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Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1900, in Marciana Marina (Livorno); died 1971, in Milan.

Painter, ceramicist, illustrator, scenographer, writer. Stage costumes.

Futurism.

Giovanni Acquaviva studied philosophy and law at the University of Pisa, while devoting himself to illustration at the same time. He founded the Futurist group ...

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Active in Londonc.1880.

Born 4 November 1826, in Paris; died 13 December 1906, in London.

Painter, poet, novelist, dramatist, musician. Landscapes.

Charles Hamilton Aidé is above all remembered as an accomplished dramatist and musician. He travelled extensively and made sketches on his travels. He submitted three canvases to the Grafton Gallery in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1849, in Orléans; died 1930.

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor, writer, musician. Landscapes.

Paul Besnard, the son of a magistrate, followed his father's example and became an examining magistrate in Romorantin. Being interested in painting, he asked his neighbour Henri Chouppe to teach him how to paint watercolours. One year after he first sent work to the Salon de Paris in ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born c. 1779, in Paris.

Painter, miniaturist, poet, musician.

Claude Jean Besselièvre was a pupil of Augustin and David. His paintings appeared regularly at the salon between 1802 and 1824. The portrait Charles V, King of France, with his Son was exhibited in ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 4 March 1813, in Châteauroux (Indre); died December 1866, in Paris.

Painter, musician, writer.

A pupil of Gros and Déveria and a friend of Daumier and Baudelaire, Joseph Ferdinand Boissard de Boisdenier exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1835 with a striking ...

Article

Italian, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1559, in Castelvecchio, in Cigoli according to the Larousse Dictionary; died 1613, in Rome.

Painter, sculptor, architect, poet, musician.

Florentine School.

Lodovoco Cardi began his studies under Alessandro Allori, and later became one of the most brilliant followers of Santi di Tito. According to Lanzi, he was taught drawing by Buontalenti. He was elected to membership of the Florence academy, following the submission of his painting of ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 4 December 1928, in Marcinelle.

Painter, sculptor, musician, poet.

Delporte was a self-taught painter. His painting technique involved both sensitivity and spontaneity in his application of colour. His brand of Surrealism was both cosmic and fantastical. For two of his series, one a homage to Van Gogh, the other inspired by Rimbaud's ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1910, in Athens; died 1985.

Painter, illustrator, decorative designer, poet. Mythological subjects, genre scenes, urban landscapes. Stage sets, stage costumes, icons.

Nico Engonopoulos spent his childhood in Istanbul, then known as Constantinople. After an aimless stay in Paris, he studied at the school of fine art in Athens ...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 28 June 1674, in Rome; died 5 March 1755, in Rome.

Painter, engraver, musician, scholar. Religious subjects, portraits.

Pierleone Ghezzi was the son and pupil of Giuseppe Ghezzi. He was commissioned by Pope Benedict XIV, together with L. Garzi, F. Trevisani and B. Luti, to paint, among other things, a series of ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1755, in Gunzenhausen; died c. 1812 or 1815, in Prague.

Painter, miniaturist, writer, musician. Birds, flowers, insects.

Johann Jakob Norbert Grund gave up his position in the Church to devote himself to painting. He was also a musician and writer and taught at the academy of art in Florence....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 23 April 1892, in Frankenau; died 20 April 1974, in Muralto, Switzerland.

Performance artist, poet, writer, painter.

Dada. Cabaret Voltaire.

As a medical student in Munich in 1912, Huelsenbeck met the poet and actor Hugo Ball. That winter he went to study philosophy at the Sorbonne and, as the Paris correspondent, contributed to Ball and Hans Leybold’s short-lived leftist periodical, ...

Article

British, 18th century, male.

Born 1730, in Exeter; died 12 July 1803.

Painter, musician, art writer.

William Jackson was the son of a shopkeeper. He was dedicated to music and became well known as a music teacher. He is of interest to the art world because of his close friendship with Gainsborough about whom he wrote a small book. He made pleasing landscapes and remarkable copies of his friend's works, more than one of which has been attributed to Gainsborough himself....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 7 October 1943; died 15 October 1995, in Paris.

Performance artist, sculptor, painter, poet. Multimedia.

Michel Journiac studied philosophy and scholastic theology. He taught aesthetics at the University of Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne) and was formerly a teacher in art schools in Versailles, Nancy and Rheims....

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 18 January 1926, in Moose Jaw (Saskatchewan), to parents of Japanese origin; died 8 January 1994, in Vancouver.

Painter, photographer, musician, poet, filmmaker.

Roy Kiyooka studied at the Provincial Institute of Technology and Art in Calgary. In 1955 he won a scholarship to the Instituto Allende in Mexico where he studied under James Pinto. From ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 8 August 1874, in Lachapelle-aux-Pots; died August 1966, in Le Mans.

Painter, poet, musician.

Tristan Klingsor became known in 1895 for his poetry tinged with Symbolism and a certain humour. Previously he had tried his hand at musical composition. Despite his close friendship with Maurice Ravel, Klingsor began to move in the direction of the visual arts but without abandoning his poetry. He studied at the École du Louvre in Paris. He was in turn a landscape painter, a portraitist, and a painter of still-lifes, and proved to be a moving painter of reality. He also wrote some critical studies, notably on Chardin, Hubert-Robert and Cézanne....

Article

Spanish, 17th century, male.

Born 1613, in Madrid; died 1667, in Madrid.

Painter, poet, musician. Portraits.

Eugenio de las Cuevas was the son and pupil of Pedro de las Cuevas. His small portraits were much admired at the Spanish court. He was painter to Philip IV and taught drawing to the Infante, Don Juan of Austria....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 14 July 1801, in Carpentras (Vaucluse); died 29 June 1890, in Montpellier.

Painter, draughtsman, poet, musician. Genre scenes.

Jean Joseph Bonaventure Laurens was born and grew up in Carpentras, home to his family for several generations, before moving to Montpellier, where he worked in the university's accounts department. A great music-lover and friend of Schumann, Laurens was also an admirer of female nudes by the sculptor Étienne d'Antoine, and himself enjoyed drawing attractive young women. In the course of his life he built up an extensive collection of drawings of women's faces and also some full-length portraits. His approach to the his subjects, more idealised than realistic, was described by one critic as 'bland and not without timidity'. However it seems to have pleased the young women of Montpellier, many of whom were keen to pose for him....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Active also active in Algeria.

Born 5 July 1817, in Narbonne; died 24 October 1887, in Mustapha, Algeria.

Painter, writer, musician. Religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes. Murals, designs for stained glass.

Orientalism.

Lazerges studied under François Bouchot and David d'Angers. He first visited Algeria in 1842 and moved there around 1861. He was the father of Jean Baptiste Paul Lazerges. Jean Raymond Hippolyte Lazerges exhibited at the Paris Salon from 1840 to 1887 with, among other works, ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 30 June 1936, in Neuilly-sur-Seine.

Painter, draughtsman, poet, sculptor, assemblage artist, installation artist, performance artist.

Neo-Dadaism, Visual Poetry.

Surrealist group.

At the age of 15, Jean-Jacques Lebel, whose father was an art specialist, was exchanging letters with André Breton and mixing with the Surrealists (he was later excluded, with Alain Jouffroy, in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 12 December 1922, in Chicago; died 8 December, 2004.

Painter, performance artist, poet, writer.

Fluxus.

Jackson Mac Low has taught in numerous schools, mainly in association with New York University. He is the author of about 30 works. He lived and worked in New York. In the USA in the 1960s Mac Low was one of the Fluxus artists grouped around George Maciunas. He often carried out his performances with his wife, Anne Tardos....