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Achilles Painter  

5th century, male.

Active between 460 and 430 BC.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

The Achilles Painter is named for his depictions of Achilles, particularly that on an amphora in the Vatican where the hero is shown armed with a lance and wearing a cuirass. He is depicted standing alone, while on the other side of the amphora is a female figure. This way of presenting single figures, one on either side of a vase, can be compared to the work of the Berlin Painter and initially had a very strong influence on the Achilles Painter. The rather exaggerated anatomical details of the early nudes is borrowed from the Berlin Painter....

Article

Aetion  

4th century, male.

Painter. Historical subjects, peopled scenes, genre scenes.

Ancient Greek.

Probably Ionian, Aetion was active in the second half of the 4th century BC. Lucian describes one of his paintings representing the Marriage of Alexander and Roxane, princess of Sogdiana. The Aldobrandini frescoes may relate to this work. Lucian's text inspired Sodoma (or Raphael ?) to paint the same subject. According to Pliny, who indicates that the artist also worked in bronze, Aetion also painted an ...

Article

Agatharchus of Samos (Son of Eudemus)  

5th century, male.

Painter. Historical subjects.

Ancient Greek, Classical Period.

Agatharchus was a Samian painter working in Athens in the second half of the 5th century BC, at the time of Pericles. He is thought to have painted a skene (backdrop) for Aeschylus' play Seven against Thebes...

Article

Aglaophon I  

6th – 5th century, male.

Active at the end of the 6th and beginning of the 5th centuries BC.

Born in Thasos.

Painter.

Ancient Greek, Archaic Period.

Father and teacher of Polygnotes and Aristophon, Aglaophon I was probably the grandfather of Aglaophon II. He is believed by some to have produced the original ...

Article

Aglaophon II (Son of Aristophon)  

5th century, male.

Active in Athens in the second half of the 5th century BC.

Born to a family originally from Thasos.

Painter. Mythological subjects.

Ancient Greek, Classical Period.

Nephew of Polygnotes and grandson of Aglaophon I, Aglaophon II produced votive paintings including Olympias and Pythias crowning Alcibiades...

Article

Alcimachus  

5th century, male.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

We know from Pliny that Alcimachus was living in 410 BC.

Article

Alcimachus  

4th century, male.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Alcimachus lived at the time of Alexander the Great. Pliny calls him one of those 'next to the top rank' ( primis proximi ). He painted the portrait of an athlete in the Olympian Games who won the pancration (boxing and wrestling)....

Article

Alexander  

4th – 3rd century, male.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

A monochrome painting on marble found at Herculaneum bears the signature of Alexander. Known as Girls Playing Knucklebones, it depicts Phoebe trying to reconcile Leto and Niobe who have quarrelled over their game, while Ileaira and Aglae continue to play, kneeling on the ground. The delicate style is reminiscent of the elegance of Attic white-ground pottery....

Article

Altamura  

5th century, male.

Active in the first half of the 5th century BC.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

This name is found on the volute krater found at Altamura and now in London. Some of his red-figure pottery has been found at Spina. He seems to have been active between 470 and 455 BC. His work is generally found on large vases and depicts solemn scenes, airy compositions imbued with a religious sense reminiscent of Aeschylus. The draperies are painted with a sense of volume, but the anatomy is still archaic in style....

Article

Amphiaraus  

6th century, male.

Active in Corinth, at the beginning of the 6th century BC.

Painter, potter.

Ancient Greek.

Article

Anaxandra  

3rd century, female.

Activec.the middle of the 3rd century BC.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Anaxandra was the daughter and follower of the Sicyonian painter Nealces.

Article

Androbius  

5th century, male.

Active probably in the 5th century BC.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Androbius painted the famous diver Scyllis breaking the oars of the Persian ships. It is likely that this painting, like the Delphic portraits of Scyllis and his daughter Hydna, dates from shortly after the Persian wars....

Article

Androcydes  

5th – 4th century, male.

Born to a family originally from Cyzicus.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Androcydes was a rival of Zeuxis. In c. 380 BC he painted a Battle between Horsemen for Thebes. Also attributed to him is a painting of Scylla surrounded by beautifully executed and lifelike fish. (Legend had it that Androcydes particularly liked fish.)...

Article

Antenorides, Pliny  

4th century, male.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Pliny Antenorides was, with Euphranor, a follower of Aristides - though not Aristides the famous painter of the time of Alexander but probably the grandfather of the latter and an architect, sculptor and painter. Nothing is known of the works of Antenorides....

Article

Antidotus  

4th century, male.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

A pupil of Euphranor, Antidotus was to be the master of the Athenian painter Nicias (which would seem to indicate that he was Athenian, or at least worked in Athens). Attributed to him are a Warrior with Shield, a ...

Article

Antidotus  

3rd century, male.

Active in the first half of the 3rd century BC.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

In 282 BC, Antidotus decorated the proscenium of the theatre at Delos with two paintings, for which he received 200 drachmas.

Article

Antiphilus I  

4th century, male.

Active in the Hellenistic era.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Born in Egypt, Antiphilus was a pupil of Ctesidemus. A rival of Apelles, he is said to have slandered him to Ptolemy, becoming his slave as a result. Like Apelles, Antiphilus painted official portraits, generally of an idealised kind: ...

Article

Apelles (son of Pytheas)  

4th century BC, male.

Born to a family originally from Colophon (Lydia).

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

School of Sicyon.

Apelles is considered to be the most important artist of the Sicyon school. His father, Pytheas, appears to have belonged to the illustrious line of Ionian silversmiths, and his brother Ctesilochus (or Ctesiochus) was also a painter. After a period as a pupil of the Ephesian Ephorus, Apelles took lessons with Pamphilus, master of the famous Sicyon school. These years of apprenticeship allowed him to acquire a secure technique without stifling his Ionian temperament. Instead, his very personal genius was able to develop. Around 340 BC, when he was about 30 (?), Apelles went to Macedonia, the birthplace of Pamphilus, and there became court painter to Philip and Alexander. Alexander granted him exclusive permission, along with the sculptor Lysippus and the engraver Pyrgoteles, to reproduce his image. After this foray into Asia, he returned to Ionia, when he took Ephesian (...

Article

Apollodorus  

5th century, male.

Active in Athensc.430-415 BC.

Painter.

Ancient Greek, Classical Period.

Traditionally held to be the true pioneer of great painting, Apollodorus is said to have painted on wooden panels using water mixed with egg yolk. Agatharchus had already experimented with perspective and attempted with his theatre scenes to convey an illusion of reality, but Apollodorus seems to have been the first to render correctly the fall of shadows and to use the interplay of light and shade both in landscapes and figures. Plutarch notes how he made use of subtle colours that shaded into one another....

Article

Arcesilas (Son of Tisicrates)  

4th century, male.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Arcesilas belongs to the Sicyon School. His father was probably the indirect follower of Lysippus. Arcesilas must be the Arcesilaus mentioned by Pausanias as having painted Leosthenes Surrounded by his Children for the sanctuary of Zeus and Athena at Piraeus....