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French, 19th century, male.

Active in the middle of the 19th century.

Draughtsman, designer of ornamental architectural features, engraver (etching), print publisher.


(b Bayreuth, Oct 8, 1799; d Gleichenberg, June 16, 1863).

Austrian architect, publisher and teacher. In 1818 he went to Vienna to study at the academy. Although Förster pursued an academic career at the academy, as a lecturer (1820–26) and professor of architecture (1842–5), his influence was due mainly to his great ability as a publisher and his untiring work on the urban reorganization of Vienna. In 1836 he founded the Allgemeine Bauzeitung (1836), one of the earliest 19th-century architectural journals. Given the rigid spirit of politics and the arts in Vienna at that time, the Bauzeitung was a bold enterprise, but it succeeded in establishing a long-desired contact with architectural trends in western Europe and in introducing historicist architecture in Vienna and throughout the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Förster’s contribution to the planning of the expansion of Vienna also began in 1836, when he presented his first design. He continued to produce proposals for Vienna until the international competition in ...


Eva Börsch-Supan

(b Berlin, Sept 25, 1801; d Berlin, May 29, 1865).

German architect. He introduced the forms of the Schinkel school into Berlin’s private housing. He studied at the Berlin Bauakademie (1819–28), but in 1824, when the Bauakademie was separated from Akademie der Künste, Knoblauch and his friend Friedrich August Stüler founded the Architekten-Verein zu Berlin, to make up for the loss in artistic instruction. His numerous private houses (as many as 50 between 1830 and 1850), were mostly in an Italianate style, amongst them the Villa Knoblauch (1835) at Potsdamer Strasse 105, a square block with gables on two sides; the Villa Hänel (1839), a symmetrical building with belvedere and roof terrace; the Villa Pflug (1859) at Alt-Moabit 117–8, with interiors by Bernard Kolscher; the Palais Arnim-Boytzenburg (1857) at Pariser Platz 4; and the Russian Embassy (1840–41; destr. 1945) at Unter den Linden 7. Other buildings included the Weidinger hospital (...


German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1749, in Dresden; died 1815, in Dresden.

Enameller, engraver (burin), print publisher.

Morasch engraved notably architectural views, perspectives and sketches of folk costumes.