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Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 18 February 1912, in Baku.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, decorative designer. Religious subjects, figures, nudes, scenes with figures, landscapes, seascapes, architectural views, still-lifes, animals. Designs for tapestries, designs for mosaics, murals, church decoration.

A self-taught artist of Armenian origin, George Akopian went to France in ...


Italian, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1600, in Bologna; died after 1678.

Painter, decorative designer, fresco artist, engraver. Religious subjects, architectural views, perspectives, landscapes. Church decoration.

Studied initially under Bernardino Baldi, then Calvaert, following whose death in 1619 Ambrogi spent years studying with Francesco Brizio (from whom he takes his sobriquet Menichino del Brizio). Ambrogi quickly made a reputation for himself as a painter of frescoes and oils, not least in his depiction of landscape, architecture and perspective. The Uffizi in Florence houses two of his religious landscapes; his ...


Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 4 October 1604, in Florence; died 1656, in Madrid.

Painter, draughtsman, architect. Religious subjects. Wall decorations.

Baccio del Bianco studied painting under Giovanni Biliverti in Florence from 1612, then architecture under the court architect Giulio Parigi. He was retained around ...


Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 1728, in Vienna; died after 1778, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman. Architectural views, interiors, church interiors. Wall decorations, church decoration.

Son of Giuseppe Bibiena and grandson of Ferdinando Bibiena, at the age of 20 Carlo Bibiena entered the service of Frederick, Margrave of Bayreuth and worked alongside his father on the construction of the new theatre there. At the invitation of the Elector of Bavaria, he left for Munich in ...


Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 18 August 1657, in Bologna; died 3 January 1743, in Bologna.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer, architect. Architectural views, church interiors, harbour scenes. Church decoration, stage sets.

Son of Giovanni Maria Galli, Ferdinando Bibiena studied alongside his father under Carlo Cignani and went on to work for the architect Troili (known as Paradosso) and for Mannini and Aldrovandini. His mentor Cignani recommended him to Duke Ranuccio Farnese in Parma, who appointed him first painter and architect to his court. He remained there under the Duke's successor Francesco, dividing the next 24 years of his life between Parma and Piacenza. His work includes the decoration of the Duke of Mirandola's Casino della Motta (in collaboration with his brother Francesco); two chapels in the Jesuit church in Reggio; a chapel in Parma, together with the façade and a chamber in the ducal palace; a chapel in the Palazzo Maggiore; and the Cappella Maggiore in the church of S Sepolcro. In Piacenza, he painted the oratory ceiling in the church of S Vincenzo, scenes for the convent of S Sisto, and cupolas for the Chiesa della Morte....


Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 5 January 1696, in Parma; died 1756, in Berlin.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink/wash), decorative designer, architect. Architectural views, interiors. Stage sets, church decoration, theatre decoration.

Second son and pupil of Ferdinando Bibiena, Giuseppe Bibiena accompanied his father to Barcelona and on his appointment to the court of Vienna in ...


French, 17th century, male.

Born 1614 according to his death certificate, in Paris, in 1617 according to some sources; died 21 June 1689, in the Hôtel de Ville in Lyons.

Painter, draughtsman (including red chalk), engraver, architect, decorative designer. Historical subjects, mythological subjects, religious subjects, portraits, landscapes...


Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1509, in Gandino near Bergamo; died 1579, in Madrid, in 1569 according to the Larousse Dictionary.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman (including wash), architect, decorative artist, art restorer. Religious subjects, historical subjects, mythological subjects. Wall decorations, frescoes.

After a study trip to Rome, paid for by his protector Tobia Pallavicini, Giovanni Battista Castello (Il Bergamasco) produced a series of works in Genoa and Bergamo. His best-known works in Bergamo include the fresco ...


Italian, 15th century, male.

Born 5 June 1436, in Lucca; died 12 October 1501, in Lucca.

Sculptor, architect. Religious furnishings (altars).

Florentine School.

Matteo Civitali was a pupil of Antonio Rossellino, then worked with his master in Florence. He was responsible for introducing printing to Lucca. His work as an architect includes the Palazzo Pretorio in Lucca: its plans are attributed to him. He was a humanist, and his first works as a sculptor were representations of humanists of his day: ...


Portuguese, 18th century, male.

Born at the beginning of the 18th century; died 1760.

Painter, decorative artist. Perspectives, architectural views. Church decoration.

Lourenço da Cunha worked in Rome for a number of years. He returned to Lisbon in 1744 and decorated several of the city's churches....


French, 18th century, male.

Born May 1743, in Auxerre; died 17 March 1804, in Stockholm.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink/wash), engraver (etching), caricaturist, decorative artist, architect. Religious subjects, historical subjects, military subjects, church interiors, architectural interiors, landscapes with figures, landscapes, urban views, harbour scenes, architectural views, costume studies...


Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 October 1865, in Brussels; died 1959.

Painter, decorative designer, sculptor, architect. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes.

Dierickx was a pupil of Jean Portaels and Joseph Stallaert. In 1887 he won the Godecharle Prize, which enabled him to travel in Italy. He regularly participated in the activities of the ...


German, 17th century, male.

Stonemason, sculptor, painter, decorative designer. Religious subjects.

Dub was active in Cleves. He was made a burgher of Lucerne (Switzerland) on 7 March 1613 and member of the Brotherhood of St Luke. He worked on the choir of the main church and executed a tablet with a crucifix on the altar of St Henry which was destroyed by fire in ...


Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 1634, in Castello della Fratta, near Rovigo; died 1708, in Ferrara.

Painter, draughtsman. Religious subjects, landscapes, architectural views. Theatre decoration.

Initially a figure painter, Francesco Ferrari went on to study decoration under Gabriel Rossi. Ferrari decorated theatres in Vienna and San Lorenzo and worked for the Marquis degli Obizzi. He also painted several pictures for various churches in Bologna and Ferrara....


Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 8 September 1833, in Milan; died 11 May 1907, in Milan.

Painter, watercolourist. Landscapes, architectural views, church interiors. Stage sets, theatre decoration.

In 1867 Carlo Ferrario decorated La Scala in Milan, and also designed stage sets there, particularly for the works of Verdi. From ...


Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 3 November 1707, in Andorno; died 31 March 1794, in Andorno.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative artist. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes, architectural views. Stage sets.

Bernardino Galliari was one of the three sons of Giovanni Galliari the Elder. He started out working under Giorgio Clerici. He and his two brothers were in great demand all over Europe....


Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1499, in Rome; died 1 November 1546., in Mantua

Painter (including gouache and fresco), draughtsman, decorative artist, architect, engineer. Historical, mythological, religious and military subjects; battle scenes, portraits, animals. Murals, wall decorations.

School of Rome.

Knowledge of Giulio Romano’s early career stems from Giorgio Vasari, who wrote that Giulio worked as an assistant in Raphael’s workshop, and became a well-loved pupil. By 1516, he was working in the Stanza dell’Incendio in the papal apartments (Vatican Palace, 1509–1517), executing Raphael’s designs for the fresco narratives. Giulio also played a prominent role in painting the adjoining Loggia of Leo X de’ Medici (1518–1519), alongside Giovanni da Udine and other members of Raphael’s workshop. Raphael received commissions to decorate the Villa Farnesina (Rome, 1513) for Agostino Chigi, and design and decorate the Villa Madama for the future Pope Clement VII de’ Medici (Rome, commissioned 1518), and Giulio participated in both projects. When Raphael died in 1520, Giulio inherited Raphael’s workshop, along with Giovan Francesco Penni, and the two completed a number of his unfinished works, most notably the frescoes in the Sala di Costantino (Vatican Palace, 1519–1524), for which Raphael had left drawings that Giulio likely modified. Giulio adapted Raphael’s use of classical forms in his work, borrowing images from ancient sculpture and reliefs, yet he also incorporated greater ornament and a subtle wit that distinguished him from his master....


Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 1606, in Bologna; died 1680, in Rome.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, decorative designer, architect. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, landscapes, landscapes with figures. Murals.

Giovanni Francesco Grimaldi was related to the Carracci family, and received an artistic training at the school of these masters that was as advanced and extensive as this outstanding era could provide. He was later 'prince' of the Accademia di S Luca twice. He was highly respected as a portraitist, was an expert in the art of engraving, and was highly accomplished in the area of decoration, architecture, and in the use of perspective. He was particularly skilful in the practice of ...


French, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born to a family originally from Rouen.

Sculptor, architect. Religious subjects. Decorative schemes.

School of Normandy (Le Havre/Rouen).

Pierre Larbitre went to Le Havre in 1598 to continue work on the construction of the church of Our Lady with the architect Étienne Hallinguer. They built the chapels in the lower naves, the pendentives of the arches in the main nave, and the side portals. Larbitre also produced the crosses of the cemeteries in Lillebonne and Montivilliers, which have been destroyed, and an altarpiece of the story of Lazarus, which was placed in the church of St-Sauveur in Montivilliers. The best of his work extant in Le Havre is the portal of the church that gives onto the rue des Drapiers....


Italian, 15th – 16th century, male.

Active from 1515 in France.

Born 15 April 1452, in Anchiano, near Vinci; died 2 May 1519, in Clos-Lucé, near Amboise, France.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, architect, engineer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, topographic subjects, anatomical studies.

Leonardo da Vinci was the illegitimate son of the Florentine notary Ser Piero da Vinci, who married Albiera di Giovanni Amadori, the daughter of a patrician family, in the year Leonardo was born. Little is known about the artist’s natural mother, Caterina, other than that five years after Leonardo’s birth she married an artisan from Vinci named Chartabriga di Piero del Veccha. Leonardo was raised in his father’s home in Vinci by his paternal grandfather, Ser Antonio. Giorgio Vasari discusses Leonardo’s childhood at length, noting his aptitude for drawing and his taste for natural history and mathematics. Probably around 1470, Leonardo’s father apprenticed him to Andrea del Verrocchio; two years later, Leonardo’s name appears in the register of Florentine painters. Although officially a painter in his own right, Leonardo remained for a further five years or so in Verrocchio’s workshop, where Lorenzo di Credi and Pietro Perugino numbered among his fellow students....