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Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 24 March 1859, in Angers; died 1941, in Angers.

Painter, decorative artist, lithographer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, genre scenes. Designs for stained glass.

He was a pupil of Ernest Hebert and Luc-Olivier Merson at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Between ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 25 July 1869, in Valence; died 2 February 1948, in Nice.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver (including etching). Genre scenes, portraits, landscapes. Wall decorations, frescoes, designs for mosaics, stained glass windows, ornaments.

Having attended classes at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 31 July 1863, in Rolle (Vaud); died 1948, in Lausanne.

Painter, engraver, decorative artist. Figure compositions, figures, portraits. Murals, designs for stained glass, furniture.

Art Nouveau.

Ernest Bieler was the uncle of André Charles Bieler. He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris under Jules Lefebvre and Gustave Boulanger. He divided his time between the mountainous regions of the Valais and the shores of Lake Geneva; his body of work evokes the everyday life of the peasant communities in the Valais and the Canton of Vaud at the beginning of the twentieth century. Bieler was commissioned to paint compositions for the ceiling of the Victoria hall in Geneva; decorative panels and windows for the federal government building in Bern; stained glass windows for the Vevey church of St-Martin; and decorations for the vintners' festival. Additionally, he exhibited woodcut engravings and designed furniture....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 12 February 1828, in Lyons; died 1913.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes. Frescoes, designs for stained glass.

Paul Borel was a pupil of Louis Janmot. After 1863 Borel ceased to exhibit and began to decorate churches and chapels: he painted his frescoes unaided, and was unwilling to accept any payment for his work. His decorative works from this period include ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 6 September 1868, in Paris, to Belgian and Dutch parents; died 26 November 1943, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, designer. Scenes with figures, figures, landscapes. Designs for tapestries, and stained glass windows.

Symbolism, Japonisme, Art Nouveau...

Article

Swedish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 November 1872, in Stockholm; died 1959.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist. Figures, portraits, landscapes with figures, still-lifes (including flowers/fruit). Wall decorations, designs for stained glass.

Gustav Olof Hjortzberg studied at the Stockholm academy from 1892 to 1896. He spent seven years travelling in France, Italy, Spain, Greece and Asia. After returning to Stockholm, he was professor of drawing at the academy from 1911 to 1917, and later its director from 1920 to 1941. Between 1921 and 1938, he instituted a school of decorative arts at the academy. He took part in group exhibitions, including the ...

Article

Dutch, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1868 or 1869, in Amsterdam; died 1938, in Amsterdam.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, fresco artist. Designs for stained glass, murals.

Symbolism, Constructivism.

Holst studied at the Hogeschool voor de Kunsten in Amsterdam from 1885 until 1890 and taught there ...

Article

(b Amsterdam, Dec 4, 1868; d Bloemendaal, Dec 31, 1938).

Dutch painter, printmaker, illustrator, writer and stained-glass artist. He trained at the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam (1886–90), under the directorship of August Allebé. Having initially painted and drawn Impressionistic landscapes, he started working in the ’t Gooi region in 1892, where, influenced by Vincent van Gogh and Jan Toorop, he made a number of Symbolist drawings and lithographs. In 1896 he married the Dutch writer Henriette van der Schalk. They both devoted themselves to the recently founded Sociaal Democratische Arbeiders Partij. In the years up to c. 1900 Holst produced among other things a series of lithographs of political cartoons with socialist content, as well as serene landscapes and paintings of girls from the village of Huizen. His allegorical murals (1902; in situ), on topics such as ‘Industry’ or ‘Commerce’, in the new Koopmansbeurs in Amsterdam by H. P. Berlage (1876–1903), marked an important point in his career as his first opportunity to construct a monumental piece of work. Partly inspired by the murals in the town hall at ’s Hertogenbosch by Antoon Derkinderen, he developed a tight, stylized type of design, which he believed to be ideal for visually representing idealistic and exalted thoughts. In his murals (...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1 May 1874, in Nuremberg; died 30 July 1924, in Nuremberg.

Painter, glass painter, engraver. Landscapes.

Georg Kellner received commissions in the Nuremberg area for the church in Wieseth and the castle in Roth.

Article

(b Long Eaton, Derbys, Aug 4, 1877; d London, July 7, 1970).

English painter and designer. She studied at Nottingham College of Art from 1889. In 1894 the deaths of her mother and grandmother left her dependent on her own earnings, and she taught art from a studio in the Castle Rooms, Nottingham. From 1903 she exhibited regularly at the Royal Academy, London, and in the same year married the painter Harold Knight (1874–1961); they lived in an artists’ community in Staithes, north Yorkshire, until 1907, also spending time in another community in Laren, Netherlands. They then moved to Newlyn, Cornwall, attracted by the presence of a number of prominent artists. The couple exhibited together at the Leicester Galleries, London, in 1912. Although Knight painted various subjects, her reputation was founded on paintings of the ballet and the circus, which became predominant after she moved to London. Technically of a high standard, her narrative realist works were painted in bright colours and have limited depth of expression (e.g. ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 24 June 1848, in Dresden; died 15 July 1914, in Berlin.

Painter, engraver. Designs (glassware).

Jugendstil.

After studying chemistry, Karl Koepping studied painting at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Munich and engraving with Charles Albert Waltner in Paris. He started out as a painter and engraver in Munich. In ...

Article

Czech, 20th century, male.

Born 1916, in Turnov.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, ceramicist. Designs for stained glass.

Group 42.

Jan Kotik was a pupil of the school of arts and crafts in Prague from 1935 to 1941. He took part in the activities of Group 42...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 10 February 1860, in New York; died 22 February 1942, in Cresskill (New Jersey).

Painter, fresco artist, engraver. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Charles Rollinson Lamb trained at the Art Students League in New York, and later became its president. He was the brother of the Frederick Stymetz Lamb, and worked with him in the family's stained glass workshop, founded in ...

Article

Dutch, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 26 November 1876, in Utrecht; died 1958, in Blaricum-Amsterdam.

Painter, potter, lithographer. Murals, designs for stained glass.

Groups: De Stijl, Abstraction-Création.

Bart van der Leck started out working for various glassmakers in his native Utrecht before going on to attend the college of industrial arts (where he studied under A.J. van der Kinderen) and then the royal academy of fine arts in Amsterdam. He lived in Amersfoort ...

Article

Lija Skalska-Miecik

(b Ropczyce, nr Rzeszów, March 19, 1869; d Wadowice, nr Kraków, July 8, 1946).

Polish painter, printmaker and decorative artist. From 1887 he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Kraków under Władysław Łuszczkiewicz (1828–1900) and Jan Matejko. In 1889 Mehoffer and Stanisław Wyspiański, as the two most talented pupils of the School, were engaged to assist Matejko in his decorative wall paintings for the Gothic Church of St Mary in Kraków. This work aroused Mehoffer’s interest in both fresco and stained glass. In 1889–90 he studied at the Kunstakademie, Vienna, and in 1891 he travelled through Salzburg, Innsbruck and Basle (where the work of Arnold Böcklin caught his imagination), eventually going to Paris. There he studied at the Académie Colarossi, at the Ecole Nationale des Arts Décoratifs and, from 1892, in the atelier of Léon Bonnat at the Ecole Nationale des Beaux-Arts. During his stay in Paris (1891–6) he devoted much time to studying works by the Old Masters in the Louvre; he also studied architecture, making a tour of medieval cathedrals in France in ...

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 19 April 1869, in Ropczyce; died 1946, in Wadowice.

Painter, engraver. Allegorical subjects, portraits, interiors, still-lifes, landscapes. Stage sets, church decoration, designs for stained glass.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Józef Mehoffer studied at the Cracow academy from 1887 to 1889...

Article

Aude Pessey-Lux

(b Paris, March 14, 1856; d Corneilla-de-Conflent, Pyrénées-Orientales, Nov 26, 1929).

French painter, wood-engraver and stained-glass designer. He enrolled in Paris at the Académie Julian in 1874 and the Académie Colarossi in 1882, attending the latter until World War I in order to work from live models. In 1880 he unsuccessfully submitted a landscape to the Salon in Paris; consequently he did no serious painting for several years. Having built his own boat, he went sailing in the western Mediterranean (1882–5). During the voyage he wrote seafaring tales that appeared in Le Yacht (1883–5) accompanied by his own illustrations. After returning to Paris, in 1887 he met Gauguin, with whom he became close friends. That year he painted his first finished canvases, views of Catalonia and the Languedoc, inspired by Neo-Impressionism (e.g. Church at Angoustrine, 1887; Paris, Mus. d’Orsay). At this time he also painted portraits of his first wife and of his friends. In 1894 he completed some interior designs with his friend ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 26 July 1862, in Stourbridge; died 18 March 1926, in Stratford-upon-Avon.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Genre scenes.

Louis Fairfax Muckley was the son of a glassmaker, and was undoubtedly related to William Jabez Muckley, a glassmaker and also an established painter of flowers and genre scenes who taught at various art schools. Louis Fairfax Muckley began studying when he was about nineteen years old, and continued for a period of six or seven years. He was a pupil at the Manchester School of Art, and it seems that during this period Burne-Jones visited the school and noticed him. He lived in Stourbridge (...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 10 November 1862, in Bern; died 17 September 1929, in Bern.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, designer. Designs for stained glass.

Rudolf Munger was taught by K. Gebhardt and Ludwig Schmid-Reutte in Bern and attended the Académie Julian in Paris. He decorated school rooms, museums and inns with his paintings as well as executing cartoons for the glass in a number of Swiss churches. He also produced illustrations....