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Dutch, 17th century, male.

Born 1583, in Brussels; died 1660, in Frankfurt am Main.

Painter, engraver, archaeologist.

Frankenthal School.

Hendrik van der Borcht the Elder left his native country with his parents in 1586, because of war, and went to Germany, where he was the pupil of Gillis von Valkenburg. According to other biographers, he was the pupil of the elderly Martin von Valkenburg, in Frankfurt. Later he went to Italy, where he devoted himself to archaeology. He lived until 1627 in Frankenthal, and thereafter in Frankfurt am Main. He had also been to England. The engravings for which he is remembered include: ...


British, 19th century, male.

Active in Edinburgh.

Died 1820, in Cramlington.

Engraver, archaeologist.

Adam de Cardonnel produced 20 plates for Numismata Scotiae, published in Edinburgh in 1786, and one plate for Picturesque Antiquities of Scotland (London 1788-1793).


Joshua Drapkin

(b Azay-le-Ferron, Indre, June 3, 1756; d Versailles, Nov 1, 1827).

French draughtsman, engraver, sculptor and archaeologist. He received instruction in drawing from Joseph-Marie Vien, Jean-Jacques Lagrenée and Jean-Baptiste Le Prince. In 1778 he departed for Italy, where he developed his landscape draughtsmanship and his passion for antiquity. He travelled incessantly, recording everything he saw and venturing out from Rome to Venice, Naples and Sicily. An example of the numerous drawings he produced is the Ruins of the Baths of Titus Seen from the Colosseum (Paris, Ecole N. Sup. B.-A.). In 1782 a group of amateurs, under the patronage of Emperor Joseph II, commissioned from him a series of views of the Istrian and Dalmatian coast; these were eventually published in J. Lavallée’s Voyage pittoresque et historique de l’Istrie et de la Dalmatie. After a brief spell in France, Cassas followed Marie-Gabriel, Comte de Choiseul-Gouffier, to his new ambassadorial post in Constantinople in 1784. He subsequently visited Syria, Egypt, Palestine, Cyprus and Asia Minor, recording his impressions of Alexandria, Cairo, Smyrna, the Temple of Diana (Artemis) at Ephesos and the Palmyra and Baalbek ruins. Many of the 250 drawings dating from this trip were of hitherto unrecorded sights. With Choiseul’s assistance Cassas published these works in the ...


Esther Acevedo

(b Hoxton, London, 1799; d at sea nr. Terranova, 1854).

English draftsman and printmaker, active also in Mexico. He studied architecture at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in London and continued his studies in Rome. Active in the Middle East, he made drawings of antiquities in Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the Holy Land. At the end of the 1830s, Catherwood worked for an architecture studio in the USA. During the assemblage of an exhibition about his first works, he met the American archaeologist John Lloyd Stephens (1805–1852), who proposed to travel with him to Yucatan.

Catherwood accompanied Stephens on two trips to Mexico. On the first one, in 1839–1840, he undertook the task of drawing the archaeological ruins of Palenque, Uxmal, Copan, and other places or monuments specified by Stephens. Under the terms of his contract, Stephens became the owner of the original drawings, with the right to reproduce them. The monuments were captured with great precision down to the minutest details. On their second trip, in ...


French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 14 September 1753, in Clermont-en-Beauvaisis; died 12 March 1838, in Smyrna.

Draughtsman, painter, engraver, archaeologist.

Fauvel is known to have produced an engraving in colour, as well as The Philosopher after Janinet and a Portrait of the Poet Delille...


British, 18th century, male.

Born 21 October 1735, in London; died 20 February 1809, in London.

Engraver (etching), draughtsman, archaeologist.

Richard Gough drew and engraved etchings during his frequent archaeological journeys.

Oxford (Bodleian Library): sketches, artist's legacy


Swiss, 19th century, male.

Born 26 December 1807, in Hanau (Hesse); died 11 October 1875, in Geneva.

Draughtsman, engraver, archaeologist.

Hermann Hammann wrote and illustrated Memories of a Journey in Switzerland, Geneva 1860, Artistic and Archaeological Portfolio of Switzerland, Geneva 1846, as well as other books. He also illustrated various publications, including ...


Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1772, in Volterra; died 17 May 1846, in La Badia di Fiesole.

Draughtsman, engraver, archaeologist. Architectural views.

Florence (Uffizi): View of the Royal Villa in Careggi (drawing)


French, 19th century, male.

Born 1788, in Paris; died April 1850, in Eu (Seine-Maritime).

Painter, lithographer, archaeologist.

Jean Baptiste Joseph Jorand was a pupil of Fragonard the Younger, Baron Gros and Pillement. His genre subjects were exhibited at the Salon from 1810 to 1849.

Rouen (MBA): ...


French, 19th century, male.

Born 3 August 1777, in Pont-de-l'Arche; died 29 September 1837, in Rouen.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, archaeologist. Landscapes.

Eustache Langlois studied under Laumonnier and David. He was imprisoned during the Revolution and it was the patronage of Dupont de l'Eure that secured his freedom. Later when he was conscripted into the military he managed to obtain permission to leave thanks to the intervention of Joséphine Bonaparte. He settled in Rouen, was appointed as a teacher at the town's École des Beaux-Arts and had a strong influence over the artists in that region. He used his considerable talent as a watercolour artist to produce paintings of the beautiful artistic features and archeological sites of the ancient capital of Normandy. He himself published and illustrated ...


Danish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 22 December 1822, in Copenhagen; died 26 September 1911, in Copenhagen.

Painter, engraver (etching), archaeologist. Animals.

Andreas Peter Madsen worked on the decoration of the Thorvaldsen Museum, and exhibited animal paintings from 1846. He painted frescoes at the school of agriculture and the zoological museum in Copenhagen. He executed etchings of landscapes, animals and portraits. He illustrated his archaeological works himself....


German, 19th century, male.

Born 1807, in Berlin.

Draughtsman, lithographer, archaeologist. Architectural views.


Irish, 19th century, male.

Born 1798, in Clonell; died 12 December 1880, in Dublin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, archaeologist.

Henry O'Neill became an artist at a very early age and settled in Dublin as a portrait painter and engraver. He also worked as an illustrator and his best-known work is ...


Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 17 August 1729, in Faenza; died 2 April 1799, in Naples.

Painter, sculptor, engraver (burin), art writer, archaeologist. Religious subjects, portraits.

A pupil of Graziani, Nicola Passeri worked mainly in Naples. Several of his paintings are found in churches in Faenza. In Naples he published ...


John Wilton-Ely


(b Mogliano, nr Mestre, Oct 4, 1720; d Rome, Nov 9, 1778).

Italian etcher, engraver, designer, architect, archaeologist and theorist. He is considered one of the supreme exponents of topographical engraving, but his lifelong preoccupation with architecture was fundamental to his art. Although few of his architectural designs were executed, he had a seminal influence on European Neo-classicism through personal contacts with architects, patrons and visiting artists in Rome over the course of nearly four decades. His prolific output of etched plates, which combined remarkable flights of imagination with a strongly practical understanding of ancient Roman technology, fostered a new and lasting perception of antiquity. He was also a designer of festival structures and stage sets, interior decoration and furniture, as well as a restorer of antiquities. The interaction of this rare combination of activities led him to highly original concepts of design, which were advocated in a body of influential theoretical writings. The ultimate legacy of his unique vision of Roman civilization was an imaginative interpretation and re-creation of the past, which inspired writers and poets as much as artists and designers....


Russian, 19th century, male.

Born 28 February 1818, in Orel; died 18 June 1882, in Peterhof.

Draughtsman, lithographer, archaeologist.

Vasili Aleksandrovich Prokhorov studied at the art academy of St Petersburg, and was the curator of the archaeological museum in the town.


British, 19th century, male.

Born 16 December 1820, in London; died 19 April 1895, in London.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver (etching), archaeologist.

George Scharf was the son of a father of the same name. He studied at the Royal Academy Schools in 1838 and immediately started giving lessons in drawing and composition. In ...


[Joannes; Joannis] (Gerhard)

(b Strasbourg, Feb 2, 1621; d Uppsala, March 26, 1679).

Swedish philologist, archaeologist, amateur draughtsman, engraver and miniature painter, of Alsatian birth. In 1647 he was appointed professor at Uppsala University, where he undertook important archaeological research and translations of classical texts, some of which were illustrated with woodcuts after his designs. His Upsalia (1666) is the first Swedish antiquarian topographical survey. Internationally renowned for his study of the Lapps, Lapponia (1673), he also wrote a treatise on the history and technique of painting entitled Graphice id est de arte pingendi (1669); he is reputed to have painted miniatures, but none by him have been traced. His importance in Swedish art history rests partly on his having taught Elias Brenner (1647–1717), the first native Swedish miniature and enamel painter. Schefferus’ De antiquis verisque (1678) was dedicated to Charles XI of Sweden.

Upsalia cujus occasione plurima in religione, sacris, festis (Uppsala, 1666)...


British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 October 1853, in Old Alresford; died 21 December 1940, in South Gorley.

Engraver (etching), illustrator, textile designer, archaeologist. Scenes with figures.

George Heywood Maunoir Sumner trained as a lawyer but chose to pursue a career in art. He lived and worked in London, where he played an important role in the revival of wood engraving. He was a member of the Fitzroy Picture Society, through whom he published reproductions of his prints. He exhibited in London from ...


French, 19th century, male.

Born 23 August 1805, in Brussels, to French parents; died 8 December 1861, in Moulins (Allier).

Painter, archaeologist, lithographer.

Tudot was a pupil of Baron Gros and exhibited at the Salon from 1833 to 1853. He founded the art school in Moulins and taught there. He also wrote and illustrated several manuals on drawing and composition....