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Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Engraver, marquetry worker. Religious subjects. Religious furnishings.

From 1331 to 1335, Andrea di Martino da Siena worked on the choir stalls at Orvieto Cathedral with Giovanni Ammanati da Siena and under the direction of Niccolo di Nuto. A record survives there showing his signature and the sum he was paid....

Article

German, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born 1472, in Kronach (Bavaria); died 16 October 1553, in Weimar.

Painter, engraver, decorative artist. Mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, religious subjects, portraits.

Danube School (or style of).

Nothing is known of the start of Cranach's career or who his master was. The earliest of his extant paintings date from between 1502 and 1505, by which time he was already 30 years old, and they differ markedly from the rest of his work. Their style suggests that the young Cranach had been heavily influenced by Jan Pollak (or Pollonus) of Cracow, who settled in Munich about 1480. It also seems likely that Cranach went to Vienna about 1502, because his ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1498 or 1510, in Udine; died 1580, in Venice.

Painter, fresco artist, draughtsman (including sanguine/ink), engraver (including etching/burin), decorative designer. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, historical subjects, battles, portraits, figures. Ornaments, designs (majolica), theatre decoration, murals.

Some scholars believe that Giovanni Battista Franco was born in 1498, others in 1510. If he was born in Udine, as the former maintain, it would not exclude him from Venetian citizenship, as Udine had come under Venetian domination in 1445. At a very young age, he travelled to Rome, where he conceived a boundless admiration for Michelangelo, who was then at the height of his powers. According to Vasari, there was not a subject or sketch by Michelangelo that Franco did not religiously draw; and it is said that Giovanni Battista Franco was the best draughtsman of his era....

Article

German, 15th century, male.

Engraver, painter. Religious subjects. Religious furnishings (altars).

He worked in Bamberg at the end of the 15th century. He was previously presumed to have been the same artist as Lucas Cranach, but today this assumption is contested. He was, however, certainly influenced by the art of Franconia....

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1536, in Rome; died 20 May 1601, in Rome.

Painter, engraver, decorative artist, miniaturist. Historical subjects, religious subjects. Church decoration.

Paris Nogari is to be ranked among the imitators of Raffaello Motta. While still young he was employed at the Vatican and worked in the Loggia, where his painting ...

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1500; died before 17 October 1550, in Leipzig.

Painter, engraver (burin/copper). Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, nudes, portraits. Wall decorations.

Nuremberg School.

While his date and place of birth are not known exactly, Georges Pencz is recorded as having taken out Nuremberg citizenship on 8 August 1523, which implies that he had by then reached adulthood. He may or may not have studied under Albrecht Dürer, but the influence of the latter is unmistakable. However, Pencz was one of many assistants to Dürer while the latter was engaged in the decoration of Nuremberg's town hall in 1521 and he was even entrusted with painting compositions that decorate the south wall.It appears that Pencz was either apprenticed to the Beham brothers or in some way associated with them; when the brothers were banished from Nuremberg on account of their alleged 'atheist and anarchist ways', Pencz was banished alongside them. He initially had considerable difficulty finding work on his return to Nuremberg a short time later, and it is reported that he was finally hired by the city of Nuremberg to restore paintings in public buildings. It is not known whether he worked as an engraver prior to 1535, the date that features on one of his plates, but he travelled to Italy several times after 1529, and that he spent time in both Mantua and Venice. Passavant believes that Pencz took courses in engraving at the college of Marc Antonio Raimondi; further, that he is to be credited with the 'disciple of Raimondi' engraving of the ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 15 January 1481, in Ancaiano, near Siena; died 6 January 1536, in Rome.

Painter (including fresco), decorative artist, engraver, draughtsman, architect. Religious subjects.

Nothing is known of Baldassare Peruzzi’s early training, but his prolific career as an architect, painter and draughtsman began in Siena. He is first recorded as painter of the frescoes in the chapel of S Giovanni in Siena Cathedral (...

Article

Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1495; died 1568, in Louvain.

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), engraver, decorative designer. Religious subjects. Murals.

A painting preserved in Berlin proves that Van Rillaert was active in 1528. In 1547, he was retained as a painter by the city of Louvain. He married Madeleine du Vivier and had one son by her (Jan van Rillaert II). In 1549, he painted the principal decorations for the visit to Louvain of Philippe II and, the following year, he decorated a room in the town hall. Van Rillaert worked in various churches and convents in and around Louvain. His body of work includes a number of paintings preserved in the Louvain church of St Peter, among them: ...

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Active in Nancy 1522-1542.

Born in Lunéville.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects. Wall decorations.

Gabriel Salmon was herald at arms to Duke Antoine and decorated the Franciscan chapel and the chapel of the Château de Gondreville.

Article

Dutch, 16th century, male.

Born 1526, in Leeuwarden; died between 1606 and 1609, in Antwerp.

Painter, architect, draughtsman, engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features, decorative artist, art restorer. Religious subjects, landscapes, architectural views, interiors, church interiors, gardens, decorative motifs (grotesques), models (buildings).

Prague School.

Hans Vredeman de Vries was a pupil of Cornelis Floris (Cornelis Cornelis de Vriendt) and studied painting in Amsterdam. He was a great traveller and went to Mechelen, to Antwerp in 1549 and again in 1562 and from 1575 to 1585 and then to Leipzig. In 1586, he went to Frankfurt and then Brunswick, where he was based until 1596. In 1591 he was in Hamburg. Between 1592 and 1595 he worked in Danzig (now Gdansk) where he designed the fortifications and some ornamental motifs and also decorated the town hall and a number of churches. Next he went to Prague (1596-1598), to the court of Rudolph II, and to Amsterdam and The Hague. He had two sons, Salomon and Paul, who worked with him....