Danish, 20th – 21st century, male.
Active in Germany.
Born 1967, in Copenhagen, to Icelandic parents.
Installation artist, environmental artist, photographer, painter, sculptor.
From 1989 to 1995, Olafur Eliasson attended the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi in Copenhagen. He lives and works in Berlin. He designs and makes large-scale installations and environments with the help of very simple, ephemeral materials, and his works themselves are ephemeral. He manipulates light, heat, humidity, steam, and ice to create artificial settings: a rainbow entitled Beauty (1993), an ice fountain, a waterfall, and a geyser outside the Carnegie International in Pittsburgh entitled Your Natural Denudation Inverted (1999). In 2000, he exhibited an installation at the Museum of Modern Art, New York comprising 50 glass and mirrored panels that tricked the spectators and increased their numbers. In 2003, he installed a massive artificial sun in London’s Tate Modern museum to create a feeling and illusion of an outdoor space flooded with sunlight, mist, and sky. His experimental works, in or near museums, expose our system of perception of re-created natural phenomena. They update the nature-technology relationship in an ideological context, influenced by the ecological debate in developed countries. He also photographs natural phenomena including icebergs, grottos, and views of Iceland....