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Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 30 August 1911, in Norwood (London); died 1991, in Hampstead (London).

Painter, illustrator, muralist, lithographer, collector. Still-lifes, figures, landscapes, nature.

East London Group, London Group.

Phyllis Bray was the daughter of William de Bray, attaché to the mother of the Russian Tsar Nicholas II. Her first husband was the painter John Cooper, and her second was Eric Phillips. She studied on a scholarship at the Slade School of Fine Art, London, where her tutor was Henry Tonks. She was a leading figure in the formation of the ...

Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 8 July 1902, in Edinburgh; died 30 September 1972, in Adelaide.

Painter, gallery administrator. Landscapes, seascapes.

Robert Richmond Campbell moved to Brisbane, Australia, with his family in 1916. He began working as a commercial artist. In 1928 he travelled to Europe with Rupert Bunny. Having spent time in France, Spain, England and Scotland, he returned to Australia in ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1931, in Pittsburgh; died 3 March 2005, in Pittsburgh.

Conceptual artist, mail artist, educator. Artists’ books.

Don Celender earned a BA in fine art from Carnegie Mellon University in 1956 and an art history PhD in 1963 from the University of Pittsburgh. He taught art for 40 years at Macalester College, St Paul, Minnesota. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 June 1931, in Eatonton (Georgia).

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), collage artist, print artist, sculptor, collector, art historian. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, figure compositions, scenes with figures, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

David C. Driskell earned a BFA at Howard University in ...

Article

American, 19th–20th century, male.

Born 12 July 1854, in Waterville, New York; died 14 March 1932, in Rochester, New York, by suicide.

Inventor, businessman, and photographer.

In 1877 George Eastman, then a bank clerk, acquired his first camera. Committed to making the camera easier to use, he refined the dry plate process and produced dry plate negatives for sale. Searching to simplify the process further, he developed Eastman American Film, a flexible film that could be rolled up and was easier to manipulate than glass plates. In 1884 Eastman Dry Plate and Film Company was formed with investor Henry Strong as president and Eastman as treasurer. Eastman continued to create new products and eventually patented 32 inventions....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born at the end of the 19th century, in the Rhineland.

Painter, collector.

Richard Goetz was a naturalised citizen of the USA who had lived in Paris for many years. It is very unlikely that he ever painted in America. His collection of work is small. He lived in Montparnasse well before ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 16 July 1868, at Wundlacken Castle, near Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia); died between 1914 and 1918, in France.

Painter, art dealer. Portraits.

Willy Gretor was a pupil of N. Peterson Mols and Bertha Wegmann and studied at the Kunstakademi in Copenhagen. At the academy's exhibition he showed studies of portraits in ...

Article

Filipino, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1926, in Manila.

Painter, sculptor, printmaker, designer. Figures, landscapes, cityscapes, genre scenes.

Neo-Realists.

Arturo Luz began his art lessons under the painter Pablo Amorsolo. He studied at the University of Santo Tomas College of Fine Arts and received a scholarship to attend the California College of Arts and Crafts in Oakland, California, from which he graduated in ...

Article

Malang  

Filipino, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1928, in Santa Cruz, Manila, Philippines.

Painter, cartoonist, illustrator, printmaker. Local genre scenes, figures, landscapes, flora and fauna, folk art.

Saturday Group of Artists.

Malang (Mauro Malang Santos) learned how to draw at the age of ten from a private tutor. In ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 27 November 1903, in Brussels; died 13 May 1971, in Brussels.

Collage artist, art dealer, curator, poet.

Brussels Surrealist group, English Surrealist Group, Phases group.

After a promising debut as a composer, Édouard Mesens turned to poetry and, a devotee of Surrealism, acted as a liaison between that movement's Brussels and Paris chapters, organising numerous events including ...

Article

British, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1968, in England.

Curator, writer, film-maker, publisher. Artists’ books, installation, performance art.

Simon Morris studied at Kingston Polytechnic, London (1987–1990), Winchester School of Art (1996–1997), and took a practice-based PhD in the School of Fine Art, Leeds University (...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born c. 1849; died 1919, in London.

Painter, watercolourist, art dealer, collector. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Charles Fairfax Murray was a pupil of Dante Gabriel Rossetti. He worked as a studio assistant to Burne-Jones and was later sent to Italy to make copies of Old Masters for Ruskin. He exhibited at the Royal Academy and the Grosvenor Gallery from 1867 onward. He was also an art collector....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 20 November 1874, in Allegheny (Pennsylvania); died 1970, in White Plains, New York.

Painter, printmaker, philanthropist. Landscapes, cityscapes.

James N. Rosenberg worked as a lawyer until the age of 65 when he decided to pursue his passion for art and devote himself to painting. He was a member of the Société des Artistes Indépendants and the American Federation of Arts. Notable works include ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 20 September 1928, in Charleston (South Carolina); died 9 March 2013.

Painter (mixed media), art dealer. Portraits, landscapes.

Spiral Group.

Merton Simpson studied with William Baziotes at New York University and Robert Gwathney at the Cooper Union. From 1951 to ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in the UK and in France.

Born 1835, in Montauban; died 23 June 1913, in Stoke-on-Trent.

Potter, painter (porcelain), draughtsman, engraver (etching), collector, writer.

Marc Louis Emmanuel Solon was the father of Leon Victor Solon. He used the pseudonym of Milès. He worked in porcelain factories in Sèvres and Stoke-on-Trent....

Article

American, 19th–20th century, male.

Born 1 January 1864, in Hoboken, New Jersey; died 13 July 1946, in New York City.

Photographer, writer, editor, gallery owner, collector. Cityscapes, landscapes, portraits.

Pictorialism, Modernism. The Linked Ring, Photo-Secession

Alfred Stieglitz was the eldest of six children and attended New York schools before moving to Germany in 1881. There Stieglitz studied photography with photo-chemist Hermann Vogel beginning in 1883. Returning to New York in 1890, Stieglitz joined the Society of Amateur Photographers and became increasingly involved with Pictorialism. Often characterized by a soft-focus, painterly quality, the Pictorialist aesthetic appears in his pictures from this period, such as ...

Article

Russian, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 20 May 1867; died 1928, in Paris.

Painter, designer, patroness of the arts.

The wife of one of Russia's richest industrialists, Princess Maria Tenisheva studied at the Académie Julian, Paris. During the years before the Russian revolution, she was one of the most important patrons of the arts in Russia, supporting painters, writers, musicians, dancers. At her country estate at Talashkino, she organised an arts and crafts colony, where students could learn traditional crafts and skills such as woodcarving, embroidery, decorative techniques, murals, and lacemaking. She founded her own art school in St Petersburg, where Ilya Repin taught countless artists of the following generation. She was a collector of both modern art and Russian folk costumes. And in ...