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Aa, Edith van der  

Dutch, 20th century, female.

Born in Cilacap (Java), Indonesia.

Painter. Portraits, still-lifes.

Edith van der Aa exhibited some still-lifes and her Portrait of A.H. Lemaître at the Paris Salon des Indépendants in the 1930s.

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Aali, Halil  

Article

Abad, Pacita  

Filipina, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 5 October 1946, in Basco, Batanes, the Philippines; died 7 December 2004, in Singapore.

Painter, draughtsman, collagist.

Born to a political family, Abad originally studied political science and law. As a student she organised protests against the fraudulent elections of 1969 that kept Ferdinand Marcos in office as president of the Philippines. As a result of her activism, Abad’s house was targeted, and she left the Philippines to continue her education in the USA. In 1973 she spent 12 months travelling through Asia, from Turkey to the Philippines. She later described how the clothing and adornments she observed on her travels would inspire her signature trapunto paintings. Returning home in 1974, Abad decided to become an artist.

Throughout her life Abad was an inveterate traveller. She was proud to say she had visited more than 100 countries. She lived or spent long periods in Washington, DC, New York, Boston, Bangladesh, Sudan, Bangkok, New Guinea, Indonesia, Singapore, and many other countries and regions. Her work was openly infused by what she saw and was detailed in the various books she made full of colourful drawings and collages. She believed that absorbing images and techniques from Korea, Indonesia, New Guinea, and other cultural settings would make her work globally comprehensible. Scuba diving also gave her immersive experiences which she sought to replicate in her work....

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Abbas, Akeel  

Iraqi, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active since 1974 active in France.

Born 12 September 1948, in Shamyah (Mesopotamia).

Painter.

Akeel Abbas has shown his works in a number of group exhibitions, including the 2nd Arab Biennale, Kuwait in 1971; Centre Culturel Irakien, Paris in 1975...

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Abboud, Shafic, Chafic, Chafik or Shafik  

Lebanese, 20th century, male.

Active from 1947 in France.

Born 22 November 1926, in El Mhaidthe, near Bikfaya; died 9 April 2004, in Paris.

Painter, engraver.

Shafic Abboud set out to become an engineer, but broke off his studies in his third year at the French school of engineering in Beirut in order to study drawing and composition at the Académie Libanaise des Beaux-Arts in ...

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Abd al Havy  

Persian School, 14th – 15th century, male.

Active at the end of the 14th and at the beginning of the 15th century.

Painter.

Abd al Havy was a pupil of Shams al Din. In 1393, Tamburlaine (Timur) took him to Samarkand, where it is believed that he ran the city’s artistic workshops. No work has been attributed to him with any certainty....

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Abdous Samad  

Persian School, 16th century, male.

Active at the end of the 16th century.

Born to a family originally from Shiraz.

Painter, draughtsman.

Abdous Samad worked at the Persian court and while there was chosen by the Mogul Emperor Humayun to teach drawing both to himself and to his son Akbar, the heir to the throne. He took over from Mir Sayid Ali and completed the illumination of the poet Amir-Hamzah, who recounted the adventures of the uncle of Mohammed. He ended his days as head of the royal treasury....

Article

Abdul-Medjid Effendi  

Turkish, 19th–20th century, male.

Born 29 May 1868, in Constantinople (now Istanbul); died 23 August 1944, in Paris.

Painter and collector. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Abdul-Medjid was the son of Sultan Abdülaziz, and later Crown Prince of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph. He was taught painting by Fausto Zonaro, an Italian artist who worked in the Ottoman court ...

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Abdullah, R. Basuki or Basoeki  

Indonesian, 20th century, male.

Born 1915, in Surakarta (Java); died 1992.

Painter, pastellist. Figures, nudes, portraits, scenes with figures, genre scenes, landscapes.

The son of Abdullah Soerjosoebroto, also a painter, Basuki Abdullah studied at the fine arts academy in The Hague. He travelled to Paris and Rome, and his work has been exhibited in Bangkok, Malaya, Japan, the Netherlands, England and Portugal. He is known as a portrait painter, particularly for his paintings of beautiful Indonesian women, but also painted rural flora and fauna, landscapes and court scenes....

Article

Abdullah, Soedjono  

Indonesian, 20th century, male.

Born 1911; died 1991.

Painter. Figures, landscapes.

Abdullah Soedjono made a name for himself as a painter of Indonesian landscapes.

Amsterdam, 21 April 1993: Indonesian Land­scape with the Volcano Merapi (1975, oil on canvas, 38¾ × 88½ ins/98.5 × 225 cm) ...

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Abdus Samad (Khwaja)  

Indian, 16th century, male.

Painter, miniaturist.

Abdus Samad was born in Shiraz, Iran. He was a renowned painter, calligrapher, and an influential figure in miniature painting. He was brought, along with Mir Sayyid Ali, to India by the Mughal emperor Humayun (1530–1540 and 1555–1556...

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Abe, Kongo  

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1900, in Tokyo.

Painter.

Kongo Abe spent time in France when Surrealism was emerging. The movement had a great influence on him and he introduced Surrealist ideas to Japan on his return.

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Abe, Nobuya  

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1913, in Niigata.

Painter.

Nobuya Abe was self-taught. He was one of the founders of the Bunka Kyokai (Art Culture Association). Although traditional in origin, his painting evolved into informal abstraction. His work has been represented in numerous exhibitions throughout the world, including the São Paulo Biennale in ...

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Abe, Shunpo  

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1877; died 1956.

Painter.

In the exhibition of Japanese art organised by the Jeu de Paume Museum in Paris in 1929, Shunpo Abe’s work was included in the entitled Contemporary Classical School rather than the traditional Japanese painting section.

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Abedin, Zainul  

Indian, 20th century, male.

Born 1914, in either Kishoreganj or Mymensingh (both now in Bangladesh); died 28 May 1976, in Dhaka.

Draughtsman, engraver, painter, printmaker.

Zainul Abedin studied at the government school of arts and crafts in Calcutta (now Kolkata) from 1933 to 1938, and was later a teacher there. His work first came to be noticed when he produced a series of drawings of the Bengal Famine of ...

Article

Abid Ali, Medhi  

Iraqi, 20th century, male.

Born 3 July 1943, in Singar.

Painter.

Medhi Abid Ali exhibited in his own country as well as in Europe, including exhibitions in Paris and Malmö. In 1971, he was selected to take part in the Biennale des Jeunes in Paris....

Article

Abid, Humaira  

Pakistani, 21st century, female.

Active in Lahore, Pakistan, and Seattle, Washington.

Born in Pakistan.

Miniatures and woodworker.

Women’s issues and refugees.

Acting against her family’s wishes, Humaira Abid attended the National College of Arts in Lahore, Pakistan, and then decided to master the traditionally male-dominated medium of woodworking. During her studies, she also received a double minor in miniature paintings and continued to push the envelopes of both woodworking and miniature painting through combining the two practices. For her exhibitions it is especially important that the two mediums are married together in order to create a cohesive narrative.

In 2017–2018, Abid had a solo exhibition at the Bellevue Arts Museum in Bellevue, Washington titled Searching for Home. This exhibition immediately transported viewers outside their comfort zones. Upon entering the room the viewer was confronted with a barbed wire fence painstakingly carved from wood. Hanging from the wooden barbed wire was a pair of underwear, again carved from wood, and splotched with red so as to appear stained with blood. Against the other wall was a series of miniature portraits, all of real children from various refugee camps; the wall is littered with bullet holes. Other works displayed in the show included pieces of luggage, baby pacifiers, a breast pump, and a swing, all meticulously carved from wood and often stained with red spots. Each work brings to the forefront the difficult imagery that often accompanies the journey of the refugee and, more specifically, the female refugee....

Article

Abidine  

Turkish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1952.

Born 1913, in Istanbul; died 7 December 1993, in Villejuif (Val-de-Marne).

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator.

Group D.

Abidine began his artistic career in Istanbul when he was still extremely young. At the age of 15 he was producing catoons for the Turkish press. In ...

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Abramovich, Pinchas or Pinhas  

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Born 1909, in Lithuania; died 1986.

Painter (gouache). Urban landscapes, figures, interiors with figures.

New Horizons Group.

This artist studied at the academy in Kovno (now Kaunas, Lithuania) in 1925; he emigrated to Palestine in 1929 and took up a teaching post that same year at the Beit Zera kibbutz, going on to work in the kibbutz seminary from 1952 to 1972. Abramovich lived in Paris in 1935 and 1936, working at the Académie de la Grande-Chaumière. In 1986, he was elected honorary president of the association of Israeli painters and sculptors....

Article

Absalon  

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1964, in Tel-Aviv; died 10 October 1993, in Paris.

Installation artist, environmental artist, video artist.

Absalon lived and worked in Paris, where he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts under Christian Boltanski.

Absalon produced maquettes for ‘Utopian’ furniture upholstered entirely and uniformly in aseptic white plastic. Totally impractical, his furniture simply represents a desire to mark a departure from everyday convention. There is a strong element of play in some of his work, as in ...