American, 20th–21st century, male.
Born 21 January 1955, in York (Pennsylvania).
Assemblage artist, installation artist, photographer. Mixed media. Multimedia.
Neo-Conceptual Art (Neo-Geo), Appropriation Art, Neo-Pop Art.
Jeff Koons trained for three years at the Maryland Institute College of Art in Baltimore, and subsequently at the Art Institute of Chicago. He lives and works in New York, Germany, and Italy. Before embarking on an artistic career he worked on Wall Street as a commodities broker, and his artwork and his conception of the role of the artist remain suffused with ideas and concepts drawn from this earlier experience: the artist survives by supplying commodities to a specific market, governed by the laws of consumerism, speculation, and marketing.
Jeff Koons’ output comprises a succession of series of works on various themes, essentially rooted in the use of ‘ready-mades’ and drawing on the Pop Art tradition. Koons appropriates manufactured objects devoid of their everyday context; his later compositions incorporate ready-mades together with the human body, disassembled and reconstituted, or reproduced using craft techniques. In the Duchampian tradition, selected everyday commercial products are thus accorded the status of artworks, perfectly crafted with extraordinary attention to detail. His earliest pieces (...