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date: 22 April 2021

Breton, Jules Adolphe Aimé Louislocked


French, 19th–20th century, male.

Born 1 May 1827, in Courrières (Pas-de-Calais); died 5 July 1906, in Paris.

Painter. Genre scenes, scenes with figures, landscapes.


Jules Breton studied initially under Félix de Vigne, whose daughter he married in 1858. He later studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Ghent and went on to work at Drölling’s studio in Paris and joined the École des Beaux-Arts under the direction of Horace Vernet and Ingres in 1847. Breton had originally decided to specialise in genre painting, as his first submissions to the Salons of 1849 and 1850 show, but these were not very well received and the following year he began to concentrate exclusively on landscapes. In 1854, he moved back to Courrières and between 1862 and 1866 made several visits to south-west France, the south of France, and Italy. Between 1868 and 1890, he spent many months each year at Douarnenez in Brittany. Breton was decorated with the Légion d’Honneur and the Order of Léopold of Belgium. In 1867, he was made an officier of the Légion d’Honneur and was promoted to commandeur in 1885. In 1866, he was made a member of the Institut de France. He was a jury member at the Expositions Universelle of 1889 and 1900....

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