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Article

Aristonous  

6th century, male.

Active in the Archaic period.

Born on Aegina.

Worker in bronze.

Ancient Greek.

Aristonous made a Zeus crowned with lilies, with an eagle and a thunderbolt, which was offered to Olympia by the people of Metapontum.

Article

Athenis (Son of Archermus)  

6th century, male.

Active in Chios during the second half of the 6th century BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Athenis is said to have earned the hatred of his contemporary, the poet Hipponax, for caricaturing him. He worked in collaboration with his brother Bupalus. Their works were well known, not only in Chios (where they made an image of Artemis with what is believed to have been a double mask, with both a sad and a happy expression), but also in Pergamum, Lesbos, Smyrna, Clazomenae and Delos....

Article

Bathycles  

6th century, male.

Active during the second half of the 6th century BC.

Born in Magnesia ad Maeandrum.

Sculptor, architect.

Ancient Greek.

Bathycles, like many other Ionians in Asia, moved westwards under the threat from the Medes as first Lydia and then the coastal towns fell. He came eventually to work in Greece. Around 530 BC, he designed the vast decorative construction known as the ...

Article

Bion I  

6th century, male.

Active during the second half of the 6th century BC.

Born in Clazomenae or Chios.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Bion was known to Hipponax, who flourished c. 540 BC, and so was of the generation of Bupalus and Athenis.

Article

Boupalus  

6th century, male.

Active during the second half of the 6th century BC.

Born in Chios.

Sculptor, architect.

Ancient Greek.

Boupalus' work is known from the writings of Pausanias. Mention is made of a statue of Fortune, crowned with a polos (head-dress) and holding in her hand the horn of Amalthea. It is likely that Boupalus was the originator of this type of statue, so often copied by the Romans. They, and Augustus in particular, much appreciated his work, examples of which were placed in the temple of Apollo on the Palatine. Boupalus worked with his sculptor brother Athenis in several towns in Asia Minor and at Delos....

Article

Bularchos  

8th century, male.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Bularchos lived in the second half of the 8th century BC. His painting Battle of the Magnesians is the first painting mentioned in the history of art. According to Pliny, this painting was bought by Candaules, king of Lydia for as much gold as could be laid out on its surface. While it is tempting to identify the subject with the sack of Magnesia ad Maeandrum by the Cimmerians, this event occurred after the death of King Candaules. The Clazomenae sarcophagi probably give us an idea of what Bularchos' work was like....

Article

Calliphon of Samos  

7th century, male.

Active during the second half of the 7th century BC.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Calliphon is known to us only from Pausanias. He is said to have painted a scene showing women arming Patroclus with his cuirass, and a frieze on the theme of the battle between the Greeks and the Trojans for the temple of Artemis at Ephesus....

Article

Canachus  

6th century, male.

Active in Sicyonc.516 BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Canachus of Sicyon must have been one of the most celebrated sculptors of the 6th century BC since his fame took him as far as Miletus to execute a commission for an Apollo Philesius...

Article

Chares I  

6th century, male.

Active in Corinth.

Vase painter.

Ancient Greek.

Article

Charmadas  

, male.

Vase painter.

Ancient Greek.

Charmadas, a contemporary of Dinias and Hygiaenon, lived in the 8th or, according to some scholars, the 6th century BC.

Article

Chartas  

6th century, male.

Active Spartan, active at the beginning of the 6th century BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Article

Cheirisophus  

6th century, male.

Active Cretan, active probably at the beginning of the 6th century BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Pausanias tells us that Cheirisophus made a golden statue of Apollo that stood at Tegea. This statue is also mentioned in an inscription dating from the 1st century BC or AD. He may have belonged to the group of Cretan sculptors who established themselves in the Peloponnese area at the beginning of the 6th century BC....

Article

Chelis  

6th century, male.

Active in Atticac.500 BC.

Potter.

Ancient Greek.

Article

Cimon of Cleonae  

6th century, male.

Active at the end of the 6th century BC.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Cimon is known to us only from the evidence of Pliny; it is not possible to make any judgements about his work since, so far, none has come to light. He was described as a precursor of the great painters of the 5th century, and Pliny states that he was known for the clarity with which he drew the movements of human limbs and the naturalism of his drapery folds. He is said also to have invented foreshortening. Probably a dominant influence at this period of artistic development, Cimon of Cleonae may have taken up and expanded on the discoveries of an Athenian artist called Eumarus....

Article

Cleanthes of Corinth  

7th century, male.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Cleanthes is known from Strabo, who mentions two of his works in a temple at Olympia, representing The Sack of Troy and The Birth of Athena. He is said to have perfected the depiction of the human outline.

Spiteris, Tony...

Article

Clitias  

6th century, male.

Active in Athens.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Clitias, who worked with the potter Ergotimus, is known from his signature on five vases. The most famous of his works is the 'François Vase', named after Alexandre François who discovered it in Chiusi. This vase, a krater, is exceptional first of all for its size, with a maximum circumference of 1.81 metres (nearly 6 feet). A black-figure vase using a new technique for the time (beginning of the 6th century BC), its stylistic innovations do not exclude a number of archaic characteristics. The composition, which includes superimposed friezes of decorative motifs and processions of animals, is a survival from earlier, orientalising styles. The same is true of the shape of the eyes which, significantly, are shown frontally on faces presented in profile. While the limbs are shown in profile, the trunks of the figures are shown frontally. Despite this, Clitias has produced a composition of remarkable breadth, though with a tendency to a certain miniaturism - a tendency that was not to be taken up as Athenian vase painting evolved further....

Article

Craton of Sicyon  

7th century, male.

Active at the end of the 7th century BC.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Craton is mentioned only by Athenagoras, who credits him with the invention of monochrome painting.

Spiteris, Tony: La Peinture grecque et étrusque, Rencontre, Lausanne, 1965.

Article

Dameas I  

6th century, male.

Active in Croton in 540 BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Dameas made the bronze statue at Olympia of the famous athlete Milon of Croton.

Article

Dinas  

9th century, male.

Active in Greece 850 BC.

Painter, designer of ornamental architectural features.

Ancient Greek.

Article

Dipoenus  

6th century, male.

Active in 580 BC.

Born in Crete.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

According to Pliny, Dipoenus and his fellow-Cretan Scyllis were the first sculptors in marble. Moving to Sicyon, they made statues there of Heracles, Athena, Artemis and Apollo. Dipoenus also worked in gold and ivory, and examples were found in Cleonae, Argos and Ambracia....