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Article

French, 15th century, male.

Active in St-Maximin (near Marseilles).

Born c. 1375; died May 1450.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures. Decorative schemes.

Andreas Abellon was a Dominican prior. Archives studied by Albanès record that the convent bought three historiated tapestries in 1444, which could have been painted by Abellon. He may have been the decorator of the chancel of the chapel, which was built between ...

Article

Portuguese, 16th century, male.

Painter, decorative designer.

Simão de Abreu collaborated with Domingos Vieira and other artists on the decoration of the convent of Christ in Tomar. He is known principally for his seven altarpieces for the church's charola (processional way).

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Active in Arras at the beginning of the 16th century.

Painter. Religious subjects. Decorative schemes.

Arras School.

In 1501 Adam d'Avesne restored the panel of the master altar and painted banners for the church of La Ste-Croix in Arras.

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Active in Naples towards the middle of the 16th century.

Painter. Religious subjects. Decorative schemes.

Neapolitan School.

It is not known with whom Pietro Afesa studied. His surname derives from the province where he was born. He came to Naples where he occupied a creditable position among the excellent painters living in the city at that time. He was commissioned with the decoration of public buildings and is known particularly for his ...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Bologna.

Died 1469.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures. Decorative schemes, banners.

Bolognese School.

Agostino di Marsiglio received important commissions in Siena for a period of ten years. In 1442 he executed the decorative paintings for the chapels of S Giovanni and S Crescenzia. He also produced banners, standards and a crucifix, and two figures for the altar of the Nuova chapel....

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Painter, marquetry worker. Religious subjects.

In 1489 and 1490, Angelo di Menicuccio da Iglianello collaborated with the painters Andrea Lombardo and Antonio di Bernardo Lombardo at Orvieto Cathedral. He painted a number of works, including a Pietà and was commissioned, with Antonio da Forlì, to paint a tabernacle and a crucifix....

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1527, in Milan; died 11 July 1593, in Milan.

Painter, decorative designer. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, still-lifes. Designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries.

Prague School.

Giuseppe Arcimboldo belonged to a patrician family from Milan, which boasted three archbishops. Giuseppe, however, came from the 'poor' branch of the family. He was the son of Biagio and is assumed to have learned the rudiments of drawing and painting from his father, although no details of his training as an artist are known. His name first appears in a payment notice of 17 June 1551 in the cathedral construction records. He is believed to have gone to the court of the German emperors in 1561 and to have followed the court to its residences in Vienna and Prague.Arcimboldo enjoyed the successive patronage of Ferdinand I, Maximilian II and, in particular, Rudolph II. From 1562 to 1585 his name appears regularly in the court registers: he was paid 20 florins a month and often received additional sums from the imperial purse. A court painter, he was also commissioned to arrange courtly entertainments such as processions, cavalcades, balls and outdoor parties and it is thought that he may have invented the carousel. He was also a musician and devised 'a colormetric method of musical transcription' - a form of musical notation deciphered and performed on the harpsichord by the viol player Monzo. His biographers, Francine Legrand and Félix Sluys, liken this invention to 'present-day methods for synchronising music and film'. He also advised on the content of imperial collections and travelled for his patrons, acquiring works of art on their behalf.In 1587 he received his discharge from Rudolph II (who made him Count Palatine in 1591) and returned, his fortune made, to the city of his birth, where he died, according to the inscription on his tomb, in 1593 at the age of 63.He was buried at the church of S Pietro della Vigna (it no longer survives). On 28 November 1551, Arcimboldo painted five armorial bearings for the king of Bohemia and a decoration for the main door of the cathedral. In the years following he painted ducal coats of arms for the feast of the Virgin, executed a map of the region of Volpedo and repainted the cathedral façade. In collaboration with his father he drew cartoons for stained glass windows depicting the ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1 March 1494 or or, in Florence; died 5 October 1557, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer. Religious subjects, portraits. Designs for tapestries.

Florentine School.

Il Bacchiaca studied first under Perugino, then Franciabigio and finally under Andrea del Sarto. It was the latter - as much a friend as a teacher - who influenced the artist most. Bacchiaca worked mainly as a decorative artist. In ...

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Active in Péronne between 1561 and 1578.

Died after 1578.

Painter, decorative artist. Religious subjects.

Guillaume Bauchart painted several works for the churches in Péronne.

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born in Bologna; died 1571.

Painter. Religious subjects, mythological subjects. Wall decorations.

Giovanni Bezzi was a pupil of Domenico Tibaldi di Pellegrini. Two paintings in the church of S Maria della Vitta, Bologna, and some murals in the Palazzo dei Bolognetti are attributed to him....

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1492, in Caravaggio near Milan; died 1543, in Messina.

Painter, fresco artist, draughtsman, decorative designer. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, historical subjects, battles, portraits, landscapes. Ornaments.

Polidoro Caldara began work at a very young age; Vasari tells us that he was employed by artists, notably by Giovanni da Udine, and worked at the Vatican fetching and carrying materials for fresco painters. As a young apprentice he soon began to show a great aptitude for art, practising his skills in his free moments; his drawings caught the eye of Raphael, who took him on as a student. He worked so well under Raphael's guidance that the master commissioned him to paint some frescoes at the Vatican....

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active 1442-1509.

Born c. 1420, in Perugia; died c. 1505, in Perugia.

Painter, decorative artist, art restorer. Religious subjects. Banners, armorials.

Perugian School.

Bartolomeo Caporali was active between 1472 and 1499 in Perugia. Nothing is known of his training but from his first work, an ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1509, in Gandino near Bergamo; died 1579, in Madrid, in 1569 according to the Larousse Dictionary.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman (including wash), architect, decorative artist, art restorer. Religious subjects, historical subjects, mythological subjects. Wall decorations, frescoes.

After a study trip to Rome, paid for by his protector Tobia Pallavicini, Giovanni Battista Castello (Il Bergamasco) produced a series of works in Genoa and Bergamo. His best-known works in Bergamo include the fresco ...

Article

French, 15th century, male.

Sculptor, painter. Religious subjects. Decorative schemes.

From 1462 to 1481 Jacquet Cordonnier II worked for Troyes Cathedral, carving, among other things, Cain and Abel for the porch, and figures of angels, St Peter, and a crucifix for a reliquary. In 1486...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1489, in Correggio (Modena); died 5 March 1534, in Correggio.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative artist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects. Murals.

Parma School.

Correggio was little known in his lifetime, but after his death his work provided inspiration to many artists, including Parmigianino in Parma, Camillo Boccaccino in Cremona, and Federico Barocci in Urbino. During the 17th and 18th centuries, his reputation equalled that of Raphael. He is now recognised as the most important northern Italian artist working outside Venice in the first half of the 16th century....

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Painter, decorative artist. Religious subjects.

Gherardo Costa I was active in Ferrara and generally tended to take on only small commissions. Nevertheless, he is known for a few cassoni (bridal chests) and altar paintings. He had four sons who also became painters....

Article

German, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born 1472, in Kronach (Bavaria); died 16 October 1553, in Weimar.

Painter, engraver, decorative artist. Mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, religious subjects, portraits.

Danube School (or style of).

Nothing is known of the start of Cranach's career or who his master was. The earliest of his extant paintings date from between 1502 and 1505, by which time he was already 30 years old, and they differ markedly from the rest of his work. Their style suggests that the young Cranach had been heavily influenced by Jan Pollak (or Pollonus) of Cracow, who settled in Munich about 1480. It also seems likely that Cranach went to Vienna about 1502, because his ...

Article

Swiss, 16th century, male.

Painter, decorative artist. Religious subjects.

Fribourg School.

Cuneman became a burgher of Fribourg in 1589. He painted a picture of St Nicolas and was a member of the Confraternity of St Luke.

Fribourg: St Nicholas

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born c. 1509, or 1512, in Modena; died 1571, in Fontainebleau.

Painter, fresco artist, decorative designer, draughtsman. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, landscapes. Murals.

First Fontainebleau School.

Niccolò was both a pupil of and assistant to his father, Giovanni dell'Abbate, and was later tutored by the sculptor Antonio Begarelli. Some biographers idnetify the influence of Correggio in his work, and conclude that he was a follower of the latter artist. Niccolò became a soldier, in keeping with family tradition, but he did not pursue a military career for long; by 1537, he had taken up his brushes once more and was helping Alberto Fontana - his friend from the Begarelli studio - decorate the façade of the slaughterhouse ( ...

Article

Italian, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born after 1490, in Ferrara; died c. 1548, in Ferrara.

Painter, decorative artist, caricaturist. Religious subjects, landscapes.

Ferrara School.

Battista Dossi was a landscape artist and caricaturist. He was the pupil of Lorenzo Costa, and worked almost exclusively with his brother Giovanni, although they did not get on. Battista had a difficult temperament and was physically deformed, and only communicated with his brother in writing. According to Barruffaldi, they lived in Rome for six years, then in Venice for five years, where they painted from nature, and had the best teachers....