1-9 of 9 Results  for:

  • Modernism and International Style x
Clear all

Article

Bauhaus  

Rainer K. Wick

[Bauhaus Berlin; Bauhaus Dessau, Hochschule für Gestaltung; Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar]

German school of art, design and architecture, founded by Walter Gropius. It was active in Weimar from 1919 to 1925, in Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and in Berlin from 1932 to 1933, when it was closed down by the Nazi authorities. The Bauhaus’s name referred to the medieval Bauhütten or masons’ lodges. The school re-established workshop training, as opposed to impractical academic studio education. Its contribution to the development of Functionalism in architecture was widely influential. It exemplified the contemporary desire to form unified academies incorporating art colleges, colleges of arts and crafts and schools of architecture, thus promoting a closer cooperation between the practice of ‘fine’ and ‘applied’ art and architecture. The origins of the school lay in attempts in the 19th and early 20th centuries to re-establish the bond between artistic creativity and manufacturing that had been broken by the Industrial Revolution. According to Walter Gropius in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1871, in Perleberg (Brandenburg).

Sculptor, medallist. Busts.

Art Nouveau.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven). Darmstadt Artists' Colony.

Rudolf Bosselt studied in Frankfurt am Main and went on to work in Paris, Darmstadt and, from 1903, Düsseldorf. Rudolf Bosselt received an honourable mention at the ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 20 March 1877, in Lancy (Geneva); died 7 June 1942.

Painter (lacquer), decorative designer, coppersmith, sculptor.

Art Deco.

Jules John Dunand trained at the École des Arts Industriels in Geneva, along with the wood engraver François Louis Schmied, who would be his friend and collaborator for the rest of his life. Together, they went to work in Paris in 1897. Dunand was one of the artists employed to make groups of winged horses for the Pont Alexandre III, in readiness for the opening of the Exposition Universelle of 1900. He also managed to find time for his own work, and began exhibiting some quite conventional sculptures at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 16 May 1885, in Barth; died 23 December 1945, in Berlin.

Sculptor (bronze), medallist. Animals. Monuments (fountains).

Jugendstil, Art Deco.

Max Esser trained in wood sculpture at a young age and attended evening classes at the Kunstgewerbemuseum in Berlin. He was a pupil of, and assistant to, the animal sculptor August Gaul ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 July 1873, in Neuhaus; died 1948, in Dresden.

Sculptor, medallist. Religious subjects, figures, animals. Funerary monuments, designs (porcelain).

Art Deco.

Max Hermann Fritz was a student of Lorenz Hutschenreuther, and was active in Dresden from 1898. He carried out numerous sculptures for Hartau Church (including a ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 6 April 1860, in Ay; died 1945, in Paris.

Sculptor, glassmaker, worker in precious metals, decorative artist.

Art Nouveau, Art Deco.

René J. Lalique studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs. He gradually moved away from jewellery, an art which he nevertheless revolutionised, to become a master artist in glass in around ...

Article

Morgan Falconer

(b Manchester, July 5, 1953).

English painter and printmaker. He received an MFA from Goldsmiths’ College, London, in 1982. While his earliest work was entirely abstract, it bore the influence of Modernist collage, and in that it suggested a search for more direct systems of reference which resolved itself in a turn towards figurative painting in large canvases of the early 1980s. A residency at the National Gallery, London, in 1985 led to a series of works which drew on earlier sources: Deposition (1985; see 1986 exh. cat., p. 35) condensed one of Rembrandt’s versions of the subject to the image of the body being enclosed by the earth; such motifs dominated O’Donoghue’s work at this time. The picture also brought together elements that continued to appear in his later work: violent brushwork, a palette of starkly contrasting colours and religious themes. The Fires series (see 1989 exh. cat.) which followed retained these elements, though it marked a return to greater abstraction. In ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1897, in Paris; died October 1945, in Paris.

Sculptor, worker in precious metals.

Art Deco.

Union des Artistes Modernes group.

Puiforcat was a student of the sculptor Louis Lejeune and a founder member of the Union des Artistes Modernes. He produced gold and silver work in a minimalist style and revived the art of religious gold work. His sculptures include ...

Article

or Villani

French, Italian (?), 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 12 December 1858, in Lille, France, to Italian parents; died 28 August 1914, in Paris, France.

Sculptor, worker in bronze. Mythological figures, local figures. Statuettes, busts.

Art Nouveau.

Following the unification of Italy in 1861, Emmanuel Villanis returned to Italy and enrolled in the Accademia Albertina in Turin. He exhibited in Turin, Milan, and Rome. In 1885, he returned to France and settled in Montmartre. He exhibited at the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts from 1886 to 1910 and won an honourable mention at the 1892 Salon and the Exposition Universelle of 1899.

Villanis did not use the chryselephantine technique, but he sometimes combined materials and, particularly, different patinas.

Troyes (MBA): La Sibylle (bronze)

London, 15 Nov 1976: Carmen (bronze, h. 13¼ ins/33.5 cm) GBP 120

Paris, 18 June 1979: Judith (silver and dual patinated bronze...