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Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France from 1948.

Born 19 October 1927, in Brussels.

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist, engraver, illustrator, draughtsman. Artists’ books, wall decorations.

CoBrA group.

In 1944, Pierre Alechinsky was a pupil at the École d’Architecture et d’Arts in Brussels, interested in professions involving books, typography, and engraving. He always retained this preoccupation with the printed word and devoted a large part of his time to engraving, illustrating the books of poet friends, and writing himself. In 1947, he travelled to Morocco and Yugoslavia. That same year he began to exhibit in Brussels and became a member of the group Young Belgian Painting ( La Jeune Peinture Belge ). In 1948, he lived in Paris for the first time, and took part in the exhibition Dazzling Hands (Mains éblouies), held at the Galerie Maeght, which was dedicated to the arrival of the young second-generation abstract artists. At that time, Alechinsky belonged to the group CoBrA (standing for Copenhagen, Brussels, and Amsterdam). The group was formed during World War II, when several Danish artists succeeded in expressing their ideas in the ...


American, 20th century, male.

Born 13 November 1930, in Plainview (Georgia); died 10 November 2006, in New York (New York).

Painter, collage artist, installation artist, sculptor, photographer, illustrator, draughtsman, watercolourist, print artist. Figures, portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes, animals.

Black Emergency Cultural Coalition, Rhino Horn Group

African-American artist Benny Andrews was the second of ten children born to George and Viola Andrews in the small rural farming town of Plainview, Georgia. He served in the US Air Force during the Korean War. Upon his honorable discharge, Andrews moved to Chicago and studied at the Art Institute of Chicago, graduating with a BFA in 1958. He then moved to New York, where, in 1969, with Cliff Joseph and Valerie Maynard, he founded the Black Emergency Cultural Coalition (BECC), the aim of which was to force the major museums to include work by African-American artists in their shows. Andrews helped organize protests of several major museum shows including the Whitney Museum of American Art’s ...


French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 September 1886, in Strasbourg; died 7 June 1966, in Basel.

Collage artist, engraver, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, poet.


Der Moderne Bund, Dadaist groups in Zurich and Cologne, Artistes Radicaux, Das Neue Leben, Paris Surrealist Group, Abstraction-Création.

Hans Arp joined the École des Arts et Métiers in Strasbourg in 1902, at the age of 16. In 1903 he began painting and contributed to a local magazine. In 1904 he made his first trip to Paris. From 1905 to 1907 he studied under Ludwig von Hoffmann at the fine arts academy in Weimar, where he attended modern art exhibitions. He returned to Strasbourg, which his family then left for Weggis, on the edge of the Lac des Quatre Cantons in Switzerland. Between 1908 and 1910 he made a second trip to Paris and worked for a time at the Académie Julian. In Weggis he completed his first Abstract compositions and learned the art of modelling. In 1911 he co-founded the group...


American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 September 1911, in Charlotte (North Carolina); died 12 March 1988, in New York.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, lithographer, screen printer, engraver, collage artist, newspaper cartoonist, illustrator, art theorist. Religious subjects, figure compositions, local figures. Humorous cartoons, frontispieces, stage sets...


Italian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1951 also active in France.

Born 1922, in Pisa.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), lithographer, illustrator. Frontispieces.

Mec Art, Nouvelle Figuration.

Gruppo Nucleare.

Gianni Bertini was finishing a doctorate in mathematics when he began to paint. In 1947, he began, with a figurative phase, influenced by Post-Cubism and Expressionism, and soon evolved towards abstraction. Shortly before 1950, he moved to Milan, and then he settled in Paris in 1951. In 1957, he was part of the Espaces Imaginaires group set up by Pierre Restany. In 1985, he was decorated with the title of Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres....


British, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1963, in England.

Book artist, printmaker, graphic designer, installation artist, art director, writer, educator. Community art, environmental art.

After a Foundation course at Lanchester Polytechnic, Lanchester (1981–1982), Les Bicknell studied graphic design at the London College of Printing (...



Italian, 20th century, female.

Active also active in France.

Born 1926, in Rome.

Painter, collage artist, assemblage artist, lithographer, illustrator.

Bona studied at the art institute in Modena, and subsequently at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Venice. In 1947, she met the French Surrealist author, André Pieyre de Mandiargues, in Paris and married him. She was much influenced by her uncle, the Venetian painter De Pisis. She created collages, some made of sewn fabrics, using a variety of materials to create comic figues. An example is ...


German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1950.

Painter, lithographer, performance artist, photographer. Artists' books.


Wolf Adam Bottinelli trained at the art academy in Kassel. He appears to have a very free idea of the act of creation, which has brought him close to the ...


Italian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1947 mainly active in France.

Born 3 November 1911, in Fiesole, Tuscany; died February 1998.

Painter, collage artist, woodcut artist, illustrator. Designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics.

Groups: Arte d'Oggi, Espace.

Silvano Bozzolini studied art in Rome in 1928, continuing to study alone in Milan in the following year. In Florence, between 1931 and 1933, he studied the Tuscan Primitives, and was enthusiastic about the work of Masaccio, Giotto, Piero della Francesca and Uccello. In 1936, he enrolled at the art school there. From 1940 to 1943, he served in Mussolini's army in Albania, and subsequently in Greece, where he was wounded. Towards the end of the war, he joined the underground resistance. In 1946-1947, he became a member of the Arte d'Oggi (Art of Today) group. He visited Paris in 1947 and decided to settle there, becoming friends with the French painter, Jean Dewasne, the Hungarian painter, Victor Vasarely, and the French painter of Italian origin, Gilioli. He also met the Danes, Robert Mortensen and Egil Jacobsen, the Russian painter, Poliakoff, and in 1948 Jean Arp and Sonia Delaunay. He was also associated with Jean Deyrolle, and his fellow countryman, Alberto Magnelli, whose paintings were similar to his own. Thus he entered the circle of those artists who were to become the second abstractionist generation, becoming a member of their ...


Russian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Leningrad (now St Petersburg).

Painter (mixed media), engraver. Artists' books.

From 1954 to 1961 William Bruï attended the school of fine arts in Leningrad. In 1968 left the Soviet Union and travelled on several occasions around France and the USA....


French, 20th century, male.

Born 1907, in Nantes; died 8 May 1977, in Paris.

Painter (gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator.

Surrealist group.

Attracted by the Surrealist milieu, Camille Bryen gave up telegraphy in Nantes to go to Paris in 1926. Apparently, he was invited by André Breton. In 1927, he published his first collection of poetry, ...


French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 9 November 1965, in St-Maurice.

Painter (mixed media), engraver, illustrator. Figures.

Miguel Buceta studied graphic arts at the Berçot Studio in Paris and attended lectures by Cueco and Guignebert at the École des Beaux-Arts. He spent some time in Japan in ...


Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active since 1961 active in France.

Born 26 April 1922, in Haine-St-Pierre; died 27 September 2005, in Paris.

Sculptor, collage artist, photomontage artist, monotype artist, illustrator. Designs for jewellery, monuments.

Kinetic Art.

Groups: Hainaut Surrealist group, Haute Nuit, Madí, CoBrA.

Pol Bury first stayed in France between 1929 and 1932. In 1938 he attended the academy of fine arts in Mons. In 1940 he made his debut in Surrealism with a journal entitled ...


French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 24 February 1958.

Painter (including mixed media), collage artist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist. Stage sets.

Olivier de Cayron is a self-taught painter whose work betrays the influence of Pollock, Dubuffet and, on occasion, Michaux. In 1985, he was one of the co-founders of the ...


Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1971 and in the USA from 1980.

Born 1943, in Moscow.

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, lithographer, illustrator, sculptor. Scenes with figures, local scenes (carnival), still-lifes.


Mihail Chemiakin was the son of a soldier father and an actress mother. The family accompanied the father while he was stationed in Dresden between 1945 and 1957. On his return to Russia, Chemiakin enrolled in the Repin Institute, first studying sculpture, but was expelled from the school in 1959 for failing to conform to Socialist Realist demands. Thus, while continuing to produce art, he worked as a labourer to support himself from 1959 to 1971. In the USSR of that particular time, only artists producing work that complied with the directives of Socialist Realism and adopting a strict Academic style were entitled to exhibit their work and to receive a salary. Another, semi-clandestine style, however, was able to exist alongside this, whose protagonists not only needed to employ a good measure of ingenuity when it came to showing their work, but also in producing it, let alone making enough to live on....


Spanish, 20th century, male.

Also active in France.

Born 10 January 1924, in San Sebastián; died 19 August 2002, in San Sebastián.

Sculptor, collage artist, engraver, illustrator, draughtsman.

Eduardo Chillida began by studying architecture in Madrid in 1943 but abandoned his studies in 1947 to devote himself to drawing in a free academic style and then to sculpture. From 1948 to 1951, he lived in Paris where, between 1948 and 1949, he modelled in plaster and completed a clay Thinker. He then returned to San Sebastián where he married, returning to France shortly thereafter. In 1951, the couple travelled back to the Basque Country and set up their home in Hernani. In 1954, he was awarded the Graham Foundation Prize in Chicago; in 1958, the International Grand Prix for sculpture; in 1960, the Kandinsky Prize awarded by Nina Kandinsky to a young artist; in 1964, the Carnegie Sculpture Prize at the Pittsburgh International; in ...


French, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Lyons; died 8 April 1997, in Turkey, as the result of an accident.

Sculptor of assemblages, installation artist, collage artist, draughtsman, engraver, mixed media, illustrator, performance artist, designer, video artist. Multimedia, stage sets.

Land Art.

Jean Clareboudt studied at the École d'Arts Appliqués ...


Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1939.

Born 5 April 1913, in Barcelona; died 30 August 2005, in St-Tropez.

Painter (including gouache), collage artist, mixed media, sculptor, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Scenes with figures, figures, animals, landscapes, still-lifes. Stage sets, designs for tapestries.

Clavé did not benefit from any special training. While working as a house painter he attended evening classes at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Barcelona. By 1926, he was starting to do illustrations for children's magazines, cinema posters and stage sets. By 1934, he was already using printed fabrics, newspaper, and string collages in promotional materials. Twenty years later he would return to these processes in his paintings....


French, 20th century, male.

Born 29 June 1886, in Paris; died 8 July 1972, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), pastellist, engraver, illustrator. Scenes with figures, figures, nudes, portraits, still-lifes (flowers/fruit). Church decoration, murals, banknotes.

Clément-Serveau studied in Paris at the École des Arts Decoratifs and under Luc-Olivier Merson at the École des Beaux-Arts, where he was awarded the Chenavard Prize. He began as a Realist but demonstrated an acute awareness of current art trends at the turn of the century. As a friend of Louis Marcoussis, he was not unaffected by Cubism; this is most evident in his dense composition, the superimposition of various 'screens', and the overall reduction of form to geometric shapes, all of which are hallmarks of his style between 1930 and 1950. He subsequently turned to Abstraction, yet contrived to sustain a highly personal sense of harmony and balance in his compositions.He painted outsize mural decorations, notably ...


British, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1952, in London.

Printmaker (etching, lithography, screenprinting, digital printmaking), sculptor, curator, writer, educator. Installation art, artists’ books.

Paul Coldwell completed foundation studies at Canterbury College of Art in 1972, before studying fine art at Bristol Polytechnic (1972–1975) and printmaking at the Slade School of Art. He was head of printmaking at the Byam Shaw School of Art, then Camberwell College of Art and Crafts, before becoming Professor at Chelsea College of Art & Design....