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Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 30 April 1764, in Milan; died 11 February 1849, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), watercolourist, engraver (line-engraving). Allegorical subjects, historical subjects, battles, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Decorative schemes, church decoration, decorative designs.

After studying in Milan and Rome, Ademollo was invited to Florence to decorate the Teatro della Pergola (which has since been destroyed). He settled in Florence until his death and was widely regarded as one of the neo-classical masters of the Tuscan School. At the start of his career, he painted principally arabesques, but went on to develop his technique to the point where Ferdinand III commissioned him to decorate the Pitti Palace and to paint historical and allegorical subjects for its individual rooms. One of his best-known works is ...

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Born 28 September 1686, in Benediktbeuren (Bavaria); died 1739, in Weltenburg Convent.

Painter, fresco artist, engraver, draughtsman, decorative designer. Religious subjects.

Son of the painter Hans Georg Asam. After learning the basics of his art he moved to Rome where he studied for several years before being awarded the coveted Accademia di San Luca Prize in ...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 29 September 1703, in Paris; died 30 May 1770, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman (including red chalk/ink/wash), illustrator, engraver, lithographer. Historical subjects, mythological subjects, religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, rustic scenes, genre scenes, interiors with figures, animals, landscapes with figures, landscapes...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1737, in Winchester; died 27 November 1813, in Winchester.

Painter. Decorative schemes, historical, mythological and religious subjects.

William Cave belonged to a family of artists and engravers. He married Ann Broadway in 1759. He and his three sons were active in the Winchester area, painting religious scenes in the Catholic chapel, mythological figures in the theatre and decorative panels wherever required....

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 16 October 1726, in Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland); died 7 February 1801, in Berlin.

Painter, engraver, miniaturist, enameller, illustrator. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Of Polish origin, he went to Berlin in 1743. Originally a painter of enamels, he then, after studying under Christian Bernhard Rode, gained a name for himself through the publication of the Berlin academy almanac, for which he executed a series of plates illustrating the main scenes of the ...

Article

French, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 11 April 1661, in Paris; died 7 January 1722, in Paris.

Painter, pastellist, engraver, decorative designer, draughtsman. History painting, religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Antoine Coypel was the most famous artist of the Coypel family, though he was not perhaps the most talented. He was the son of Noël Coypel and assumed his father's role as director of the French academy in Rome in 1672. He began to demonstrate artistic leanings when he was just a boy, and this caught the attention of Bernini, who became his mentor. However, the rapid success he enjoyed as a young man, along with the flattery heaped upon him by self-interested people wishing to curry favour with his father, had a negative effect on his artistic temperament. When he returned to France he found that he already had a reputation in his homeland as a sort of prodigal child. Soon after his return to France in 1681, he was admitted into the Académie: he was just 20 years old at the time. In 1710 he was appointed director of drawings and paintings of the king's Cabinet. In 1714 he was made a director of the Académie. In 1715 he became first painter to the king. And in 1717 he obtained his letters patent of nobility....

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born May 1743, in Auxerre; died 17 March 1804, in Stockholm.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink/wash), engraver (etching), caricaturist, decorative artist, architect. Religious subjects, historical subjects, military subjects, church interiors, architectural interiors, landscapes with figures, landscapes, urban views, harbour scenes, architectural views, costume studies...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 25 January 1657, in Castel del Piano; died 3 July 1736, in Siena.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman (including wash/ink), decorative designer. Religious subjects. Murals.

Giuseppe Nicolo Nasini was the son and pupil of Francesco Nasini. Later, he worked with Ciro Ferri and was employed by the Grand Duke of Tuscany to produce decorative work for the Pitti Palace. He also painted the ceiling of the Bracciana chapel in the church of the SS Apostoli, produced a painting in the basilica of S Giovanni in Laterano in Rome, a ...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 3 March 1700, in Nîmes; died 29 August 1777, in Castelgandolfo.

Watercolourist, painter (gouache), engraver, draughtsman, decorative artist. History painting, religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, figures, portraits, landscapes with figures. Designs for tapestries.

Charles Joseph Natoire was the son of the Nîmes architect and sculptor Florent Natoire, who in due course sent his son to Paris to study painting under Le Moine. In 1721 Charles Joseph was awarded the first prize for painting with ...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Active also active in Spain.

Born 14 January 1671, in Rome; died 17 June 1734, in San Ildefonso.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects, genre scenes. Wall decorations.

Andrea Procaccini may have been a member of the famous Procaccini family of Bologna and Milan but it is not certain. He was a pupil of Carlo Maratta, whose style he imitated. With Pope Clement XI as his patron, he worked in various churches in Rome, particularly San Giovanni in Laterano, for which he painted a work representing ...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 5 March 1696, in Venice; died 27 March 1770, in Madrid.

Painter, fresco artist, engraver, draughtsman, decorative designer. History painting, religious subjects, mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, genre scenes, portraits. Murals.

Venetian School.

Giovanni Battista Tiepolo came from a wealthy family. His father Domenico di Giovanni Tiepolo, a ship’s captain, died in 1697, leaving six children from his marriage to Orsola Jugali. Tiepolo was enrolled in the Venetian painters’ guild in 1717, and in 1719 he married Cecilia Guardi, sister of the painter Francesco Guardi. Nine children were born of this union: five sons, of whom two (Giovanni Domenico and Lorenzo) became artists, and four daughters. Tiepolo trained under Gregorio Lazzarini, who enjoyed a considerable reputation in Italy at this time, but the young artist seems to have preferred to model his early work on that of Paolo Caliari and the more delicate Giambattista Piazzetta, before developing a mature style of his own. Together, Tiepolo and Guardi breathed new life into the Venetian school in the 18th century; however the jealousy and intrigues of Anton Raphael Mengs seem to have cast a shadow over the last years of Tiepolo’s life. Tiepolo’s work shows that he had a powerfully creative imagination. For the first 20 or so years of his career, he worked in Venice and the Veneto region. His earliest works were probably the frescoes he painted for the chapel of St Theresa in the church of the Scalzi in Venice (c. 1720). In 1726 he decorated the chapel of the Holy Sacrament in Udine Cathedral, and also worked in the archbishop’s palace. In 1731 he was in Milan, working in Palazzo Archinto and Palazzo Arcugnani. In 1733 he went to Bergamo, where he painted the ceiling of the Colleoni Chapel with ...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 1703, in Cholet; died 11 May 1739, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer, engraver (etching). Religious subjects, mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, genre scenes, landscapes.

Had he lived longer, Pierre Charles Tremolière would certainly have been counted among the best decorators of the 18th century. He was the son of an Angevin gentleman who died young and whose wife soon remarried. He was sent to stay with a relation in Paris and entered the workshop of Van Loo, where he made rapid progress that was rewarded by a third-place medal in October 1723, a second-place medal in April 1724, a first-place in July 1725, and the second-place Grand Prix for the Rome scholarship in 1726. Under the patronage of the count of Caylus, however, he did obtain a scholarship and set off for Rome in 1728 with five other scholarship holders: the painters Bernard, Subleyras and Blanchet, the sculptor Michel René Slodtz, and the architect Étienne Le Bon....

Article

Spanish, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1661, in Seville; died 1724, in Cádiz.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, decorative designer. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, genre scenes. Murals.

Lucas de Valdés studied under his father, Juan de Valdés Leal. At the end of his career he was appointed as a mathematics teacher at the naval college in Cádiz, but he continued as an artist, working mainly as a draughtsman and engraver....

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 18 June 1716, in Montpellier; died 27 March 1809, in Paris.

Painter, decorative designer, engraver (etching). Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

Joseph-Marie Vien the Elder first studied under Giral in Montpellier, then with Natoire and Parrocel at the École de l'Académie Royale in Paris, at the same time earning his living by working for an art dealer. He won the Prix de Rome in 1742 and was sent to the Académie in Rome the following year. He stayed there for five years, not only pursuing his academic studies and making copies of old masters, but also painting numerous pictures for churches and designing costumes and triumphal chariots for masquerades. An indefatigable worker, he earned enough by his varied activities to supplement the royal bursary and did not return to France until 1750, staying briefly in Marseilles and Tarascon. Once back in Paris, however, he represented a very different concept of art from that currently dominant at the Académie de Peinture et de Sculpture. He reacted against the affected imitators of Pietro da Cortona, Francesco Albano and the decadent artists of Bologna, and proposed a return to serious study of classical and Renaissance masters. His artistic choices did not recommend him to academicians, and it has only after vigorous intervention by François Boucher that he was admitted to the Académie on 30 March 1754, on presentation of his ...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 9 January 1679, in Venice; died 1740, in Dresden (?).

Painter, engraver (burin/etching), decorative designer. Religious subjects, historical subjects, costume studies.

Andrea Zucchi was a brilliant scene painter and went to Dresden in this capacity in 1736. He made engravings of religious and historical subjects after the best painters in Venice, and designed costumes....