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Annamaria Szőke

(b Budapest, July 4, 1928; d Budapest, May 22, 1986).

Hungarian architect, sculptor, conceptual and performance artist, teacher, theorist and film maker. He came from a Jewish–Christian family, many of whom were killed during World War II. In 1947 he began training as a sculptor at the College of Fine Arts in Budapest, but he left and continued his studies in the studio of Dezső Birman Bokros (1889–1965), before training as an architect from 1947 to 1951 at the Technical University in Budapest. During the 1950s and early 1960s he worked as an architect and began experimenting with painting and graphic art, as well as writing poems and short stories. During this period he became acquainted with such artists as Dezső Korniss, László Latner and, most importantly, Béla Kondor and Sándor Altorjai (1933–79), with whom he began a lifelong friendship. In 1959 and 1963 he also enrolled at the Budapest College of Theatre and Film Arts but was advised to leave both times....

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Jasmina Tumbas

[Antonio Gotovac Lauer]

(b Sombor, Serbia, Feb 9, 1937; d Zagreb, Croatia, June 24, 2010).

Serbian experimental and documentary filmmaker, performance, body, and conceptual artist. Gotovac was a student at the Faculty of Architecture in Zagreb from 1955–56. From an early age, Gotovac was an autodidactic scholar of film and a habitual visitor of the cinema, carefully studying all the aspects of filmmaking, including sound, structure, and film direction. He began to make his experimental films in 1962, most of which paid homage to popular and avant-garde films, as well as honouring musical virtuosos such as Billie Holiday and Glenn Miller. One of the earliest examples was his structuralist Trilogy from 1964, Straight Line (Stevens – Duke), Circle (Jutkevic – Count), and Blue Rider (Godard – Art). Inspired by Kurt Schwitters’ Merz collages, which Gotovac first saw in 1959 in Zagreb, the artist collected materials for years and began to make collages out of train tickets, product wrappers, magazine advertisements, and the like during 1964 and 1965. In ...