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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Nashville (Tennessee).

Painter, engraver.

Minimal Art.

Robert Ryman arrived in New York in the 1950s after completing his military service, hoping to follow a career as a jazz musician. Self-taught, his initiation into contemporary art was due primarily to his job as a museum guard at the prestigious Museum of Modern Art in New York. There he met Dan Flavin and Sol Le Witt and struck up a friendship with them both. He also enrolled in the Black Mountain College. In about ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1943, in Bronxville (New York); died 23 June 2003.

Installation artist, draughtsman.

Conceptual Art, Land Art, Minimal Art.

Fred Sandback gained a degree in philosophy at Yale before studying sculpture at Yale School of Art and Architecture where he was taught by Jack Tworkov and George Kubler and attended lectures given by Donald Judd and Robert Morris....

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Active in Canada fromc.1955.

Born 1942, in Klundert.

Painter, sculptor.

Minimal Art.

Jerry Santbergen was hardly into his adolescence when he emigrated to Canada, where he lived in Regina, Saskatchewan, until 1966. He left for New York, but soon returned to Canada, settling in Toronto. Initially, he was influenced by the American Minimalists, producing large objects of vinyl or canvas stretched on frames, offering the viewer the primary sensations of coloured lines with no associative possibilities other than the immediate sensations. These coloured strips are very precisely arranged at breach points in the surrounding space, possibly so that the viewer's eye catches them all the more readily. He subsequently turned towards quasi-industrial manufacture of modules to be assembled....

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 24 September 1937, in Montreal.

Painter, engraver, collage artist, sculptor.

Minimal Art.

Henry Saxe studied in Albert Dumouchal's studio at the École des Beaux-Arts in Montreal from 1956 until 1961. He has visited the USA several times, and lives and works in Tamworth (Ontario)....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 2 November 1939, in San Francisco (California), United States.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, installation artist, performance artist, video artist.

Process Art, Minimal Art.

Richard Serra first studied literature at the University of California in Berkeley and Santa Barbara, working at a steel mill to support himself. He then gained a degree in fine arts and painting at Yale University, where he collaborated on Joseph Albers’ work, ...

Article

Portuguese, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Lourenço-Marques (Mozambique).

Painter, sculptor.

Minimal Art.

Around 1970, Angelo Sousa spent two years in London learning about sculpture and multimedia. He then went on to produce minimalist-inspired sculptures in metal. On his return to Mozambique, and after a period of reflection, he went back to the use of colour, embracing a system comprising the three primary factors in art - the elemental, the industrial and the physical....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1945, in New York.

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Lewis Stein is linked to the Minimal Art movement, which aims to highlight the sensation of forms and colours, detached from all contexts connected with any kind of reality, whether physical or psychological. He presents small square or rectangular primary areas, painted in pure colours that stand out from very large areas of neutral tones. The viewer thus receives very exact sensations of colour, simple areas and spacing, or rhythms. Stein has taken part in group exhibitions, including ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 12 May 1936, in Malden (Massachusetts).

Painter, collage artist, sculptor, printmaker, mixed media.

Colour Field Painting, Post-painterly Abstraction, Minimal Art.

Frank Stella studied painting at the Phillips Academy in Andover and history at Princeton University, graduating in 1958. In 1959 he moved to New York, and took part in his first major exhibition, Sixteen Americans, at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. The following year he held his first solo exhibition at the Leo Castelli Gallery in New York, showing his earliest irregularly shaped canvases. Stella visited Europe in 1961, staying mainly in Britain, Spain, and France, before moving on to Morocco. In the same year he married the art critic Barbara Rose. In 1982, he spent a year in Rome at the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 1983, he was appointed a professor at Harvard University and gave a series of lectures there....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1940, in Austin (Texas).

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Robert Swain settled in New York, and exhibits with protagonists of Minimal Art. In this pursuit of primitive feelings based on 'primary structures' both in shape and colour, he works on uniform squares, where the tones bring out concepts of deterioration or contrast through the order in which they are juxtaposed....

Article

Irish, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1964.

Sculptor of assemblages.

Markus Taylor's sculptures are on a large scale and combine the primary forms of the Minimalist tradition with relatively geometric, manufactured objects such as refrigerators and lifts. In 1992 the Jay Joplin Gallery in London showed his ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Casablanca; died 4 July 1992, in Cologne.

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Frederic Matys Thursz studied in New York and lived in Paris from 1956 to 1957. He started painting in the 1960s. He took part in some collective exhibitions, including: ...

Article

Yugoslav, 20th century, male.

Born 10 July 1928, in Maribor (now in Slovenia); died February 1993, in Maribor.

Sculptor.

Minimal Art.

Slavko Tihec trained at the department of sculpture at the academy of fine arts in Ljubljana. In 1958 he went to Paris, where he studied in the studio of Johnny Friedlaender. Subsequently, he made several study trips, visiting Austria, Italy, Germany, France, Spain, Sweden and Denmark. He taught at Ljubljana academy of fine arts from ...

Article

Canadian, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 11 May 1944, in Quebec, Canada.

Sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist.

Land Art, Environmental Art, Installation Art.

George Trakas attended Sir George Williams University in Montreal in 1962–1963, relocating to New York City in 1963. He earned a BS degree from New York University in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 16 March 1921, in Baltimore (Maryland); died 2004.

Sculptor, pastellist.

Minimal Art.

Anne Truitt studied sculpture under Alexander Giampietro at the Catholic University of America in Washington from 1948 to 1949, then under Octavio Medellín at the Dallas Museum of Art the following year. She lived in Tokyo, and then in Washington....

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, in Wallasey.

Painter, engraver.

Minimal Art.

Ian Tyson settled in London. His works have a great simplicity and, like those of Flavin or Turrell, are in the tradition of the exploration of light. Tyson took part in the exhibition ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1960, in Bochum.

Installation artist.

Veit-Stratmann, who lives and works in Paris, incorporates minimalist forms into a granular surface, working within the pre-established framework of the gallery itself and introducing dummy glass walls, for example, cement casings or pyramidal volumes. He also makes mobile constructons which involve the user/viewer physically as well as metaphysically....

Article

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Brussels.

Born 1963.

Sculptor.

Minimal Art.

Richard Venlet often makes the architectural context of the exhibition site a part of his work. For the Antwerp Museum of Contemporary Art (Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst Antwerpen, MuHKA), he created a 260 feet-long (80-metre) wall of mirror glass that split the ground floor in two. Elsewhere, he has emphasised the interactive relationship between a museum and its visitors by organising an area where the visitors can leave messages for other visitors or for the artist. He represented Belgium at the ...

Article

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1951, in Brussels.

Sculptor.

Didier Vermeiren produces geometric structures made of plaster, marble or bronze, minimalist forms created from the classic materials of sculpture. These autonomous pieces are full-scale copies - as we learn from their titles such as ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1953.

Painter.

Stephen Westfall is also an art critic. His painting is reminiscent of Josef Albers whilst observant of some 1980s Minimalist tenets. He has taken part in collective exhibitions, notably in 1995 in New York ( Contemplative Geometry...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1963, in London.

Sculptor.

Minimal Art, Young British Artists.

Rachel Whiteread was awarded the Turner Prize in 1993 and also received a prize at the Venice Biennale in 1997.

Whiteread studied at Brighton Polytechnic and the Slade School of Art in London. She is an original figure in the field of modern English sculpture. She gained recognition end of the 1980s, starting with small sculptures which she placed inside spaces in other objects or in hollow shapes. She went on to make inverse imprints of objects as moulds in plaster, resin, aluminium or foam; these include convex mattresses, concave beds, washbasins, even baths, chairs, rooms and houses. This method of proceeding - creating a mould of the space below a table, for example - gives objects an irremediably strange appearance. In ...