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American, 20th century, male.

Born 13 November 1930, in Plainview (Georgia); died 10 November 2006, in New York (New York).

Painter, collage artist, installation artist, sculptor, photographer, illustrator, draughtsman, watercolourist, print artist. Figures, portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes, animals.

Black Emergency Cultural Coalition, Rhino Horn Group

African-American artist Benny Andrews was the second of ten children born to George and Viola Andrews in the small rural farming town of Plainview, Georgia. He served in the US Air Force during the Korean War. Upon his honorable discharge, Andrews moved to Chicago and studied at the Art Institute of Chicago, graduating with a BFA in 1958. He then moved to New York, where, in 1969, with Cliff Joseph and Valerie Maynard, he founded the Black Emergency Cultural Coalition (BECC), the aim of which was to force the major museums to include work by African-American artists in their shows. Andrews helped organize protests of several major museum shows including the Whitney Museum of American Art’s ...


French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 September 1886, in Strasbourg; died 7 June 1966, in Basel.

Collage artist, engraver, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, poet.


Der Moderne Bund, Dadaist groups in Zurich and Cologne, Artistes Radicaux, Das Neue Leben, Paris Surrealist Group, Abstraction-Création.

Hans Arp joined the École des Arts et Métiers in Strasbourg in 1902, at the age of 16. In 1903 he began painting and contributed to a local magazine. In 1904 he made his first trip to Paris. From 1905 to 1907 he studied under Ludwig von Hoffmann at the fine arts academy in Weimar, where he attended modern art exhibitions. He returned to Strasbourg, which his family then left for Weggis, on the edge of the Lac des Quatre Cantons in Switzerland. Between 1908 and 1910 he made a second trip to Paris and worked for a time at the Académie Julian. In Weggis he completed his first Abstract compositions and learned the art of modelling. In 1911 he co-founded the group...


Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active since 1961 active in France.

Born 26 April 1922, in Haine-St-Pierre; died 27 September 2005, in Paris.

Sculptor, collage artist, photomontage artist, monotype artist, illustrator. Designs for jewellery, monuments.

Kinetic Art.

Groups: Hainaut Surrealist group, Haute Nuit, Madí, CoBrA.

Pol Bury first stayed in France between 1929 and 1932. In 1938 he attended the academy of fine arts in Mons. In 1940 he made his debut in Surrealism with a journal entitled ...


Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1971 and in the USA from 1980.

Born 1943, in Moscow.

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, lithographer, illustrator, sculptor. Scenes with figures, local scenes (carnival), still-lifes.


Mihail Chemiakin was the son of a soldier father and an actress mother. The family accompanied the father while he was stationed in Dresden between 1945 and 1957. On his return to Russia, Chemiakin enrolled in the Repin Institute, first studying sculpture, but was expelled from the school in 1959 for failing to conform to Socialist Realist demands. Thus, while continuing to produce art, he worked as a labourer to support himself from 1959 to 1971. In the USSR of that particular time, only artists producing work that complied with the directives of Socialist Realism and adopting a strict Academic style were entitled to exhibit their work and to receive a salary. Another, semi-clandestine style, however, was able to exist alongside this, whose protagonists not only needed to employ a good measure of ingenuity when it came to showing their work, but also in producing it, let alone making enough to live on....


Spanish, 20th century, male.

Also active in France.

Born 10 January 1924, in San Sebastián; died 19 August 2002, in San Sebastián.

Sculptor, collage artist, engraver, illustrator, draughtsman.

Eduardo Chillida began by studying architecture in Madrid in 1943 but abandoned his studies in 1947 to devote himself to drawing in a free academic style and then to sculpture. From 1948 to 1951, he lived in Paris where, between 1948 and 1949, he modelled in plaster and completed a clay Thinker. He then returned to San Sebastián where he married, returning to France shortly thereafter. In 1951, the couple travelled back to the Basque Country and set up their home in Hernani. In 1954, he was awarded the Graham Foundation Prize in Chicago; in 1958, the International Grand Prix for sculpture; in 1960, the Kandinsky Prize awarded by Nina Kandinsky to a young artist; in 1964, the Carnegie Sculpture Prize at the Pittsburgh International; in ...


French, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Lyons; died 8 April 1997, in Turkey, as the result of an accident.

Sculptor of assemblages, installation artist, collage artist, draughtsman, engraver, mixed media, illustrator, performance artist, designer, video artist. Multimedia, stage sets.

Land Art.

Jean Clareboudt studied at the École d'Arts Appliqués ...


Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1939.

Born 5 April 1913, in Barcelona; died 30 August 2005, in St-Tropez.

Painter (including gouache), collage artist, mixed media, sculptor, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Scenes with figures, figures, animals, landscapes, still-lifes. Stage sets, designs for tapestries.

Clavé did not benefit from any special training. While working as a house painter he attended evening classes at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Barcelona. By 1926, he was starting to do illustrations for children's magazines, cinema posters and stage sets. By 1934, he was already using printed fabrics, newspaper, and string collages in promotional materials. Twenty years later he would return to these processes in his paintings....


British, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1952, in London.

Printmaker (etching, lithography, screenprinting, digital printmaking), sculptor, curator, writer, educator. Installation art, artists’ books.

Paul Coldwell completed foundation studies at Canterbury College of Art in 1972, before studying fine art at Bristol Polytechnic (1972–1975) and printmaking at the Slade School of Art. He was head of printmaking at the Byam Shaw School of Art, then Camberwell College of Art and Crafts, before becoming Professor at Chelsea College of Art & Design....


American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 1957, in Concord (New Hampshire), United States.

Painter, sculptor, collage artist, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver, screen printer, illustrator. Stage sets.

Neo-Expressionism, Citationism.

George Condo is an American artist who lived in Paris before moving to New York in the early 1980s. There, he met Andy Warhol, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat, and Keith Haring, and he worked with Beat Generation authors William S. Burroughs and Allen Ginsberg. In 1999 he received an award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

Condo remains traditional in his choice of mediums, using only oil, charcoal, pastel, and collage, although his manner is extremely spirited. His art is a type of condensation of much contemporary pictorial art and may just as easily be inspired by Japanese landscapes from the late 19th century as by works by Matta or Masson, Velazquez’s Las Meninas – already revisited by Picasso – or the motifs of Matisse. There are also homages to forgotten painters like Basquiat and even comic book heroes and advertisements. The great diversity of his subjects and styles does not detract from the quality of his paintings, which are intended to be as anonymous as the products in a supermarket....


French, 20th century, male.

Born 2 July 1931, in Paris.

Engraver, collage artist, draughtsman, sculptor, illustrator.

Dorny started his training in the studio of Othon Friesz in 1948, and continued it in the studio of André Lhote in 1952. He started as a painter and in ...


American, 20th century, male.

Active in Belgium.

Born 1940, in New Jersey.

Sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist, collage artist, photographer, screen printer, video artist. Artists’ books.

Peter Downsbrough lives and works between New York and Brussels. His works, founded on concepts of spatiality and temporality, are intended for the urban environment in the form of installations, sculptures, books, collages, photographs, screen prints, postcards and films. Since the 1960s he has been producing three-dimensional works, exploring various materials in a serial process. In the 1970s he enlarged these two concepts to include notions of movement and space, notably in the series ...


French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 November 1943, in Paris.

Sculptor, painter, engraver, illustrator, installation artist.

Claude Faivre studied in Paris at the École des Arts Appliqués, the École Normale Supérieure de l'Enseignement Technique, and at the École des Beaux-Arts. In 1979, he won a research scholarship. He has homes in Clamart and La Roche-Posay, and teaches at the École des Beaux-Arts d'Orléans....


Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Vienna.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, sculptor, collage artist, decorative designer. Scenes with figures, figures. Stage sets.

Groups: Hundsgruppe (Dog’s group), Phantastischer Realismus group.

Ernst Fuchs enrolled at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna in 1945. From 1946 to 1950, he was a pupil of Gütersloh, whom Salvador Dalí considered the most important painter of his time (after himself). In around 1950, he was one of the founders of the Viennese ...


French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Marcilly-sur-Eure from 1984.

Born 10 March 1946, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), installation artist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, figure compositions, genre scenes, portraits, nudes, landscapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations, stage sets.

Nouvelle Figuration.

Gérard Garouste was mostly self-taught. He went to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris for a brief period in ...


Canadian, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 19 March 1923, in Montreal; died 1 December 2008, in Montreal.

Painter, sculptor, draughtswoman, engraver, installation artist, mixed media artist, illustrator.

Betty Goodwin studied printmaking with Yves Gaucher at Sir George Williams University (Concordia University) in the late 1960s but was otherwise self-taught. She started painting in the late 1940s, portraying still lifes and multi-figure life scenes from the Jewish east side of Montreal through the early 1960s. At the end of this decade she began experimenting with printmaking by pressing gloves, vests, and other items of clothing or litter directly onto the copper etching plate. She then created her ...


American, 20th century, male.

Born 1931, in New York.

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist, draughtsman, print artist, sculptor, illustrator. Figure compositions, figures, nudes, landscapes. Murals.

Spiral Group.

Alvin Hollingsworth was born into a family of West Indian origin. He studied at the Art Students League and New York City College, graduating in ...


Czechoslovak, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1967.

Born 1932.

Collage artist, assemblage artist, mixed media, sculptor, engraver, illustrator.

Frantisek Janula studied at the school of decorative art in Prague from 1949 to 1955 and later, in 1967-1968, at the École Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris....


American, 20th century, male.

Born 15 May 1930, in Allendale (South Carolina) or Augusta (Georgia).

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, printmaker, mixed media, costume and set designer, illustrator. Encaustic.

Neo-Dadaism, Pop Art.

Jasper Johns grew up in South Carolina. He attended courses in art and painting at the University of South Carolina and, in 1948, enrolled in a commercial art school for two semesters in New York City. He served in the US Army for two years during the Korean War but was able to resume his studies at City College in New York in 1953, thanks to the GI Bill. It was at this time that he met his lifelong friend Robert Rauschenberg, the composer John Cage, and the dancer Merce Cunningham. He acted as artistic adviser for Cage and Cunningham’s dance company until 1972, collaborating with painters such as Robert Morris, Frank Stella, Bruce Nauman, and Andy Warhol. He lives and works in New York State and St Martin in the French West Indies. He has been a member of the New York Academy of Arts and Letters since 1988....


French, 20th century, male.

Born 22 October 1918, in Le Puy-en-Velay.

Sculptor, collage artist, designer, engraver, illustrator. Figures, bestiaries.

Philippe Kaeppelin was the father of Dominique Kaeppelin. He carved figures and produced a bestiary in lead, copper and bronze. He received many commissions for church works, including: the churches of Ponthierry and St-Laurent-au-Puy; the cathedral of Notre-Dame in Puy-en-Velay; the oratory of St-Gabriel and the chapel of St-Clair in the small village of Aiguilhe (near Le Puy); the church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem; and the parish church of St-Germain-l'Auxerrois. Much of his work consists of decorating altars with gilded lead figures. He also produced decorative work for French high schools (the girls' high school in Le Puy and the Lycée de Meaux, among others), specialising in brass birds. Kaeppelin illustrated the ...


Polish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1925.

Born 27 June 1921, in Warsaw.

Painter (gouache/mixed media), sculptor, engraver, illustrator, decorative artist. Designs for tapestries, designs for mosaics.

Ladislas Kijno made his first pictorial experiments while studying philosophy at the University of Lille between 1941 and 1945. In 1950 he founded the ...