style (London, N.D. Khalili priv. col.), signed by ...



Andrew Weiner

(b Beirut, 1925).

Lebanese painter and writer active in the USA. Daughter of a Greek Christian mother and a Syrian Muslim father, Adnan was educated in Lebanon before going on to study philosophy at the Sorbonne, Harvard, and the University of California, Berkeley. For many years she taught aesthetics at Dominican College, San Rafael, CA; she also lectured and taught at many other colleges and universities. During the 1970s Adnan regularly contributed editorials, essays, and cultural criticism to the Beirut-based publications Al-Safa and L’Orient-Le Jour. In 1978 she published the novel Sitt Marie Rose, which won considerable acclaim for its critical portrayal of cultural and social politics during the early years of the Lebanese Civil War. Adnan published numerous books of poetry, originating in her opposition to the American war in Vietnam and proceeding to encompass topics as diverse as the landscape of Northern California and the geopolitics of the Middle East. Her poetry served as the basis for numerous works of theater and contemporary classical music....




Gordon Campbell


French, male.

Born 25 December 1795, in Tours, Or in 1796 according to some sources; died 6 February 1861, in Tours.

Potter. Bestiaries. Decorative schemes, church decoration, busts.

School of Tours.

Avisseau was the son of Charles Avisseau, a stone-cutter and later a potter and a 'firer of earthenware'. Charles-Jean Avisseau began his career working for his father as a stone-cutter. He then studied at the École Académique de Dessin (academy of drawing) in Tours, and later became an apprentice in an earthenware factory in St-Pierre-des-Corps. He had already become a respected colourist by ...


French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1831, in Tours; died 1911, in Tours.

Potter, enameller. Religious furnishings.

School of Tours.

The son of Charles-Jean Avisseau, and uncle to Édouard-Léon, Joseph-Édouard Avisseau was a pupil of his father, and also studied drawing and painting in Lobin's studio. He worked in close collaboration with his father, and shared his taste for the historicist Renaissance movement, veering progressively towards the Baroque. With his father and his sister Caroline, he executed ...


British, 18th century, male.

Active in London at the end of the 18th century.


The son of John Bacon the Elder, T. Bacon exhibited three sculptures at the Royal Academy between 1793 and 1795: The Prodigal Son (terracotta), Christ and the Samaritan, and Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane...


Portuguese, 17th century, male.


Potter. Religious subjects. Church decoration.

The chapel in the country house of the Cordes Family near the church of Barcarena was adorned with blue tiles by Gabriel del Barco. (The use of decorative tiles - Azulejos- was a very widespread technique for both the interior and exterior decoration of churches and public monuments in Portugal in the 17th and 18th centuries.) Barco's tiles portrayed the ...


French, 17th century, male.

Born 4 November 1608, in Le Mans; died 1671, in Angers.

Sculptor (terracotta), architect. Religious subjects, figures. Statues, groups.

Pierre Biardeau was the son of René II Biardeau. He went to live in Angers in 1638. He was in Luçon in ...


French, 17th century, male.

Active in Le Mans.

Born 1606; died 1651.

Sculptor (terracotta). Religious subjects, figures. Groups.

This artist was the son of René Biardeau, and the brother of Pierre Biardeau. He worked on the gates of Le Mans in about 1638, and one of the ...


British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 6 February 1755, in Truro; died 17 December 1834, in Somerstown.

Painter (including porcelain), miniaturist. Religious subjects, portraits.

Henry Bone initially painted on porcelain and then, in London in 1779, he copied Reynolds' Sleeping Girl in enamel. He went on to produce copies of Titian (British Museum) and Rubens's work. A part of his gallery of ...


Susan Compton

[Shagal, Mark (Zakharovich); Shagal, Moses]

(b Vitebsk [now Viciebsk], Belarus’, July 7, 1887; d Saint-Paul-de-Vence, Alpes-Maritimes, March 28, 1985).

French painter, draughtsman, printmaker, designer, sculptor, ceramicist, and writer of Belarusian birth. A prolific artist, Chagall excelled in the European tradition of subject painting and distinguished himself as an expressive colourist. His work is noted for its consistent use of folkloric imagery and its sweetness of colour, and it is characterized by a style that, although developed in the years before World War I, underwent little progression throughout his long career (see.g. I and the Village, 1911; New York, MOMA). Though he preferred to be known as a Belarusian artist, following his exile from the Soviet Union in 1923 he was recognized as a major figure of the Ecole de Paris, especially in the later 1920s and the 1930s. In his last years he was regarded as a leading artist in stained glass.

Chagall spent his childhood, admirably recorded in his autobiography, in a warm Hassidic family in Vitebsk [now Viciebsk], with frequent visits to his grandfather’s village home. He attended the traditional Jewish school but afterwards succeeded in entering the local Russian high school, where he excelled in geometry and drawing and determined to become an artist. At first he studied locally in the studio of ...


real name: Mark Zakharovich Chagal

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active naturalised in France from 1937.

Born 7 July 1887, in Vitebsk; died 28 March 1985, in St-Paul-de-Vence, France.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, ceramicist, engraver, decorative artist, illustrator.

Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures. Murals, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics, low reliefs.

Poetic Reality.

Marc Chagall came from a Jewish family. His father was a clerk in a herring factory so they were not well off, one might even say poor. He first learned how to draw by copying book illustrations. In 1906, he studied with Jehudo Pen in Vitebsk. The following year he managed to leave for St Petersburg where he enrolled at the School for the Encouragement of the Arts. Not altogether satisfied with the teaching he was receiving there, he arranged to have himself admitted to the Zvanseva School in 1908, where his teacher, Leon Bakst, introduced him to the work of Cézanne, Gauguin, and Van Gogh. In 1910, thanks to a bursary, he was able to achieve his dream and move to Paris, where he set up home in ‘La Ruche’, in those days a haven for struggling artists. There he met Max Jacob, Guillaume Apollinaire, and Blaise Cendrars, and later Amedeo Modigliani, Delaunay, and La Fresnaye. In 1911, he took part for the first time in the Salon des Artistes Indépendants in Paris, and in 1914 exhibited for the first time at the Der Sturm Gallery in Berlin. That same year he returned to Russia and married Bella Rosenfeld in 1915. Their daughter Ida was born a year later. During its early years, Chagall supported the Russian Revolution and in 1917 he was appointed Commissar for Fine Arts in Vitebsk and founded an academy at which El Lissitzky, Kazimir Malevich, and Ivan Puni taught. In 1919, he participated in the first official exhibition of revolutionary art in Petrograd (now St Petersburg). But before long he clashed with the Suprematists, particularly Malevich who, with the support of his friends, took advantage of Chagall’s absence to seize control of the academy. Chagall resigned and left for Moscow in 1920, where his art took on a new direction with the commission he was given by Granovsky, the director of the Theatre of Jewish Art in Moscow and for which Chagall not only designed stage sets and costumes, but also painted murals and created stage curtains. Chagall completed six large-scale panels within just a few months. Stalin’s anti-Semitic policy, however, led to the theatre’s closure in 1949. The Tretiakov Gallery kept the canvases in its vaults for more than 40 years and in 1973 Chagall, back home in Russia, was able to see them again and sign them. In 1920, he started writing his autobiography ...


French, 18th century, male.

Born in the 18th century, in Paris.


Sébastien was a nephew of the renowned painter Jean-Baptiste Chardin. He studied in the Slodtz studio, and showed a marble Head of Christ and a terracotta Statue of Mars in the 1791 Salon. We also have his ...


French, 20th century, male.

Born 15 June 1879, in Paris; died 26 April 1963, in Montmorency.

Painter, potter, designer. Mythological and religious subjects, portraits, nudes, landscapes, urban landscapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations, designs for stained glass.

Georges-Louis Claude was educated at the Bernard Palissy college of design in Paris and went on to teach decorative painting at the school of applied arts there (now the École Supérieure des Arts Appliqués Olivier de Serres), where his students included the future master painter-on-glass Paul Bony and the poster artist Hervé Morvan....


French, 20th century, female.

Born 1908, in Le Vésinet.

Painter, engraver, potter, designer, illustrator. Religious subjects.

Marianne Clouzot started out as a painter but turned to ceramics from around 1942, favouring religious subjects. She wrote several children's books and a produced a portfolio of 12 etchings entitled ...


Swiss, 19th century, male.

Born 1 December 1785, in Geneva; died 10 March 1855, in Geneva.

Painter, miniaturist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

A painter of enamels and porcelain, he reproduced a large number of paintings by the masters. He abandoned enamel in 1826 after having started work at the Sèvres porcelain factory. He showed at the Salon, most notably in ...


Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1530, in Perugia; died 1576, in Perugia.

Painter, sculptor (bronze/marble/cast iron/clay), draughtsman, goldsmith, architect. Religious subjects, historical subjects, mythological subjects. Groups, statues, low reliefs.

Vincenzo Danti was the brother of Girolamo and Egnazio Danti. He worked initially in the goldsmiths' trade, in whose guild he enrolled in ...


French, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born in Le Mans; died 1644, in Le Mans.

Sculptor (terracotta/marble), painter. Religious subjects.

Gervais I Delabarre the Elder came from a long line of sculptors that extended from the late 16th century to the first few years of the 18th. Along with Charles Hoyau and Pierre Biardeau, Delabarre is regarded as one of the most important terracotta sculptors in the Le Mans region in the 17th century. Unfortunately, many of his works have disappeared. He made an ...