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German, 20th century, male.

Born 1878.

Painter. Landscapes.

Der Blaue Reiter group.

In around 1911 or 1912, Bechtejeff formed part of the Blaue Reiter (Blue Rider) group, in which he does not seem to have played an active part. He sought to give his art a modernist style....


Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1886, in Tavria or Kershon; died 1917, in Thessalonica.

Painter, illustrator.

Symbolism, Futurism.

Groups: Golubaya Roza (Blue Rose), Bubnovy Valet (Jack of Diamonds), Der Blaue Reiter (Blue Rider).

Vladimir Davidovich Burlyuk was the brother of David Burlyuk. He studied in Odessa and married the sister of the painter Lentulov. Along with his brother, he collaborated on the most important projects of the Russian avant-garde, including with the group ...


Swiss, 20th century, female.

Born 1879, in Gitomir, Russia; died 1956, in Geneva.

Painter. Landscapes, still-lifes, flowers.

Élisabeth Epstein-Hefter was one of the few contributors to the first exhibition of the Der Blaue Reiter group which took place in Munich in December 1911.

Munich, 27 Nov 1981...


Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 1922, in Sydney; died 2004.


Samuel Fullbrook's work is entirely inspired by European painting. Rich in pale colours and allusive figures, it takes its inspiration from the Blaue Reiter movement of 1910.

1976, A Tribute to Sam Fullbrook, Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane...


Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Germany from 1921.

Born 13 or 26 March 1864, in Torzhok, or in Tver according to some sources; died 15 March 1941, in Wiesbaden.

Painter. Figures, landscapes, still-lifes.

Groups: Der Blaue Reiter, Die Blauen Vier.

The son of an aristocratic landowner, Jawlensky entered military school in Moscow in 1877. His first contact with painting was in 1880 at the time of the Universal Exhibition in Moscow. From that time he began to visit the Tretiakov Gallery every Sunday and to make sketches. In 1884, he was appointed an officer of the Imperial Guard in Moscow and also began to discover French art in the home of the Botkin family. He obtained a transfer to St Petersburg in 1889 so that he could attend classes at the academy of fine art there, studying particularly with Repin who introduced him into artistic circles. In 1891 he met Marianne von Werefkin. Unsatisfied with the teaching that he was receiving, he resigned from the army and left for Munich in 1896 where he was joined by Marianne von Werefkin and her lady companion. They enrolled in the private academy set up by Anton Azbé, and were joined there by Kandinsky the following year. In 1902 Jawlensky decided to work on his own. He exhibited for the first time at the ...


Swiss, 20th century, male.

Active in Germany and Switzerland.

Born 18 December 1879, in Münchenbuchsee; died 29 June 1940, in Muralto, near Locarno.

Painter, draughtsman, printmaker, watercolourist.

Die Blaue Vier, Der Blaue Reiter, Bauhaus..

Paul Klee’s German father was a singing teacher, and his half-French, half-Swiss mother was also very musical. Klee himself played the violin and toyed with the idea of a career in music. In 1898, having hesitated between music and painting, he chose painting. He went to Munich, where he studied at Heinrich Knirr’s free academy (1898–1900). He then went to Franz von Stuck’s studio at the Munich Academy (1900–1901). In 1901, he travelled to Italy for the first time with the sculptor Hermann Haller. There he admired Roman architecture and sculpture, the ruins of Pompeii, the work of Michelangelo in the Sistine Chapel, and the work of Raphael in the Stanze della Segnatura, although he preferred Leonardo da Vinci over both. In 1902, he settled in Bern, before moving to Munich in 1906, the year he married his wife, Lily Stumpf, a pianist. She earned their livelihood giving piano lessons, and the two gave small concerts for their own pleasure and that of their close friends, as well as attending many classical concerts at the city’s concert halls. He was only ever attracted to traditional classical music and did not like the music of the composers of the Vienna School, such as Arnold Schönberg or Alban Berg, although he knew them personally. During this period he admired Aubrey Beardsley and James Ensor....


German, 20th century, female.

Born 19 February 1877, in Berlin; died 19 May 1962, in Murnau.

Painter, engraver. Portraits, landscapes, landscapes with figures, still-lifes.

Der Blaue Reiter group.

After attending drawing courses in Düsseldorf in 1897, Gabriele Münter continued her artistic studies in Munich from May 1901 at the Künstlerinnen-Verein (association for women painters) in Munich, the academy there being restricted to men at that time. In 1902, she entered the Die Phalanx School, run by Wassily Kandinsky, under whose guidance she studied. She initially followed Wilhelm Hüsgen’s courses, then those of Kandinsky, who was responsible for the painting class (still-lifes, portraiture, landscapes, nudes). She became intimate with Kandinsky, travelling with him from 1904 to 1908 – a one-month trip to Holland, the winter 1904–1905 in Tunisia, summer 1905 in Dresden, winter 1905–1906 in Rapallo, followed by Sèvres near Paris where she remained for a whole year. In summer 1908 she was in Murnau (Upper Bavaria) with Kandinsky, Alexei Jawlensky, and his companion Marianne Werefkin. She bought a house there, under Kandinsky’s influence. They stayed there intermittently together or alone until ...


Austrian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active from 1933 and naturalised in the USA.

Born 13 September 1874, in Vienna; died 13 July 1951, in Los Angeles, USA.

Painter. Portraits.

Der Blaue Reiter group.

Arnold Schönberg was better known as a composer and conductor. He was also a painter, and was largely self-taught, although he learnt a few rudimentary techniques from Richard Gerstl. A Jew, Schönberg converted to Protestantism for a time to fit in with Viennese society, only to return, in a courageous act of defiance, to Judaism with the arrival of Nazi power in Germany. In ...