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Bion I  

6th century, male.

Active during the second half of the 6th century BC.

Born in Clazomenae or Chios.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Bion was known to Hipponax, who flourished c. 540 BC, and so was of the generation of Bupalus and Athenis.

Article

Bion II (Son of Diodorus)  

5th century, male.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Bion II was born in Miletus some two generations after Bion I. He must have emigrated westwards after his hometown was overrun by the Persians, and two signatures of the artist were found at Delphi and Athens. The first relates to a gold tripod and a Nike (winged victory), both items placed near the Omphalos as an offering from Gelon of Syracuse, after his victory at Himera (479 BC). The second appears on the edge of a base capital that once supported a now-lost ex-voto on the Acropolis....

Article

Boedas (Son of Lysippus)  

4th – 3rd century, male.

Active at the turn of the 4th and 3rd centuries BC.

Worker in bronze.

Ancient Greek.

Boedas was the pupil as well as the son of Lysippus, though, according to Vitruvius, nothing like as famous. Pliny mentions only one work by him, a ...

Article

Boupalus  

6th century, male.

Active during the second half of the 6th century BC.

Born in Chios.

Sculptor, architect.

Ancient Greek.

Boupalus' work is known from the writings of Pausanias. Mention is made of a statue of Fortune, crowned with a polos (head-dress) and holding in her hand the horn of Amalthea. It is likely that Boupalus was the originator of this type of statue, so often copied by the Romans. They, and Augustus in particular, much appreciated his work, examples of which were placed in the temple of Apollo on the Palatine. Boupalus worked with his sculptor brother Athenis in several towns in Asia Minor and at Delos....

Article

Bryaxis  

4th century, male.

Probably born in Caria.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Bryaxis, a younger contemporary of Scopas, was thought by some scholars to have been an Athenian. In fact he came to work in Attica and was granted citizenship there. Bryaxis' signature was found in Athens, close to the pseudo-Theseum, on an ex-voto offered by three phylarchs (Athenian officials) who had been victors in the horse races. The base has, on three of its sides, the image of a bearded figure on horseback approaching a victory tripod. The reliefs have been considered inferior in quality; perhaps the artist reserved his best efforts for the actual offering that was supported by a small column. We do not know if it was a tripod or a statue....

Article

Bryes of Sicyon  

4th century, male.

Active during the first half of the 4th century BC.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Bryes was the father and teacher of the famous Pausias.

Article

Brygus Painter  

5th century, male.

Activec.490-470 BC.

Probably born in Northern Greece.

Potter, vase painter (?).

Ancient Greek.

The Brygus Painter is thus described after the name of the potter, Brygus, whose pottery he decorated. Although it is very probable that Brygus the potter started out as a painter, it seems unlikely that the surviving vases bearing his mark ...

Article

Bularchos  

8th century, male.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Bularchos lived in the second half of the 8th century BC. His painting Battle of the Magnesians is the first painting mentioned in the history of art. According to Pliny, this painting was bought by Candaules, king of Lydia for as much gold as could be laid out on its surface. While it is tempting to identify the subject with the sack of Magnesia ad Maeandrum by the Cimmerians, this event occurred after the death of King Candaules. The Clazomenae sarcophagi probably give us an idea of what Bularchos' work was like....

Article

Calamis  

5th century, male.

Active in Athensc.460 BC.

Sculptor, goldsmith.

Ancient Greek, Pre-Classical period.

Calamis, an Athenian by adoption, is noted in the ancient sources as a sculptor of divinities. Given the lack of agreement amongst these sources, however, it would be unwise to attribute many works to him. Two pieces, very similar in style, have been traditionally attributed to him: ...

Article

Callimachus  

5th century, male.

Active in Athens, active at the end of the 5th century BC.

Sculptor, metal worker.

Ancient Greek.

Callimachus, whose origins are unknown, was active chiefly in Athens. The work most often attributed to him is a Venus Genetrix, a Roman copy of which is in the Louvre. This statue conforms to the ideal perfect rhythm described by Polyclitus, being constructed according to a geometry that is subtly emphasised by the drapery. The total height is equal to eight times that of the head, the mark of Ionian elegance, which can also be seen in the smile, the flowing hair and the grace of the general appearance. In this, Callimachus is clearly the follower of Phidias who had integrated borrowings from Ionian art....

Article

Calliphon of Samos  

7th century, male.

Active during the second half of the 7th century BC.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Calliphon is known to us only from Pausanias. He is said to have painted a scene showing women arming Patroclus with his cuirass, and a frieze on the theme of the battle between the Greeks and the Trojans for the temple of Artemis at Ephesus....

Article

Calynthus  

5th century, male.

Active in 472 BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Article

Canachus  

6th century, male.

Active in Sicyonc.516 BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Canachus of Sicyon must have been one of the most celebrated sculptors of the 6th century BC since his fame took him as far as Miletus to execute a commission for an Apollo Philesius...

Article

Cantharus of Sicyon  

3rd century, male.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Cantharus is mentioned by Pausanias, who notes that he made several statues at Olympia.

Article

Cephisodorus I  

4th century, male.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Cephisodorus is mentioned in Pliny and Pausanias, and is said to have made several important works at Piraeus, including an Athena and a Zeus in bronze.

Article

Cephisodotus, the Elder  

4th century, male.

Active in Athens.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Cephisodotus was, according to some, the father of the great Praxiteles and the son of an unknown sculptor, an elder Praxiteles. He worked in a period of transition when some artists were attempting to render nature more realistically, while others were inventing new styles of draped figures and decorative poses....

Article

Cephisodotus, the Younger  

4th century, male.

Active in Athens at the end of the 4th century BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Cephisodotus, the son and pupil of Praxiteles, worked all his life with his brother Timarchus. The best known of his works is the Portrait of Menander. He was much admired in Graeco-Roman antiquity, and during the Roman period his works were well represented in the collections of the Italian nobility of the classical period....

Article

Chaerestratus (Son of Chaeredemus)  

3rd century, male.

Active at the beginning of the 3rd century BC.

Born in Rhamnus (Attica).

Sculptor. Mythological subjects.

Ancient Greek.

Athens: Themis

Article

Chares I  

6th century, male.

Active in Corinth.

Vase painter.

Ancient Greek.

Article

Chares II  

4th century, male.

Activec.300 BC.

Born in Lindus (Rhodes).

Sculptor, caster (bronze).

Ancient Greek.

Chares was a pupil of Lysippus and one of the founders of the Rhodes school of sculpture that was to have considerable influence on Hellenistic and Roman art. This school was known to favour figures in movement making violent gestures, a style that culminated in the Laocoön. It also worked on a grand scale and Chares became famous for his colossus at Rhodes, the biggest of the hundred colossal statues of Helios that once rose up around the island of Rhodes, and one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Made entirely of bronze, it was more than 99 feet (32 metres) high and is thought to have stood at the far end of the port. Brought down in 223 BC by an earthquake and then re-erected by the Romans, it was completely destroyed by the Arabs in the 7th century AD....