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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1920, in Washington; died 1985.

Painter, environmental artist.

Minimal Art.

Gene Davis studied at the University of Maryland from 1939 to 1942 and at the Wilson Teachers' College in Washington in 1943. He initially worked as a political journalist before teaching himself to paint. He took part in many group exhibitions, notably: in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1 October 1935, in Albany (California); died 25 July 2013, in Los Angeles.

Sculptor, draughtsman.

Minimal Art, Land Art.

Walter De Maria studied the history of art at the University of Berkeley, and earned his MFA in 1959. His work cannot be neatly categorized within a single movement, but rather reaches across boundaries and includes Conceptual, Land, Installation, and Minimal Art. He initially participated in the Minimalist movement, of which he was one of the leaders with Robert Morris, Carl Andre, and Donald Judd, reducing his sculptures to simple geometric shapes and strategically engaging the use of gallery space in the interpretation of his works. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1 April 1933, in Jamaica (New York); died 29 December 1996, in New York.

Sculptor, installation artist, environmental artist, engraver.

Minimal Art.

Dan Flavin entered the Brooklyn Seminary in order to become a priest. He then trained as a meteorologist with the American army in Korea. He subsequently attended the New College of Social Research, New York, in ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1944, in New York.

Sculptor, draughtsman, photographer, painter, installation.

Land Art, Environmental Art.

Richard Fleischner graduated from the Rhode Island School of Design with a BFA in 1966 and an MFA in 1968, both degrees focusing on sculpture. During the 1970s and 1980s, Fleischner became a leading figure in environmental art....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 5 April 1938, in Worcester, Massachusetts; died 8 February 2014, in New York.

Sculptor, installation artist, filmmaker, photographer. Land Art, Environmental Art, Public Art, Post-Minimalism.

Nancy Holt received a BA in Biology from Tufts University in 1960 and then briefly travelled through Europe, before moving to New York City. There, she met influential Minimalist and Post-Minimalist artists, many of whom would become collaborators, including: Carl Andre, Dan Graham, Eva Hesse, Joan Jonas, Donald Judd, Sol LeWitt, Robert Morris, and Richard Serra. Holt’s early artistic output was primarily photography, video, and Concrete poetry, mediums in which she continued to work throughout her career....

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 1929, in London.

Painter, environmental artist.

Minimal Art.

Peter Joseph is a self-taught painter who worked initially in advertising. Joseph's painting shows the influence of the American Abstract Expressionists - notably Newman, Rothko and Kelly; his work is also comparable in effect to Minimalist art. His canvases play on colour tonalities, and feature a sensitive use of light, sometimes heightened by 'all-over' painting techniques ( ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1958.

Born 4 March 1932, in Nagoya (Aichi Prefecture).

Painter, installation artist, environmental artist.

Minimal Art.

After graduating from Tokyo fine arts univesity, Tadaaki Kuwayama settled in New York. He initially painted Abstracts in a style based on a deliberately ‘anti-spiritual’ attitude designed to make the work foreign to the artist’s spirit. Subsequently he created installations and environments, making geometric spatial constructions out of small aluminium modules, as in ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 27 May 1944, in New York City.

Installation artist, sculptor, designer. Land Art, environmental art, site-specific art.

Mary Miss studied at the University of California at Santa Barbara, graduating with a BA in 1966. She received her MFA from the Rhinehart School of Sculpture at the Maryland Art Institute in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Active in Italy from 1951.

Born 20 December 1924, in Brooklyn (New York City).

Sculptor, painter.

Minimal Art, Earth Art Movement.

Beverly Pepper began working as a commercial art director in New York City, then studied advertising design, photography and industrial design at the Pratt Institute and attended the Art Students League in New York. She also attended night classes at Brooklyn College, where she studied art theory under Gyorgy Kepes, who introduced her to the work of Laszló Moholy-Nagy and Man Ray. She studied painting at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, in Paris, and worked under Fernand Léger and André Lhote. During travels in Japan and Cambodia she was influenced by Japanese Haniwa funerary statues and Khmer statuary. Pepper moved to Italy in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1923, in Neisse (now Nysa, Poland).

Painter, sculptor, environmental artist.

Op Art, Minimal Art.

Quinte was a student at the school of art in Bernstein from 1946 to 1950. In 1959-1960 he was a part-time lecturer at the school of decorative arts in Krefeld....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1943, in Bronxville (New York); died 23 June 2003.

Installation artist, draughtsman.

Conceptual Art, Land Art, Minimal Art.

Fred Sandback gained a degree in philosophy at Yale before studying sculpture at Yale School of Art and Architecture where he was taught by Jack Tworkov and George Kubler and attended lectures given by Donald Judd and Robert Morris....

Article

Canadian, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 11 May 1944, in Quebec, Canada.

Sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist.

Land Art, Environmental Art, Installation Art.

George Trakas attended Sir George Williams University in Montreal in 1962–1963, relocating to New York City in 1963. He earned a BS degree from New York University in ...