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Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1956, in Idar-Oberstein.

Painter lithographer, photographer.

Minimal Art.

Heiner Blumenthal studied at the academies of fine arts in Berlin and Hamburg, under the direction of Franz Erhard Walther. He also studied in Berlin with Fred Thieler, whose style was a dynamic version of Informel, and worked in the early 1980s when Expressionist Figurative was the fashion, Blumenthal was distinctive for preserving a very spare style. He lives and works in Cologne. He first exhibited in Berlin in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 9 September 1933, in Déols (Indre).

Engraver, draughtsman, painter.

Minimal Art.

At the age of 14 Bonargent began an apprenticeship in painting and decorating and then started work. He was interested in art and attended evening classes at the École des Beaux-Arts in Châteauroux from ...

Article

Spanish, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1949, in Saragossa.

Painter (gouache), engraver.

Minimal Art.

In 1972, José Broto settled in Barcelona and remained there for 13 years until moving to Paris in 1985. He was awarded first prize at the Salon de Montrouge in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 4 May 1937, in Houston.

Sculptor, print artist, monotype artist.

Minimal Art.

Mel Edwards studied at the University of Southern California, the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Chouinard Art Institute, Los Angeles. He began teaching at Rutgers University, near New Brunswick (New Jersey), in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1 April 1933, in Jamaica (New York); died 29 December 1996, in New York.

Sculptor, installation artist, environmental artist, engraver.

Minimal Art.

Dan Flavin entered the Brooklyn Seminary in order to become a priest. He then trained as a meteorologist with the American army in Korea. He subsequently attended the New College of Social Research, New York, in ...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1934, in Montreal; died September 2000.

Painter, engraver.

Minimal Art.

Yves Gaucher gave up painting between 1960 and 1964 in order to concentrate solely on engraving, after training for four years in an engraving studio at the École des Beaux-Arts in Montreal. He used new techniques in relief engraving and achieved textural effects in informal realism. He progressively introduced line as a simple element. Stimulated by reading Albers' ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1947.

Sculptor, lithographer, installation artist.

Minimal Art.

Maren Hassinger is an adjunct professor at the State University of New York, Stony Brook. She works with wire which she treats as she would textile. Her pieces, which she has described as 'kinetic', seem subjected to the elements and to behave in the way of plants, even set inside a gallery. This is her way of referring to an era when nature was not threatened by human activity and to the rural past of African Americans. She is the author of numerous open-air installations such as ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 1935, in Brünig.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver.

Minimal Art.

Pierre Haubensak lives and works in Zurich and has exhibited there both solo and in retrospectives, including at the Helmhaus Gallery in 1996 and at the Fine Arts Museum in 2002.

Haubenzak's painting exists in and of itself. He paints canvases with stripes of colour which are repeated at fixed intervals. His ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1960.

Painter, printmaker.

Minimal Art.

Jacqueline Humphries studied at the Parsons School of Design in New York in 1985, and with the Whitney Museum Independent Study Program in 1986. She lives in New York City, where she creates paintings and prints influenced by American abstract approaches of the 1960s, and by the work of David Salle. Techniques she has used include colour-field, dripping, over-painting, the 'non-relational' and the 'all-over', as when she covers the canvas with different colours which run when the canvas is held vertically. She often works in series, such as her pattern paintings of the early 1990s, which are formed of paint spots and short brushstrokes which spread pattern-like across the painting. In the mid-1990s she engaged in her red 'poured' paintings, and later she created her horizon pictures, which were brilliantly coloured and horizontally oriented. She has since made a series of black paintings, and says that she wants her paintings to be a kind of dramatic physical event in the moment of viewing....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active in Italy.

Born 9 September 1928, in Hartford (Connecticut); died 8 April 2007, in New York.

Painter (gouache), installation artist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Artists’ books.

Conceptual Art, Minimal Art.

From 1945 to 1949 Sol LeWitt was a student at the University of Syracuse, New York. In 1951–1952 he did military service in Japan and Korea. By 1953 he was studying in New York at Cartoons Illustrators, which later became the School of Visual Arts. He worked for the magazine ...

Article

Singaporean, 20th century, female.

Active and naturalised in England.

Born 16 February 1936; died 1997.

Sculptor, printmaker.

Minimal Art.

Kim Lim grew up in Singapore and moved to London at the age of 18 to study at St Martins School of Art (1954-1956) and at Slade School of Art (...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Bronxville (New York).

Painter, draughtsman, engraver.

Minimal Art.

Brice Marden was a student from 1958 to 1961 at the Boston University School of Fine and Applied Arts, and then, from 1961 to 1963, at the School of Art and Architecture at Yale University, where he attended the courses given by Josef Albers together with Robert Mangold and Richard Serra. He arrived in New York in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1954.

Painter, lithographer.

Minimal Art.

Jean-François Maurige paints monochromes crossed by one stripe. His lithographs stand out for being printed on both sides, drawing effects from the paper transparency. He has taken part in collective exhibitions, notably, Beneath the Surface: A Survey of the Contemporary Print...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 9 February 1931, in Kansas City.

Sculptor, painter, performance artist, draughtsman, engraver.

Conceptual Art, Minimal Art, Process Art, Antiform.

From 1948 to 1950 Robert Morris studied engineering and art at the University of Kansas City and from 1950 to 1952 at the California School of Fine Arts, San Francisco. In 1961 he studied art history at Hunter College, New York. He settled in Gardiner, New York State....

Article

Mexican, 20th century, female.

Active from 1957 and naturalised in the USA, since 1971 active in France.

Born 17 June 1943, in Mexico.

Painter, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver.

Minimal Art.

Edda Renouf made her first trip to Paris in 1963-1964 to study at the Sorbonne and the Académie Julian. She returned to New York, where she studied at the Art Students' League (...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Nashville (Tennessee).

Painter, engraver.

Minimal Art.

Robert Ryman arrived in New York in the 1950s after completing his military service, hoping to follow a career as a jazz musician. Self-taught, his initiation into contemporary art was due primarily to his job as a museum guard at the prestigious Museum of Modern Art in New York. There he met Dan Flavin and Sol Le Witt and struck up a friendship with them both. He also enrolled in the Black Mountain College. In about ...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 24 September 1937, in Montreal.

Painter, engraver, collage artist, sculptor.

Minimal Art.

Henry Saxe studied in Albert Dumouchal's studio at the École des Beaux-Arts in Montreal from 1956 until 1961. He has visited the USA several times, and lives and works in Tamworth (Ontario)....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 2 November 1939, in San Francisco (California), United States.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, installation artist, performance artist, video artist.

Process Art, Minimal Art.

Richard Serra first studied literature at the University of California in Berkeley and Santa Barbara, working at a steel mill to support himself. He then gained a degree in fine arts and painting at Yale University, where he collaborated on Joseph Albers’ work, ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 12 May 1936, in Malden (Massachusetts).

Painter, collage artist, sculptor, printmaker, mixed media.

Colour Field Painting, Post-painterly Abstraction, Minimal Art.

Frank Stella studied painting at the Phillips Academy in Andover and history at Princeton University, graduating in 1958. In 1959 he moved to New York, and took part in his first major exhibition, Sixteen Americans, at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. The following year he held his first solo exhibition at the Leo Castelli Gallery in New York, showing his earliest irregularly shaped canvases. Stella visited Europe in 1961, staying mainly in Britain, Spain, and France, before moving on to Morocco. In the same year he married the art critic Barbara Rose. In 1982, he spent a year in Rome at the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 1983, he was appointed a professor at Harvard University and gave a series of lectures there....

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, in Wallasey.

Painter, engraver.

Minimal Art.

Ian Tyson settled in London. His works have a great simplicity and, like those of Flavin or Turrell, are in the tradition of the exploration of light. Tyson took part in the exhibition ...