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French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born January 1851, in Paris; died 1938.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.


Albert Aublet was a pupil of Claudius Jacquand and Gérôme. Very early on, he was drawn to the East, first visiting Constantinople (now Istanbul) in ...


British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1863, in London; died 27 November 1933, in London.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, religious subjects, mythological subjects, landscapes.

Robert Anning Bell was the pupil of Aimé Morot in Paris and of Sir George Frampton in London. He taught at University College, Liverpool (...


French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 April 1868, in Lille; died 16 April 1941, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, nudes, portraits, genre scenes, still-lifes, landscapes, urban landscapes. Designs for tapestries.


School of Pont-Aven.

Émile Bernard plays a singular role in the history of painting in the late-19th century. As demonstrated by the important retrospective of his work mounted by the Fondation Mona Bismarck in Paris in 1991, he was the often-overlooked originator of a number of highly innovative movements (Cloisonnism, Synthetism, even Symbolism), whose paternity he claimed with vehemence in his writings, before he turned his back on them all with equal forcefulness later in life. He moved to the western Paris suburb of Asnières with his family in 1881, and showed an early interest in painting, studying at the Atelier Cormon from the age of 16. Here he met his mentor, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and subsequently Van Gogh. Expelled from the studio in 1886 for insubordination and lack of discipline, he travelled to Normandy and Brittany, where he encountered Gauguin and his followers from the Pont-Aven School. In the same year, he painted the ...


German, 19th century, male.

Born 1778, in Berlin; died 1856, in Rome.

Painter, watercolourist, illustrator, sculptor (wood). Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.


Nazarenes group.

After studying in Berlin, Catel travelled widely in France, Switzerland and Italy. From 1798 to 1800, he studied in Paris. He began to exhibit watercolours in Weimar in 1802, returning to Paris in 1807, when he first began to paint in oils. In 1811, while staying in Rome, he joined the Nazarene group of painters around Cornelius, Overbeck and Schadow. On his return to Berlin, he became a member of the academy of art, becoming a lecturer in 1841....


French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 3 March 1763, in Paris; died 19 April 1810, in Paris.

Sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, painter. Religious subjects. Statues, busts, low reliefs.

Antoine Denis Chaudet studied under Jean-Baptiste Stouf and Étienne Gois. He was awarded the second Prix de Rome in ...


Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1869, in Antwerp; died 1941, in Brussels.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator, poster artist. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes.

Art Nouveau.

Having first studied law, Ghisbert Combaz became a pupil at the academy in Antwerp and a professor at the Brussels academy. He spent most of his life in Antwerp, where he exhibited from 1886 onwards; he also exhibited in conjunction with the association of Art Nouveau artists known as the Libre Esthétique from 1897. As an art historian, he made special study of the art of the Far East. With their sinuous and undulating rhythm, the arabesques in his engravings and posters provide typical examples of the Modern Style....


French, 19th century, male.

Born 6 January 1832, in Strasbourg; died 23 January 1883, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, engraver, lithographer, draughtsman, illustrator. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, military subjects, genre scenes, portraits, landscapes. Monuments, groups, statues.

The first ten years of Gustave Doré's life were spent in Strasbourg, surrounded by the medieval Gothic and ancien régime architecture typical of the Alsace. These surroundings made a lasting impression on the young Doré, as did the splendid Renaissance spiral staircase in his parents' home in the Rue des Écrivains (as Hans Haug notes in his preface to the catalogue of the Doré retrospective held in Strasbourg in 1854). Strasbourg and Alsace were fated to figure prominently (albeit in duly transliterated form) in the work of the gifted and precocious Doré, notably in his illustrations for Balzac's ...


German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 20 October 1867, in Rendsburg.

Painter, illustrator, sculptor. Figure compositions, religious subjects, figures, portraits, landscapes. Murals.

Ludwig Fahrenkrog was a student of Hugo Vogel and Anton Alexander von Werner at the academy of fine arts in Berlin, where he received many prizes. In ...


French, 19th century, male.

Born 1854, in Paris; died 17 December 1937, in L'Isle-Adam (Val-d'Oise).

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator. Religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures.

He enrolled at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he studied sculpture under Jean Gautherin; he subsequently turned to painting and studied under Jean-Paul Laurens. Fourié exhibited for the first time at the Paris Salon in ...


French, 19th century, male.

Born October 1780, in Grasse; died 10 November 1850, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator, lithographer. History painting, religious subjects, mythological subjects. Murals.

Alexandre Evariste studied under his father Jean-Honoré Fragonard and under Jacques-Louis David. He exhibited at the Paris Salon from 1799 to 1842...


French, 19th century, male.

Born 11 May 1824, in Vesoul (Haute-Saône); died 10 January 1904, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, copyist. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, genre scenes, nudes, portraits, landscapes with figures.


Jean-Léon Gérôme attended secondary school in his native Vesoul and graduated with a bachelor’s degree in 1840. Determined to make his way as a painter, he moved to Paris to study under Paul Delaroche at the École des Beaux-Arts from 1842. He followed in Delaroche’s footsteps to Rome and attended life classes there. Gérôme returned to France in 1844 and worked in Charles Gleyre’s atelier. He entered the Prix de Rome but did not reach the final stages (although he won the prize for draughtsmanship). The workers’ revolution of 1848 saw him appointed to a captaincy in the National Guard. Gérôme travelled widely, visiting Italy, Turkey, the Danube region and Egypt and, on each occasion, returned with a large portfolio of sketches and studies. His marriage to one of the daughters of the publisher Goupil proved socially advantageous and he quickly made a name for himself to the extent that his work began to sell for substantial sums. He was appointed to a professorship at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1864, then to membership of the Institut de France (1865). As a teacher his influence was substantial and he was known to be most supportive of his pupils.1865 was an annus mirabilis in terms of his career, when he was invited to the royal court at Compiègne. He continued to travel, visiting Grenada in 1883. In 1893 he was nominated, together with Benjamin Constant, to the honorary co-presidency of the Société des Peintres Orientalisants; this was followed by his election as officer first class of the Légion d’Honneur (1898). Jean Gérôme exhibited for the first time at the Paris Salon in 1847 at the age of 23, showing a composition entitled ...


Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active from 1871, later naturalised in France.

Born 25 May 1841, in Paris, to Swiss parents; died 23 October 1917, in Sceaux (Hauts-de-Seine), France.

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist, decorative designer. Religious subjects, urban landscapes. Designs for stained glass, designs (fabric/ceramics), furniture...


French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 or 30 March 1838, in Fourquevoux (Haute-Garonne); died 23 March 1921, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes. Designs for tapestries.

In spite of very deprived circumstances, Jean-Paul Laurens showed from the earliest age exceptional draftsmanship and the determination to paint against serious odds. His efforts got him admitted to the École des Beaux-Arts in Toulouse, after which he went to Paris on a scholarship from the Haute-Garonne local authority. He studied under Léon Cogniet and Bida. After 1872 his reputation became established. Following on from Meissonnier at the Institut de France, becoming head of the Académie de Toulouse and professor at the Académie Julian, he had countless pupils and held an important place in the teaching of painting in France....


Austrian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 November 1859, in Baden, near Vienna; died 9 April 1925, in Vienna.

Painter, sculptor, medallist, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes.

Johannes Mayerhofer studied at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna and worked mainly on decorations for churches....


Spanish, 19th century, male.

Born 28 February 1829, in Sacedon, near Guadalajara (Castile-La Mancha).

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, still-lifes, flowers.

Roman Sanz was a pupil of Juan Galvez, Antonio Brabo and F. Elias at the Academia de Bellas Artes in Madrid. He exhibited at various joint exhibitions, including the exhibitions of the national fine arts society of Madrid ...


Danish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 18 November 1856, in Copenhagen; died 9 March 1933, in Copenhagen.

Painter, sculptor, potter, engraver, illustrator. Religious subjects, genre scenes. Designs for mosaics, murals.

Joaquim Skøvgaard was the son of Peter Kristian Skøvgaard. He exhibited on various occasions in Paris, most notably at the Expositions Universelles of ...


Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 5 March 1856, in Omsk; died 1 April 1910, in St Petersburg.

Painter, draughtsman (charcoal/ink), watercolourist, illustrator, sculptor, designer, art restorer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, figures. Murals, church decoration, theatre sets.


Peredvizhniki (Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions), Golubaya Roza (Blue Rose), Abramtsevo Artists’ Colony...