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Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Also active in France.

Born 11 July 1889, in Petropavlosk (Kamchatka); died 1974, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor, illustrator, draughtsman. Stage costumes and sets, film sets.

The son of a political exile in Kamchatka, Yuri Annenkov was able to go to St Petersburg in 1898 and study at the school of fine art and at several artists’ workshops between 1908 and 1911, developing a passion for the theatre and theatrical production. He went to Paris in 1911 and studied with Maurice Denis and Félix Vallotton and then went to Switzerland in 1913. He exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants in Paris in 1912 and 1913 and then returned to Russia where he joined the...

Article

Arcabas  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1926, in Frémery (Moselle).

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. Figure compositions, religious subjects, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, designs for mosaics and stained-glass windows, stage sets, stage costumes.

Arcabas studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and also had a degree. He was a friend of the painter Dimitri Varbanesco. He exhibited in numerous towns in France and abroad. From ...

Article

Lithuanian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1933 then in the USA.

Born 19 November 1908, in Kaunas; died 27 April 1999.

Painter, sculptor. Portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes, still-lifes. Stage sets, stage costumes, monuments.

The pupil in Russia in a Soviet school for artistically gifted children, Arbit Blatas exhibited for the first time in Lithuania in 1933, then in Germany when he was studying at the academy in Berlin. He settled in Paris around 1933, and spent some time between 1940 and 1948 in the USA where many museums had acquired his works....

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active since 1973 active in France.

Born 1954, in Biberach.

Painter (mixed media). Stage costumes.

Conceptual Art.

From 1968, Domenika corresponded at length with the German sculptor Josef Beuys. In 1975 she met Rüdiger. She has exhibited in 1974, in Milan; ...

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1859, in Codogno; died 16 December 1912, in Boulogne-sur-Mer, France.

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor. Stage costumes, figurines.

Edel made figurines and theatre costumes. He worked for Coquelin, Sarah Bernhardt, the Comédie Française and Barnum in Paris, as well as the Olympia Theatre in London and La Scala in Milan....

Article

Erté  

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1910 in France.

Born 1892, in St Petersburg; died 21 April 1990, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, stylist, decorative designer. Stage costumes and sets, designs for jewellery, furniture.

Art Deco.

The son of an admiral in the Imperial navy, Erté was a pupil of Ilya Repin in St Petersburg. He went to Paris at the age of eighteen, apparently attended the Académie Julian and was admitted to the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Jean-Paul Laurens' workshop. He began his career in 1913 with the couturier Paul Poiret. From that year onwards, he designed stage costumes for Mata-Hari, Mistinguett and Gaby Deslys and in 1914 he worked for the journals ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Augsburg.

Painter (mixed media), draughtsman, sculptor, photographer. Figures, nudes, landscapes. Stage costumes and sets.

New Fauves.

Hacker attended the art academy in Munich before settling in Berlin. In 1974, he was guest professor at the school of fine art in Hamburg. After producing works ascribable to kinetic art, Hacker became interested in the problems of creative activity, and displayed them in exhibitions alongside objects based on popular art. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 13 September 1928, in New Castle (Indiana).

Painter, sculptor. Stage sets, stage costumes, posters.

Pop Art.

Robert Indiana trained at the John Herron School of Art, Indianapolis, in 1945 and 1946, then at the Munson-Williams Proctor Institute, Utica (New York), Art Institute of Chicago from 1949 to 1953, Skowhegan School of Painting (Maine), University of Edinburgh and Edinburgh College of Art, and then in London. Afterward, he travelled to Mexico, Europe, and the interior of the USA. In 1958, he moved to New York and, in 1978, settled in Vinhalven, on an island in Maine....

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 1937, in Southampton.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman. Scenes with figures, figures. Stage sets, stage costumes.

Pop Art.

Allen Jones studied painting at Hornsey College of Art from 1955 to 1959, and from 1960 to 1961 (the intervening year was spent at the Royal College of Art in London). He travelled to Paris in 1958, where he discovered the work of Robert Delaunay. He taught in the USA in the mid-1960s, and then returned to live and work in London. He was elected an associate of the Royal Academy in 1981 and a full member in 1986....

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active also active in the USA from 1942.

Born 1904, in Barcelona; died 1994, in Barcelona.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman. Scenes with figures, figures, portraits. Stage costumes.

Joan Junyer began studying at the academy in Barcelona in 1918. He lived in Paris ...

Article

Vietnamese, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1940.

Born 1921 or 1922, in Bich-La-Dong (Quang Tai, Hue); died 7 March 2015, in Paris.

Painter, printmaker, lithographer, draughtsman, sculptor. Stage costumes and sets.

Le Ba Dang came to Paris in 1939 and studied at the Écoles des Beaux-Arts in Toulouse and then Paris. He had his first solo exhibition at the Galerie du Globe in Paris in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1968.

Painter, sculptor, installation artist, performance artist.

Body Art.

Made in Eric's body in its capacity as body-thing ( corps objet) is the starting point of his work. Live or in staged photographs, he puts his body to use as a bicycle-shed, a microphone stand, a pillow, underpants, a chair. Made In Eric featured in the exhibitions ...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active in Italy from 1971.

Born 20 April 1927, in Chisinau-Cris.

Painter, sculptor, graphic designer, designer, interior designer, scenographer. Stage sets, stage costumes, advertising art.

Ion Mitrici graduated from the N. Grigorescu Institute of Fine Arts in Bucharest in 1954. He was a member of the Union of Plastic Artists of Romania ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 9 April 1932, in Caen.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator, sculptor. Scenes with figures, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, stage costumes and sets.

Jacques Pasquier built up an entomological collection from 1946 to 1956, while also drawing comic strips. He started oil painting in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Active in Algeria between 1920 and 1957.

Born 29 September 1895, in Cahors; died 22 June 1974, in Paris.

Sculptor, painter, illustrator. Stage costumes and sets.

Jean Peyrissac's medical studies were interrupted by World War I; after the war, he devoted himself, as a self-taught artist, to the study and practice of painting and sculpture. He went to live in Algiers in ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 20 April 1894, in Modena; died 1956, in Rome.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman (including ink), collage artist, scenographer. Figures, portraits, landscapes, interiors, still-lifes. Stage costumes and sets, marionettes, wall decorations, furniture.

Futurism, Dadaism.

Groups: Cercle et Carré, Abstraction-Création, Group 40.

Enrico Prampolini studied briefly with Diulio Cambellotti at the Accademia di Belle Arti in, Rome, but was expelled in 1913. He wrote his own manifesto, ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 12 February 1936, in Golfe-Juan.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor of assemblages, sculptor (bronze), collage artist, draughtsman, film producer. Stage costumes and sets.

Nouvelle Figuration, Citationism.

Nouveaux Réalistes group.

Martial Raysse studied art in Nice. Although he never studied there, he had numerous friends at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. In October ...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 2 October 1866, in Geneva, to an English father and a French mother; died 7 October 1931, in London.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator. Historical subjects, mythological subjects. Stage costumes and sets.

Son of the painter Robert Ricketts, Charles de Sousy Ricketts studied at the Lambeth School and went on to co-found alongside C.H. Shannon a journal entitled ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 29 October 1930, in Neuilly-sur-Seine; died 22 May 2002, in San Diego (California).

Sculptor, painter (including gouache), watercolourist, collage artist, engraver, draughtswoman, performance artist. Figures. Stage sets, artists’ books, designs (jewels/objets d’art).

Nouvelle Figuration.

Nouveaux Réalistes group.

Niki de Saint-Phalle was educated at the Sacred Heart Convent in New York, where she lived from 1933 to 1951. In 1952 she went to live in Paris with her husband, Harry Matthews, and travelled in Europe. She was a self-taught painter who painted her first canvases in 1953 and then turned to sculpture. In 1960 she met Jean Tinguely, whose companion she became. In the same year Pierre Restany founded the Nouveaux Réalistes group, and Niki de Saint-Phalle joined it in 1961....

Article

Greek, 20th century, female.

Born 1922, in Smyrna (now Izmir).

Sculptor, painter. Masks, stage costumes.

Stathmi Group.

Spiteris studied at the school of fine arts in Athens. She was a member of the avant-garde Stathmi group. She travelled to France, Germany, Austria and Switzerland, familiarizing herself with the latest innovations in sculpture. In her early work, Spiteris first expressed her art using torn, shredded forms, especially in the ...