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Swiss, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 15 June 1564, in Basel; died 15 October 1609, in Prague.

Painter, draughtsman, architect. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

Prague School.

Joseph Heinz the Elder studied under Hans Bock in the Basel art school and with Hans von Aachen in Rome in 1584. From 1590 to 1594 he was employed in Prague by Emperor Rudolph II, who later sent him to Italy to make copies of classical works. He returned to Prague in 1598. He also worked as an architect and produced plans for the court of the Wittembergs in 1602-1603.He painted portraits and is particularly noted for his ...


Flemish, 16th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects, architectural views.

Flemish School.

Lowigs Heme was a pupil of Pieter Ulrich in Courtrai. Van Mander deems him one of the best painters of that town.


Spanish, 17th century, male.

Born 1612 or 1622, in Seville; died 25 August 1685, in Madrid.

Painter, engraver, architect. Historical subjects, religious subjects, genre scenes, hunting scenes, still-lifes (fish). Church decoration.

Francisco Herrera the Younger was the second son of Francisco Herrera the Elder. He fled his father's house while still young and went to Rome where he studied both painting and architecture....


Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1895, in Matsue (Shimane Prefecture); died 1997.

Painter, engraver (wood). Religious subjects, nudes.

Sosaku Hanga.

The grandson of an architect and son of a carpenter, Hiratsuka graduated from Matsue Commercial School before studying Western painting with Ishii Hakutei and Umehara Ryuzaburo and woodblock printing with Igami Bonkotsu. He exhibited woodblock prints in the ...


Dutch, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1600, in The Hague; died 1661, in Bergen op Zoom.

Painter, engraver. Architectural views, church interiors.

Delft School.

Gerard Houckgeest was the nephew of Joachim Houckgeest. In 1625, he was a member of the guild of The Hague and, in 1639, of the Delft guild. He mainly painted church interiors....



10th – 11th century, male.

Born between 960 and 970, in Italy or in Greece; died 1016, in Liège.

Painter, sculptor, architect. Religious subjects. Church decoration.

Jean was employed by the emperor Otto III in 980 and 1002. He was rewarded for work on the chapel of Charlemagne by the gift of a bishopric in Italy. He returned to Germany, then went to Liège where he became a friend of the bishop Baldéric II, who encouraged him to decorate the choir of St James' Abbey. He built the church of St Andrew in Liège. This may be the same man as the painter Johannes who was working at this period at Nepi....


Danish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Copenhagen.

Born 22 November 1851, in Holstebro; died 1933.

Painter. Interiors with figures, church interiors, landscapes, architectural views.

Received an honourable mention at the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1889.

Copenhagen (Den Hirschsprungske Samling): Landscape near Næstved

Copenhagen (Statens Mus. for Kunst): ...


Danish, 19th century, male.

Born 24 July 1826, in Strandby, near Frederikshavn; died 21 July 1903.

Painter. Portraits, architectural views, church interiors.

Morten Jepsen was a pupil at the Kunstakademi in Copenhagen. From 1869 he showed his work almost every year. These were architectural paintings either from Denmark, Sweden, Prague, Rome or Paris, such as ...


British, 17th century, male.

Painter, draughtsman. Religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, architectural views.

Thomas Johnson is mentioned from 1651 to 1685. Works by him which have survived are: Choir of Canterbury, Christ at the Home of Martha and Mary and St Jerome in a Church...


German, 17th century, male.

Born 1575, in Munich; died 1634, in Augsburg.

Painter, miniaturist, engraver, draughtsman, architect. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits. Murals.

Kager was a pupil of Pieter de Witte. He subsequently went to Rome and continued his studies with the best teachers. On his return to Germany, the Elector Maximilian of Bavaria appointed him court painter....


Dutch, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 15 May 1565, in Utrecht; died 15 May 1621, in Amsterdam.

Painter, sculptor, medallist, architect. Religious subjects, portraits. Monuments, funerary monuments, busts.

Amsterdam School.

Hendrik de Keyser the Elder was taught by the sculptor C. Bloemaert in Dordrecht, and the painter Abr. Bloemaert. He was awarded the freedom of the city of Amsterdam on 24 October 1591, and was an architect to the town in 1594. He married on 6 August 1591, and had four sons and two daughters. Three of his sons - Pieter, Thomas and Willem - became artists. He taught Hans Stenwinckel. His architectural masterpiece was the tomb of William of Orange in the church in Delft. His sculptures include ...


Norwegian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 7 July 1871, in Drontheim.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes.

Gabriel Kielland was a pupil of Alfred Roll in Paris and worked largely in his native Drontheim. He was also an architect.


French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 18 March 1869, in Besançon; died 17 January 1936, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman. Figures, church interiors, landscapes, waterscapes, harbour scenes, seascapes, architectural views, still-lifes, animals, flowers.

Paul Krön exhibited humorous drawings as a child in a gift shop in Marseilles. He was spotted by Monticelli, who advised him to learn from nature rather than follow formal training. He has been described as one of those artists who combined Fauvism with Impressionism....


German, 19th century, male.

Born 23 February 1803, in Potsdam; died 19 July 1875, in Wesel.

Architect, painter. Church interiors, architectural views.

Krüger worked for the town of Merseburg between 1826 and 1852. He painted watercolours of church interiors.


German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 November 1850, in Lübeck; died 9 January 1915, in Dresden.

Painter. Figures, genre scenes, interiors with figures, landscapes, urban landscapes, church interiors, architectural views.

Dresden Secession group.

From 1871 to 1879, Gotthardt Johann Kuehl studied at the art academy in Munich with Diez, then spent several years in Paris where he was advised by Fortuny. In ...


French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 18 July 1758, in Courtrai; died 12 January 1835, in Paris.

Painter, picture dealer. Church interiors, architectural views.

Pierre Joseph Lafontaine was first a student of Kaplan Van Neste, a distinguished connoisseur, who had him accepted by the academy in Courtrai, and then he worked with Jean Douelle. He concentrated especially on the painting of church interiors. He went to Paris, where he seems to have had some success. Taunay, Demarne, Swebach and Drolling worked on some of his pictures. Bryan's ...


British, 20th century, male.

Born 1877, in Manchester; died 1930, in Bromborough.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator. Local scenes, landscapes, architectural views, church interiors.


Augustus Osborne Lamplough trained at Chester School of Art and taught in Leeds from 1898 to 1899. He travelled and painted extensively in Algeria, Morocco and Egypt. He exhibited in London and throughout Britain, as well as in the USA (notably New York, Philadelphia and Buffalo). Lamplough's early works are cathedral interiors and architectural views of Venice. Following his journey to the Middle East, he painted desert views, the Nile (particularly reflections in the water at sunrise or dusk) and market scenes. His watercolours are characterised by his use of ochre, buff and beige tonalities, evocative of the desert sands and skies. Several of his watercolours have been published as book illustrations: ...


Italian, 14th century, male.

Born 1297, in Prato Vecchio or in Arezzo; died before 1358, in Prato Vecchio.

Painter, architect. Religious subjects.

Jacopo Landini belonged to the family of Cristoforo Landino and was a pupil of Taddeo Gaddi. He followed his teacher to Florence in ...


French, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1649, in Paris; died c. 1712.

Engraver. Religious subjects, portraits, architectural views.

This artist was the student of Vivien in Paris before moving to Rome, where he became a member of the Académie de St-Luc. He engraved many architectural subjects after Andrea Palladio, portraits, mainly of French ecclesiastical figures, and religious subjects after the masters....


French, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born to a family originally from Rouen.

Sculptor, architect. Religious subjects. Decorative schemes.

School of Normandy (Le Havre/Rouen).

Pierre Larbitre went to Le Havre in 1598 to continue work on the construction of the church of Our Lady with the architect Étienne Hallinguer. They built the chapels in the lower naves, the pendentives of the arches in the main nave, and the side portals. Larbitre also produced the crosses of the cemeteries in Lillebonne and Montivilliers, which have been destroyed, and an altarpiece of the story of Lazarus, which was placed in the church of St-Sauveur in Montivilliers. The best of his work extant in Le Havre is the portal of the church that gives onto the rue des Drapiers....