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American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 19 January 1964, in Freeport, Bahamas.

Sculptor, performance artist, installation artist, photographer.


Janine Antoni studied at Sarah Lawrence College, New York, obtaining a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1986, and the Rhode Island School of Design, where she received a master's degree in sculpture in ...


American, 20th century, female.

Born 1929, in New York.

Painter, draughtswoman. Artists’ books.

Pop Art, Identity Art (Feminist Art).

Ida Applebroog studied at the New York Institute of Applied Arts and Sciences and the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. She lived briefly in California, teaching at the University of California, San Diego, and exhibiting her sculptures locally (as Ida Horowitz). After moving to New York in ...


American, 20th century, female.

Born 30 July 1939, in Chicago.

Painter, sculptor, installation artist.

Identity Art (Feminist Art).

Judy Chicago studied at the school of the Art Institute of Chicago, receiving a BFA in 1962, and at the University of California in Los Angeles, earning an MFA in 1964. She pioneered feminist art in the USA, taking for herself the surname of Chicago as a protest against patriarchal naming practices. She set up the first feminist art programme at Fresno State College in 1970. She also worked in collaboration with Miriam Schapiro. A graduate of the University of California, she lives and works in Belen (New Mexico). She teaches in American universities, and has received many distinctions and awards. Her main themes are feminism and sexuality. She first and foremost sought to bring about in her paintings a specifically 'feminine' artistic vision. Her well-known installation ...


American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 18 June 1960, in New York City.

Performance artist, writer, art historian, curator. Multimedia, video, film, Internet art. Multiculturalism, feminism.

Coco Fusco studied semiotics at Brown University (1982) and received a MA in Modern Thought and Literature from Stanford University (...


American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 20 September 1948, in New York.

Draughtswoman, performance artist, installation artist, collage artist.

Conceptual Art, Identity Art (Feminist Art).

Adrian Margaret Piper was a student at the School of Visual Arts in New York in 1966. In 1970 she enrolled at the City College, New York, and was awarded a Doctorate in Philosophy at Harvard in ...


American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 12 October 1939, in Fox Chase (Pennsylvania).

Performance artist, assemblage artist, installation artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Neo-Dadaism, Feminist Art, Body Art.

Carolee Schneemann received a BA from Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, and an MFA from the University of Illinois. She also studied at Columbia University School of Painting and Sculpture, New York; the New School for Social Research; and Universidad de Puebla, Mexico. She has taught at the University of Illinois (...


American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 19 January 1954 , in Glen Ridge (New Jersey).

Photographer, filmmaker Figures, portraits.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism), Identity Art (Feminist Art).

In 1972, Cindy Sherman enrolled at the State University of New York at Buffalo, first focusing on painting before discovering the expressive potential in photography. While in college, Sherman began to formulate characters. At first a personal exploration of identity, the characters became the basis of her photographic art. Sherman’s early works were influenced by conceptual and performance artists such as Lynda Benglis and Vito Acconci. To create her photographs, Sherman works alone, acting as model, makeup artist, costume designer, and photographer. Her characters are often suggested to the artist through experimentation with costume, props, and prosthetics that alter and even distort her appearance....


British, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1947, in London.

Collage, video, sculpture.

Penny Slinger is known for her surrealist perspective on sexual liberation and self-transgression. She came of age during the 1960s sexual liberation, which has strongly influenced her artistic practice. Singer’s body of work consists of many different mediums including collage, video, and sculpture. She now lives in California.

Slinger graduated from the Chelsea College of Art in 1969, with a thesis based on the work of Max Ernst. Her close relationship with the artist can be credited for the influence European Surrealism plays in her work. Slinger combines the Surrealist’s exploration of self-transgression with subject matter prevalent in the radical counter-culture movements of the 1960s and 1970s, as well as Ancient Egyptian and Tantric mythology and imagery.

The artist first started working with collage novels after making a film homage to Max Ernst’s novel Une Semaine de Bonté (...


British, 20th century, female.

Born 1934, in London; died 1992, in London.

Photographer, activist, educator.

Jo Spence left school at the age of 13 and enrolled in secretarial college. It was her secretarial position at the small commercial photographers Photo Coverage that first ignited her passion for the medium. Spence subsequently completed a training course at Kodak and gained experience through a number of support roles for photographers including Walter Curtin. From humble beginnings she became a highly vocal, radical, and influential figure in photography. Throughout her life Spence was also active as a writer, activist, and educator and preferred to be known as a ‘cultural sniper’. Throughout her career Spence made contributions to a huge range of genres and inspired other artists to rethink the portrayal of sexuality, family, and class through the photographic image.

In 1967, Spence opened her own photographic portrait studio in Hampstead specializing in weddings and family portraits and creating portfolios for professional use. In the early 1970s, Spence became involved with the Children’s Rights Workshop, through which she began to challenge the conventions associated with photographing children in domestic photography. During this time she met photographer Terry Dennett who would become her partner and a long-term collaborator. Together they documented marginalized communities such as the Traveller community living under the Westway Bridge in west London....


American, 20th century, female.

Born 24 August 1926, in Cleveland.

Painter, draughtsman, collage artist, installation artist. Figures.

Identity Art (Feminist Art).

During the 1950s, Nancy Spero was a student at the Art Institute of Chicago, where she met the painter Leon Golub, whom she later married. In ...


American, 20th century, female.

Born 9 June 1924, in Boston.

Painter. Contemporary art, feminism, political art, civil rights. Figures, people, historical subjects, current events.

May Stevens studied at the Massachusetts College of Art and Design in 1946 and the Art Students League in New York in 1948. She met the artist Rudolf Baranik at the Art Students League and they were married, had a son, and lived together until Baranik’s death in 1998. The couple also shared a studio in New York until 1997 and then relocated to New Mexico in 1998. Shortly after their marriage, Baranik and Stevens went to Paris and Stevens studied at the Academie Julian. In 1960, Stevens earned her Master of Fine Arts equivalency from the New York Department of Education and taught secondary education to support herself and her family while also maintaining her painting career. Stevens also taught part-time at The School of Visual Arts in New York from ...


Vietnamese, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1952, in Hanoi, Vietnam.

Film-maker, writer, composer. Feminism, race, post-colonialism, diaspora.

Trinh T. Minh-ha studied piano and music composition at the National Conservatory of Music and Theater in Saigon and comparative literature at the University of Saigon before migrating to the United States in ...


Polish, 20th century, female.

Born 23 April 1941, in Wroclaw.

Painter, sculptor, mixed media, poet.

Art Brut.

Léna Vandrey settled in Provence in 1958, having lived since the end of World War II in Germany. She was part of the feminist movement and her work is, by her own admission, 'intended to imbue women with a sense of their own history'....


American, 20th century, female.

Born 7 March 1940, in Butler (New York); died 28 January 1993, in Houston, of cancer.

Sculptor (mixed media), photographer, painter, installation artist, performance artist.

Feminist Art.

Hannah Wilke studied at Tyler School of Fine Arts, Temple University, Philadelphia, obtaining a bachelor of science and a bachelor of fine arts degree in ...