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Article

Bi Long  

Chinese, 18th century, male.

Active during the reign of the Qing Emperor Qianlong (1736-1796).

Born in Taicang (Jiangsu).

Painter.

Bi Long was a painter of bamboos and landscapes and a disciple of Cao Zhibo. He was also a poet and a famous collector of calligraphy and paintings....

Article

Chikuto  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1776; died 1853.

Painter. Landscapes, animals.

Nanga (literati) school.

Chikuto was the son of a doctor in Nagoya. At the age of 15, he became the protégé of the rich businessman and collector Kamiya Ten’yu, who was also from Nagoya and through whom he met many artists and studied Chinese pictorial techniques. It was through Tenyu that Chikuto made the acquaintance of the painter Yamamoto Baiitsu (...

Article

Chinese, 17th century, male.

Active in Qiantang (Zhejiang).

Born 1645; died 1704.

Painter.

Gao Shiqi was an art connoisseur and collector, and was vice-president of the Bureau of Rites. He wrote two treatises: Jiangcun Xiaoxia Lu and Kangzi Xiaoxia Lu.

Article

Chinese, 19th century, male.

Active in the second third of the 19th century.

Painter.

Critic, collector, painter and official, Hua Yilun drew his inspiration from Wang Yuanqi (1642-1715). At the same time, to free himself from formulaic academicism, he also travelled widely to rediscover the original source that had inspired the ancients; nature itself. In his theoretical work, the ...

Article

Kyosai  

Japanese, 19th century, male.

Born 18 May 1831, in Furukawa; died 25 April 1889, in Tokyo.

Painter.

Also known as Kawanabe, Kyosai was a pupil of Utagawa Kuniyoshi and the first collector of the work of his master and friend. He painted large decorative works, sometimes of European inspiration, and worked mainly in Tokyo....

Article

Chinese, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born in Hangzhou (Zhejiang).

Painter.

Shen Shi was a collector of calligraphy and paintings and is known as a bird-and-flower and landscape painter. The Beijing Palace Museum has a signed, dated handscroll by him entitled View of Nine Dragon Mountain...

Article

Chinese, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1634, in Shangqiu (Henan); died 1713.

Painter.

Song Luo was a famous scholar, poet and collector who also painted landscapes, orchids and bamboo.

Article

Chinese, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1532, in Huating (Jiangsu); died 1610.

Painter.

Sun Kehong was a scholarly figure, a collector and a lover of ancient things. He was one of a group of painters of the school of Huating, the city where he was born. These artists worked in a softer, more lyrical style than Shen Zhou (...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1947.

Born 14 February 1907; died 2003.

Painter. Landscapes, flowers.

Wang Jiqian was a collector of literati paintings and Song and Yuan dynasty landscapes. In 1973 he presented part of his major collection to the Metropolitan Museum in New York. He was also a painter and calligrapher in his own right and a careful observer of the passage of the seasons on plants. In ...

Article

Wang Wu  

Chinese, 17th century, male.

Born 1632, in Suzhou (Jiangsu); died 1690.

Painter. Landscapes, animals, flowers.

Wang Wu was an expert and a collector who painted flowers, birds, insects and landscapes. He was very much admired by Wang Shimin (1592-1680).

London (British Mus.): Two Pheasants and Two White Birds near a Tree in Flower...

Article

Chinese, 12th century, male.

Active at the end of the 12th century.

Painter.

Wanyan Tao was a cousin of the Jin emperor Zhangzong (1190-1208). He was the Duke of Miguo and was known as a scholar, collector and painter.

Article

Chinese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1766, in Xiushui (Zhejiang); died 1852.

Painter.

Wen Ding was an expert, a collector and a painter. He painted landscapes, pine trees and stones in the style of Wen Zhengming (1470-1559).

Article

Chinese, 19th century, male.

Born 1835, in Jiangsu; died 1902.

Painter, draughtsman, calligrapher. Landscapes.

Wu Dacheng was a painter, calligrapher, archaeologist and collector and a pupil of Tao-Shaoyuan.

New York, 2 June 1988: Landscape in the Style of Huang He Shanqiao (ink on paper...

Article

Chinese, 17th century, male.

Born 1597, in Jiaxing (Zhejiang); died 1656 or 1658.

Painter.

Xiang Shengmo was the grandson of the painter and famous collector Xiang Yuanbian (1525-1602). Like several artists of the end of the Ming period, he followed the theories of Dong Qichang (...

Article

Chinese, 16th century, male.

Born 1525, in Jiaxing (Zhejiang); died 1590, or 1602.

Painter.

Xiang Yuanbian was a well-known expert and collector. He also painted landscapes in the style of the Yuan masters, as well as plum blossom, orchids, bamboos and stones.

Beijing (Palace Mus.): ...

Article

Chinese, 15th century, male.

Born 1423, in Jiashan, now Ningbo (Zhejiang); died 1495.

Painter, calligrapher, poet.

Yao Shou was the son of Yao Fu, a collector of calligraphy and paintings. He passed the national triennial examinations with the grade jinshi (accepted scholar) in the reign of Emperor Tanshun (...

Article

Chinese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1768, in Jiaxing (Zhejiang); died 1848.

Painter, draughtsman, calligrapher.

Zhang Tingji was also a famous collector of paintings and antiques.

New York, 25 Nov 1991: Calligraphy (ink on paper, two stanzas in seal script, 36¼ × 7¾ ins/92.1 × 19.7 cm) ...

Article

Chinese, 9th century, male.

Born c. 810; died c. 880.

Art critic, art historian, collector.

The scion of an illustrious line of officials, Zhang Yanyuan probably took his first steps as an art historian in his family’s own rich collections. He wrote a monumental work of art history, the ...

Article

Chinese, 12th century, male.

Born 1168; died 1208.

Painter. Figures.

Zhangzong was a Jin emperor who reigned from 1190 to 1208. He was also a painter, patron and collector.

Article

Chinese, 12th – 13th century, male.

Active c. 1190 or c. 1230.

Painter.

Zhao Xigu was an erudite artist who wrote the Dong Tian Qing Lu Ji, a guide for aesthetes and antique collectors. The book has 10 chapters, one of which concerns painting. It contains valuable information on the practices of various painters and discusses mounting, the positioning of signatures and seals, and copies and forgeries. His book is still useful, especially when it comes to problems of authentication....