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Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 30 August 1911, in Norwood (London); died 1991, in Hampstead (London).

Painter, illustrator, muralist, lithographer, collector. Still-lifes, figures, landscapes, nature.

East London Group, London Group.

Phyllis Bray was the daughter of William de Bray, attaché to the mother of the Russian Tsar Nicholas II. Her first husband was the painter John Cooper, and her second was Eric Phillips. She studied on a scholarship at the Slade School of Fine Art, London, where her tutor was Henry Tonks. She was a leading figure in the formation of the ...

Article

Flemish School, 19th century, male.

Born 13 September 1814, in Sept-Fontaines, near Luxembourg; died 19 February 1853, in Ghent.

Engraver, collector.

Article

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Born 22 January 1701, in Amsterdam; died 1781, in Amsterdam.

Draughtsman, engraver, collector.

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 31 October 1692, in Paris; died 5 September 1765, in Paris.

Engraver, draughtsman, collector.

Son of the Comtesse de Caylus, Anne Claude Philippe de Tubières de Caylus fought in the War of the Spanish Succession, and when peace came he travelled in Italy, Greece and Asia Minor, from which he brought back archaeological treasures collected in his search for the ruins of Troy, Ephesus and Colophon. Returning to France, he devoted himself to engraving and issued more than two hundred prints after Rubens, Van Dyck and Leonardo da Vinci, all held in the royal collection. He was made an honorary councillor of the Académie Royale de Peinture et Sculpture on ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 June 1931, in Eatonton (Georgia).

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), collage artist, print artist, sculptor, collector, art historian. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, figure compositions, scenes with figures, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

David C. Driskell earned a BFA at Howard University in ...

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 30 June 1798, in Edinburgh; died 15 May 1869, in London.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, writer, collector. Botanical subjects, insects.

Alexander Dyce was an amateur sketcher and painter. His watercolours and drawings were chiefly of flowers and butterflies.

London (Victoria and Albert Mus.): ...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Florence.

Draughtsman, engraver, collector. Portraits. Vignettes, decorative designs.

Antonio Fedi I published two series of engravings, Bronze Low-reliefs and Marble Group, and drew vignettes for G. Buganza's Treasury of Latin Verse. Three of his engravings from 1788 are preserved in the national library of Florence. F. Rainaldi engraved some of Fedi's portraits of celebrated composers....

Article

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Born 5 May 1852, in Lully, near Morges; died 24 December 1922, in Morges.

Engraver (etching), collector. Urban landscapes, landscapes.

Alexis Forel was both an artist and a chemical engineer. After making a name for himself in science through his study of aniline paints, he moved to Paris and took up etching in ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1853, in Paris; died 1903.

Engraver, collector.

Charles Gillot was the son of Firmin Gillot, inventor of the gillotage etching technique (whereby a waxy ink is rolled onto sidewalls of lines and dots to prevent lateral etching). Charles Gillot had an impressive collection of medieval and Japanese art, which fetched a large sum (827,000 francs) at posthumous auction on ...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 1802, in Amorbach; died 7 September 1846, in Aschaffenburg.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, collector. Church decoration.

He studied a wide range of subjects in Munich. Among other things, he decorated the Catholic church in Nördlingen (Bavaria).

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 29 November 1686, in Paris; died 20 March 1766, in Paris.

Engraver, reproductions engraver, collector. Genre scenes, figures, nudes.

A good friend of Watteau, Jean de Julienne published four volumes of engravings after the works of this artist following his death. One of these volumes contains a short biography of Watteau that appears as an introduction. He made a gift of these volumes to the Académie Royale in Paris. They are preserved by the library at the École des Beaux-Arts. There are four etchings by him: ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 4 April 1762; died 18 June 1827.

Painter, lithographer, collector.

Sir John Fleming Leicester, 1st Lord de Tabley, was a great patron and collector of British paintings. He put together an important collection at Tabley House (his country residence in Cheshire) and in his London house in the early part of the 19th century, with the aim of founding a National Gallery of British Art....

Article

Dutch, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 15 July 1754, in Rotterdam; died 13 March 1839, in Rotterdam.

Draughtsman, engraver, collector.

Article

Flemish School, 19th century, male.

Died 1845, in Pisa.

Painter, caricaturist, engraver (burin), collector. Horses.

Article

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Born 1694 or 1695, in Haarlem; died 10 May 1731, in Haarlem.

Painter, engraver (etching), collector. Religious subjects, figures.

Nicolaus Six was a pupil of Carel de Moor. In 1715 he entered the guild of Haarlem and was deputy mayor of that town. The museum of Bremen has a canvas by him entitled ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in the UK and in France.

Born 1835, in Montauban; died 23 June 1913, in Stoke-on-Trent.

Potter, painter (porcelain), draughtsman, engraver (etching), collector, writer.

Marc Louis Emmanuel Solon was the father of Leon Victor Solon. He used the pseudonym of Milès. He worked in porcelain factories in Sèvres and Stoke-on-Trent....

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 13 January 1814, in Drypool (Yorkshire); died January 1900, in Florence.

Painter, engraver (burin), collector, dealer. Portraits.

William Spence studied in London, Rome and Florence, settling in Florence in 1838. He lived in the Villa Medici, just below Fiesole, where he received artist friends including the Pre-Raphaelite painter William Holman Hunt....

Article

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Active c. 1793.

Watercolourist, engraver (etching), collector.

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 15 February 1751, in Haina; died 26 June 1829, in Eutin.

Painter, engraver (etching), draughtsman, collector. Historical subjects, mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, historical portraits, genre scenes, animals, landscapes with figures.

Johann Heinrich Wilhelm was the pupil of his uncle, Johann Heinrich the Elder. He began his artistic career restoring paintings and copying old masters in the Hamburg studio of his relative, Johann Jacob Tischbein. In 1773, he travelled to Kassel to work as a portrait painter; in 1777, he visited Dresden and Berlin, where he painted the portrait of the Queen of Prussia. In 1779, he was sent to Rome as an envoy of the Hesse court. He also visited Switzerland, where he made a number of drawings for the cleric and writer Johann Kaspar Lavater, and in 1787 he accompanied Goethe on a journey to Naples, where he was appointed director of the city's academy of fine art. A close companion of the poet, he may have influenced Goethe's uncompromising classicism and dislike of Romantic painting. Tischbein was a protégé of Lord Hamilton: he painted the portrait of the celebrated Emma, Lady Hamilton, and engraved the English nobleman's collection of Greek vases. He escaped the French occupation of Naples, fleeing to Kassel and, later, to Hamburg. He is recorded in Eutin in 1808, where he painted portraits until the end of his life. Tischbein's celebrated portrait of the young Goethe (in Frankfurt) demonstrates his masterly draughtsmanship and artful use of discreet yet vibrant colour. The picture typifies the artist's particular brand of 'humane Classicism': a bright, joyful, perenially charming masterpiece by a leading member of the distinguished Tischbein family of painters....

Article

Dutch, 19th century, male.

Active in Amsterdam.

Painter, engraver (etching), collector. Landscapes.