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Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 13 November 1930, in Madison (Georgia).

Painter, collage artist, installation artist, sculptor, photographer, illustrator, draughtsman, watercolourist, print artist. Figures, portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes, animals.

African-American artist Benny Andrews served in the USA Air Force during the Korean War. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago, graduating with a BFA in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 September 1911, in Charlotte (North Carolina); died 12 March 1988, in New York.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, lithographer, screen printer, engraver, collage artist, newspaper cartoonist, illustrator, art theorist. Religious subjects, figure compositions, local figures. Humorous cartoons, frontispieces, stage sets...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 10 July 1937, in Williamsburg (Virginia).

Painter, collage artist.

Betty Blayton-Taylor studied at Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York and the Art Students League, New York. In 1968, she set up a children's art centre, the Children's Art Carnival, New York, under the aegis of the Museum of Modern Art. Blayton-Taylor paints abstracts based on the movement of dense colour and organic forms that suggest the human skeleton, as in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947.

Painter, sculptor (including bronze), installation artist.

Houston Conwill studied at Howard University, Washington DC. He is based in New York. He won the Rome Prize, awarded by the American Academy in Rome. The object of his work is to recreate the link between Afro-American culture, its African roots and the black diaspora around the world, as can be seen in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 June 1931, in Eatonton (Georgia).

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), collage artist, print artist, sculptor, collector, art historian. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, figure compositions, scenes with figures, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

David C. Driskell earned a BFA at Howard University in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1945.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, photographer, collage artist. Figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes.

Barkley L. Hendricks studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, and Yale University. He began teaching at Connecticut College, New London, in 1972. He paints life-size solitary figures such as ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1931, in New York.

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist, draughtsman, print artist, sculptor, illustrator. Figure compositions, figures, nudes, landscapes. Murals.

Spiral Group.

Alvin Hollingsworth was born into a family of West Indian origin. He studied at the Art Students League and New York City College, graduating in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1935, in St Louis.

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor (wood/marble), draughtsman, collage artist, print artist (including dry-point). Monuments.

Oliver Lee Jackson studied at Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, and the University of Iowa from where he graduated with a master's degree in fine arts in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1950, in New York.

Painter, draughtsman, installation artist. Multimedia.

Lee Jaffe lives in Venice California. His work is composed of various types of materials, he uses aesthetic images that reference different cultures or sub-cultures with socio-political connotations. His installation ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Paterson (New Jersey).

Painter, sculptor, installation artist.

Ben Jones studied at Paterson State College, Wayne (New Jersey), at the Pratt Institute in New York and at New York University. He has taught at Jersey City College. In 1967...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1960, in the Bronx (New York City).

Painter, draughtsman, installation artist, engraver, lithographer.

Glenn Ligon earned art qualifications from the Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, and the Wesleyan University, Middletown (Connecticut). He is based in New York. Ligon relies heavily on language, in his exploration of African American racial and cultural identity. He works from quotes found in Afro-American literature, the media and slaves' autobiographies. He may stencil them black on black or cover them in black paint or soot. At the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis, in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1935, in Detroit; died 2005, in New York.

Painter, collage artist. Murals.

Al Loving Jr. studied at the University of Illinois, Chicago, and the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He lived and worked in New York from 1968. Loving was at first an expressionist. Later he painted boxes and cubes in lively colours in a geometric abstract style, paying attention to their volumes. From the 1970s he made collages: at first these were squares of cloth or leather; in the 1980s they became painted spirals of cut-up paper, the spiral representing life and growth. He also executed various murals, notably one for the Millander Station on the Detroit People Mover transport network....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active in the Netherlands.

Born 1927, in New York.

Painter (including mixed media/gouache), draughtsman, watercolourist, collage artist, print artist, lithographer. Scenes with figures, landscapes with figures. Posters.

Samuel Middleton grew up in Harlem and travelled widely before settling in the Netherlands. He studied at the Instituto Allende, San Miguel de Allende, Mexico. After spending many years in Amsterdam, he settled in Schagen in the far north of the Netherlands. He paints in the abstract expressionist tradition, splattering masses of paint on abstract landscapes based on pure line....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, in Greenville (North Carolina).

Painter, sculptor, installation artist.

John Wilfred Outterbridge served in the American army in Korea and spent some time in Germany. Between 1956 and 1959 he studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and the Art Center School of Design, Los Angeles. He was director of the Watts Towers Arts Center ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 14 April 1943, in Philadelphia.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, assemblage artist, mosaicist, photographer, video artist.

Howardena Pindell studied at Boston University, then at the Yale University School of Art and Architecture. She has lived and worked in New York since 1967. After working as a conservator at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, she has been teaching at the State University of New York at Stony Brook since 1979. She is actively engaged in politics and the feminist movement and was one of the founders of the A.I.R Gallery, a women artists’ cooperative in New York....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 8 October 1930, in New York.

Painter, engraver, sculptor, mosaicist, performance artist, mixed media. Figure compositions, scenes with figures. Murals, costumes.

Faith Ringgold trained at City University, New York. While still in New York, in 1971 she co-founded, with Kay Brown, ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1956, in Los Angeles.

Draughtswoman, installation artist, sculptor, engraver (including wood). Figures, animals.

Alison Saar studied at Scripps College, Claremont (California), and at the Otis Art Institute, Los Angeles. She is Betye Saar's daughter. She dwells on themes of the African diaspora in installations and sculptures where her figures can assume the dimension of fetishes. She brings together found objects, string, dust, all sorts of materials which, within her constructions or assemblages, take on ritualistic connotations. Her work also reflects ironically the role of women in a patriarchal society....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 30 July 1926, in Los Angeles.

Painter, sculptor, assemblage artist, installation artist, illustrator.

Identity Art.

Betye Saar is the mother of Alison Saar. She studied at the University of California and the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, California University in Long Beach and Northridge, as well as at the American Film Institute in Los Angeles. She taught at the Otis Art Institute of the Parson School of Design in Los Angeles ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1953, in Los Angeles.

Painter (mixed media), assemblage artist. Portraits.

Lezley Saar studied at San Francisco State University, graduating with a BA in 1978. She is Betye Saar's daughter and Alison Saar's sister.

Painting in a style that recalls the work of Frida Kahlo, Saar evokes alienated characters, mostly women, who are excluded from society as a result of physical or psychological abnormalities. Painted on found objects such as books and old paintings from second-hand shops, her allegorical portraits dialogue with an assimilated past and in doing so attain a certain legitimacy. Her own mixed-race origins and her experience as the mother of an autistic child inform a number of her works ( ...