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Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, female.

Born 1928, in Montevideo.

Painter, engraver.

Having taught herself to paint at a very early age, Afamados de Sans enrolled in the engraving course at the national college of fine arts in Montevideo. She participated regularly in the national salon, where she obtained first prize in ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Born 1900, in Montevideo; died 1984.

Painter, engraver. Figure compositions, landscapes with figures. Wall decorations.

Berdia began his studies in the Montevideo circle of fine arts; then later in Buenos Aires, he worked under the supervision of Guillermo Laborde and frequented the studios of Giambaggi, Gomez Cornet and Falcini. In ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Born 8 November 1937, in Montevideo.

Engraver.

Bresciano exhibits in Latin America and participated in the Paris Biennale in 1965.

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Active in Spain from 1971.

Born July 1929, in Montevideo.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver.

Glauco Cappozzoli was a student at the school of art in Montevideo. He participated in several collective exhibitions: 1961 Biennale des Jeunes, Paris; 1963 Pratt Graphic Art Center in New York; ...

Article

Paraguayan, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1964, in Itauga Guazù.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, film producer, video artist.

Enrique Collar entered the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Manuel Belgrano in Buenos Aires in 1988. Since 1997 he has produced audiovisual works including videos like El Presente...

Article

Milan Ivelić

(b Santiago, 1943).

Chilean painter, printmaker, draftsman, and video artist. He studied at the Escuela de Bellas Artes of the Universidad de Chile in Santiago (1961–1965), at the Escuela de Fotomecánica in Madrid (1966), the Hochschule für Bildende Kunst in West Berlin (1967–1969), and at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris.

Dittborn, together with other theorists and artists working in Chile in the 1970s, based his work on critical examination of the marginal position of Chilean art in relation to international developments, adopting to this end practices at odds with Chilean traditions. Rejecting conventional forms of painting as well as the usual methods of producing and presenting prints, he instead favored photography as a source both of imagery and technique by means of screenprinting. He found his imagery ready-made in the portraits featured in old Chilean criminology magazines; he combined mechanical techniques such as offset lithography and screenprinting with traditional handcrafting methods of embroidery and drawn-threadwork; and in the mid-1980s he even went so far as to produce works on brown wrapping paper, which he folded and then distributed through the ordinary post, calling them his own variant of correspondence art. Dittborn used such contrasts within his work to reflect disparate realities, mirroring the social interaction of different levels in society and underlining the racially mixed origins of Latin American practices by exaggerating the clash between domestic crafts and advanced modern technology....

Article

Milan Ivelić

revised by Gwen Unger

(b Santiago, May 11, 1940; d Jun 9, 1993).

Chilean painter, printmaker, and video artist. He earned a BA in architecture at the Pontifica Universidad Católica de Chile in Santiago in 1961. He also studied printmaking at Taller 99, a workshop in Santiago run by Nemesio Antúnez, where he explored new technical methods for representing machine imagery and energy. In 1961 he traveled to Spain, then to Paris, where he studied at S. W. Hayter’s Atelier 17 until 1965. In Paris Downey became friends with other Latin American artists and writers living in the city at the time such as Julio Le Parc, Roberto Matta, and Pablo Neruda (1904–1973).

In the mid-1960s Downey settled in Washington, DC, where he became interested in and made contact with the pioneers of video art, which became his primary medium. Proposing to work directly with energy rather than simply representing it, he presented his first audio-visual installation in 1966, conveying light, sound, and energy by means of closed-circuit television. Downey was a pioneer in ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1963 or 1965.

Born 1934, in Tacuarembo.

Painter, lithographer. Landscapes with figures.

José Gamarra studied at the school of fine arts in Montevideo. In 1959 he left Uruguay for southern Brazil and in 1963 moved to Paris....

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Born 1903, in Melo.

Engraver. Local scenes.

Carlos González was awarded the grand prix for engraving at the Montevideo National Exhibition of 1944. His wood engravings are remarkable compositions on peasant life in a very individual style evoking the outmoded charm of popular old engravings....

Article

Eduardo Serrano

(b Cartagena, Dec 18, 1920; d Bogotá, Apr 1, 2004).

Colombian painter, sculptor, printmaker, filmmaker, and stage designer. He studied at the Art Students League in New York from 1941 to 1943 and subsequently visited Italy, where he studied fresco and etching techniques before settling again in Colombia. Consistently devoted to the human form, he initially depicted figures with angular heads and striped tunics in a strong light, with symbolic objects such as eggs, masks, or cages.

In such later paintings as Boy with Umbrella (1964; Washington, DC, A. Mus. Americas) Grau’s figures were transformed into plump, fleshy, and voluptuous beings, richly arrayed with lace, feathers, hats, and fans, like characters taken from the theater or from popular turn-of-the-century postcards. His scenes were gradually filled with anecdotal details and numerous objects, including cupboards, easels, boxes, masks, and flowers, through which he suggested emotionally charged atmospheres. Grau also produced murals, prints, stage sets, films, and especially sculptures. The first of these were assemblages of antique and industrial objects, but he subsequently made cast-bronze sculptures that convey a sensuousness, mystery, and nostalgia similar to that evoked by his paintings....

Article

Uruguayan, 19th century, male.

Born 26 September 1866, in Montevideo; died 26 August 1902, in Montevideo.

Painter, engraver. Military subjects.

Diogenes Hequet studied in Paris under the painter Truphème and the engraver Tauzin. He became famous in Uruguay for his National Events in which he retraces South America's major historical events....

Article

Uruguayan, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1949, in Montevideo.

Painter, sculptor, engraver. Figures, genre scenes, interiors.

The son of Basque immigrant parents, Ignacio de Iturria studied design and painting. He married in 1977 and moved to Spain, living in Barcelona in 1982. He returned to live in Montevideo from 1979 to 1982 and permanently in 1984....

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Born 8 March 1879, in Montevideo.

Painter, engraver. Landscapes.

Ernesto Laroche held a number of different positions in Uruguay, from teacher to director of the national fine arts museum. He painted the country of his birth, expressing his feelings through the landscape in paintings and watercolours....

Article

Sonia de Laforcade

(b Scalea, Cosenza, May 20, 1942).

Brazilian printmaker, draughtsman, installation artist, film maker, and sculptor of Italian birth. Maiolino moved to Brazil in April of 1960, after having spent six years in Caracas, Venezuela, where her family had emigrated from Italy. In 1961 she took a woodcut course with the prominent artist and teacher Ivan Serpa at the Museu de Arte Moderna in Rio de Janeiro, before enrolling the next year at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes, an important centre of woodcut art overseen by the printmaker Oswaldo Goeldi. There, Maiolino studied alongside Rubens Gerchman (1942–2008) and Antônio Dias, and together with these artists she was a key participant in the Brazilian New Figuration movement. Influenced by popular woodcuts from the north-east of Brazil, Maiolino’s woodcuts produced during the 1960s explored quotidian themes, often focusing on mass culture and the domestic sphere, as in Glu... Glu... Glu... (1967). In 1965 she began a parallel exploration of these themes in works made with found objects and upholstery. She contributed to two key exhibitions for Brazilian art in the 1960s, ...

Article

Colombian, 20th century, male.

Born 1929, in Neira.

Painter, engraver, film maker.

David Manzur studied painting in Bogotá, the USA, the Canary Isles and Canada. He first exhibited in 1953. Manzur took part in the From Bonnard to Baselitz: A Decade of Acquisitions by the Prints Collection 1978-1988...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Born 1894 or 1918, in Montevideo; died 1947, in Montevideo.

Sculptor, medallist, engraver, draughtsman, engraver. Monuments.

Peña began his studies at the Cercle de Bellas Artes in his native Montevideo. Having received a travel grant, he went to study with Anton Hanak in Vienna, and then with Antoine Bourdelle in Paris. Among his monuments are: ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Born 1935, in Rio Branco.

Painter, engraver, sculptor. Figures, landscapes.

Claudio Silveira-Silva studied at the Montevideo art school. In 1962 he won a grant enabling him to train in the Cami-Bercier studio in the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and then in the Friedlander studio. In ...