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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1939, in Los Angeles.

Sculptor, painter, collage artist.

Minimal Art, Finish Fetish, Light and Space.

Peter Alexander studied at the University of Pennsylvania from 1957 to 1962, the Architectural Association of London from 1960 to 1962, and the University of California ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Washington DC; died 9 February 2013, in Albany (New York).

Sculptor, installation artist, painter, draughtsman.

Minimal Art.

Richard Artschwager had a German father and a Russian mother. He studied in New Mexico, then at Cornell University in New York. He fought in World War II in England, France, and finally in Vienna. He completed his scientific studies at Cornell University but immediately abandoned this route and entered the studio of Amédée Ozenfant, who had just emigrated to New York. From ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1941, in Long Beach (California).

Painter (mixed media).

Minimal Art, Conceptual Art, New Image.

Jennifer Bartlett grew up in Long Beach, and the ocean has always been a constant in her work. Her early work is midway between Minimalist and Conceptualist. Starting with a pattern of small dots screenprinted onto a series of identical steel plaques, she painted dotted lines in enamel, the number of dots in each line being calculated on the basis of a strict mathematical scheme. The concept of series was already prominent in this early phase. In the series entitled ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1940, in Düsseldorf.

Painter, collage artist.

Minimal Art.

Ulrich Erben attended the academy in Hamburg and then studied further in Italy, at Urbino and Venice where he took courses in fresco and other painting. He subsequently returned to Germany, notably Munich and Berlin, taking up a professorship at the academy in Düsseldorf in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1 April 1933, in Jamaica (New York); died 29 December 1996, in New York.

Sculptor, installation artist, environmental artist, engraver.

Minimal Art.

Dan Flavin entered the Brooklyn Seminary in order to become a priest. He then trained as a meteorologist with the American army in Korea. He subsequently attended the New College of Social Research, New York, in ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1944, in New York.

Sculptor, draughtsman, photographer, painter, installation.

Land Art, Environmental Art.

Richard Fleischner graduated from the Rhode Island School of Design with a BFA in 1966 and an MFA in 1968, both degrees focusing on sculpture. During the 1970s and 1980s, Fleischner became a leading figure in environmental art....

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Installation artist.

Conceptual Art.

Jerzy Grzegorsky produces minimalist objects principally of wax. They are connected to culture and its instruments: books, paintings, sculptures. He participated in collective exhibitions, including: regularly in Poland, particularly at the International Artists Museum in Lódz, and in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1947.

Sculptor, lithographer, installation artist.

Minimal Art.

Maren Hassinger is an adjunct professor at the State University of New York, Stony Brook. She works with wire which she treats as she would textile. Her pieces, which she has described as 'kinetic', seem subjected to the elements and to behave in the way of plants, even set inside a gallery. This is her way of referring to an era when nature was not threatened by human activity and to the rural past of African Americans. She is the author of numerous open-air installations such as ...

Article

Canadian First Nations (Blood/Kainai), 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1953, in Kainai Reserve (Alberta).

Sculptor, installation artist, photographer.

Blackfoot artist Faye HeavyShield received her training at the Alberta College of Art and the University of Calgary (BFA 1986). Her eloquently, sparse aesthetics fall within the tropes of Minimalism, but she favours natural and handmade materials over mass-produced ones. These materials imbue her work with a narrative specificity not usually associated with Minimalism. Drawing on her memories of a traditional upbringing on the Kainai reserve and her education at St Mary’s Catholic School, HeavyShield brings together small repeated, often abstracted, forms to create large sculptures and installations that metaphorically reference the body and landscape. The results are enigmatic works that explore issues of memory, identity and the politics of place. The repetitive dynamic of her work gives it a meditative quality and reminds the viewer that strength is found in ritual and community....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 5 April 1938, in Worcester, Massachusetts; died 8 February 2014, in New York.

Sculptor, installation artist, filmmaker, photographer. Land Art, Environmental Art, Public Art, Post-Minimalism.

Nancy Holt received a BA in Biology from Tufts University in 1960 and then briefly travelled through Europe, before moving to New York City. There, she met influential Minimalist and Post-Minimalist artists, many of whom would become collaborators, including: Carl Andre, Dan Graham, Eva Hesse, Joan Jonas, Donald Judd, Sol LeWitt, Robert Morris, and Richard Serra. Holt’s early artistic output was primarily photography, video, and Concrete poetry, mediums in which she continued to work throughout her career....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Installation artist.

Hörl's work has been shown at solo exhibitions, including ones in 1993 in Zurich and Munich. The objects he produces fall somewhere between 'ready-made' and Minimalism. He also works as a photographer.

Article

Native American (Inupiaq/Athabascan), 21st century, female.

Born 1969, in Bethal (Alaska).

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist.

Inupiaq/Athabascan artist Sonya Kelliher-Combs holds a BFA from the University of Alaska–Fairbanks (1998) and an MFA from Arizona State University (1992). In 2007 she was awarded an Eiteljorg Fellowship for Native American Fine Art. Her work is included in the collections of the Anchorage Museum, Alaska State Museum, University of Alaska Museum of the North and Eiteljorg Museum....

Article

Dutch, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1963, in Amsterdam.

Sculptor, installation artist.

Minimal Art.

Krijn de Koning first trained in the department of audiovisual design at the Gerrit Rietveld Academy, Amsterdam (1983 to 1988) then at the Ateliers 63, Haarlem (1988 to ...

Article

Austrian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born c. 1950, in Röthis/Vorarlberg.

Sculptor of assemblages.

Minimal Art.

Willi Kopf creates large chipboard parallelepipeds made up of smaller ones. The edges of the planks with their varied constituent materials and the rhythm of their random yet minutely detailed assembly, form a sort of mosaic of rectangles. He lives and works in Vienna. He featured in ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1958.

Born 4 March 1932, in Nagoya (Aichi Prefecture).

Painter, installation artist, environmental artist.

Minimal Art.

After graduating from Tokyo fine arts univesity, Tadaaki Kuwayama settled in New York. He initially painted Abstracts in a style based on a deliberately ‘anti-spiritual’ attitude designed to make the work foreign to the artist’s spirit. Subsequently he created installations and environments, making geometric spatial constructions out of small aluminium modules, as in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1941, in Hammond (Indiana).

Painter (mixed media).

Terence David La Noue's sensual, 'materialist' output is conceived as a reaction to the asceticism of Conceptual Art and Abstract Minimalism. Some his early expressive motifs show the influence of Arte Povera. The surfaces of his works are sumptuous and heavily laden with a variety of media, in successive layers of materials: latex, fibres, metallic powder and paint evoke a sense of topography and geology, the soil and landscape....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active in Italy.

Born 9 September 1928, in Hartford (Connecticut); died 8 April 2007, in New York.

Painter (gouache), installation artist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Artists’ books.

Conceptual Art, Minimal Art.

From 1945 to 1949 Sol LeWitt was a student at the University of Syracuse, New York. In 1951–1952 he did military service in Japan and Korea. By 1953 he was studying in New York at Cartoons Illustrators, which later became the School of Visual Arts. He worked for the magazine ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Oklahoma City.

Painter (mixed media).

Pattern and Decoration.

MacConnel was a student at the University of San Diego. He made his debut with Minimalist works. He belongs to the Pattern Painting movement, which seeks to rehabilitate the decorative element in contemporary art, taking its inspiration from traditional Indian and non-Western motifs. His highly coloured works are made up of the most diverse quotations, which are freely juxtaposed. He uses furniture as supports....

Article

Meuser  

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947, in Essen.

Sculptor, installation artist.

Meuser assembles metal elements in a Minimalist style. He lives and works in Düsseldorf. He featured in La Sculpture contemporaine après 1970 at the temporary museum of the Fondation Daniel Templon, Fréjus (...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 27 May 1944, in New York City.

Installation artist, sculptor, designer. Land Art, environmental art, site-specific art.

Mary Miss studied at the University of California at Santa Barbara, graduating with a BA in 1966. She received her MFA from the Rhinehart School of Sculpture at the Maryland Art Institute in ...