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Roberta K. Tarbell

(b Cleveland, OH, May 10, 1885; d New York, Jan 14, 1964).

American sculptor and painter. Robus studied painting with Henry G. Keller (1869–1949) at the Cleveland School of Art (1903–7) and with Emil Carlsen and Edgar M. Ward (1839–1915) at the National Academy of Design, New York (1907–9). Robus supported himself by designing ivory and gold jewellery in the Cleveland Arts and Crafts Workshop of Horace Potter (1873–1948). In Paris (1912–14), Robus saw the Futurist exhibition in 1912, and studied clay modelling with Emile-Antoine Bourdelle at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière. He lived near Morgan Russell, Stanton Macdonald-Wright, and František Kupka and discussed with them their non-representational paintings. After 1918 Robus divided his time between New York and New City, NY, an artists’ colony. He depicted speed in Train in Motion (c. 1917–20; Washington, DC, Smithsonian Amer. A. Mus.) with parallel chevrons of saturated colours typical of his Cubo-Futurist paintings. In New York he taught design and painting at the Modern Art School (...



Diane Tepfer

American collectors. Lydia Winston [née Kahn] (b Detroit, MI, 13 Nov 1897; d New York, 14 Oct 1989), ceramicist and daughter of Albert Kahn, and her husband Harry Lewis Winston (d 1965) became the major collectors of Italian Futurist art outside Italy. Lydia Winston studied ceramics at the Cranbrook Academy of Art and for a short while designed ceramics for the Saarinen partnership. She began collecting in the late 1930s, supported enthusiastically by Harry Winston. In addition to the Futurists, she acquired (sometimes directly from the artists) major works by Léger (Seated Woman, 1912), Miró (the Brothers Fratellini, 1927), Brancusi (the Blonde Negress, 1933), Jackson Pollock (Moon Vessel, 1945) and Mondrian (Composition in Black and White with Blue Square, 1935), and a large body of work by Karel Appel and other Cobra artists. Several dealers and specialists guided her. Alfred Stieglitz instilled in her the concept of responsibility; she never sold or traded in art. Rose Fried, who ran the Pinacoteca Gallery in New York, first suggested in ...