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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 8 August 1941, in Los Angeles.

Painter.

Minimal Art.

David Novros studied at the University of Southern California, obtaining a BFA in 1963, and has travelled in Europe and Mexico. He has been cited as an important exponent of Systemic Painting within the American Minimalist movement. Best known for his frescoes, he has been inspired by Italian masters such as Masaccio, Giotto and Fra Angelico, and has also been influenced by early Christian and Romanesque painting and by Byzantine mosaics. Novros is also noted for his concept of the L-shape as his working area in paintings, as in his ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in Cherokee (Iowa).

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Doug Ohlson settled in New York. He paints in the specifically American style of Minimalist art. Painting and sculpture are no longer representation or expression, but are defined solely by the reality of their constituent materials: surfaces or volumes, materials, colours, all limited to their basic structures: regular and simple geometrical surfaces or volumes, pure, flat colours. The works are often large, so that the viewer is totally taken over by the clear and basic simplicity of the plastic proposition and is not distracted by any foreign and marginal phenomenon. A single element may be repeated several times - a frequent procedure with Doug Ohlson - to accentuate the effect. The spectator is confronted only by the concrete reality of the object, reduced to its essentials, isolated from all possible connotations, similarities, meaning or feelings....

Article

American, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1938, in Mason City or Electric City (Washington); died 21 January 2011, in New York City.

Painter (including gouache), pastellist, draughtsman, sculptor, installation artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art, Minimal Art, Body Art, Land Art.

Dennis Oppenheim studied at the College of Arts and Crafts, California, and the University of Stanford. Until 1967, Oppenheim made sculptures related to the primary structures of Minimal Art, although they are comparatively small and he presented them in series of trapezoidal boxes and cylindrical trunks. From 1967, he lived and worked in New York City. In 1967–1968, he became a conceptual artist and a proponent of Land Art, working mainly out of doors and in large spaces. He then documented his operations by means of photographs accompanied by texts and plans. Great care was taken with the graphic presentation of his actions, as the works themselves are largely ephemeral. He mowed undulating lines in fields, traced paths through cultivated land and snowfields, and in New York he spread rectangles of salt in the city’s streets. He also worked in the sea, spreading pigment in the water, then covering the surface with burning petrol and meticulously photographing the results. These experiments led the Yale Faculty of Architecture to commission from him plans for the sculptural use of excavations created by road building. He made practical volumes consisting of mounds, depressions, and steps that could be climbed between them. In 1969, after befriending artist Vito Acconci, he experimented with Body Art, often subjecting himself to violent physical alterations such as sunburns. Oppenheim’s use of his own body explored the connection between a work and its site, using the physical body itself as not only a medium but a place. During the 1970s, he was extremely prolific, creating installations that included puppets representing himself with animals and various objects that related to the events and worries of his own life. The late 1970s series ...

Article

New Zealander, 20th century, male.

Active in England.

Born 1940; died 1974.

Sculptor.

Minimal Art.

John Panting attended Canterbury School of Art in New Zealand from 1959 to 1962, and then the Royal College of Art in London from 1963 to 1967. His sculptures consist of bars and metal rods which appear to be simple constructions, but which constitute figures in literal, physical space, whose complexity is a difficult concept to grasp, sometimes suggesting attempts to represent the fourth dimension. These spatial structures, with no meaning other than their own existence, are related to American Minimal Art. He took part in various group exhibitions, notably the 3rd Salon International des Galeries Pilotes at the Musée Cantonal, Lausanne, and the Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1922, in Beresford (South Dakota); died 1990.

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Raymond Parker was a pupil at the University of Iowa, where he gained degrees in 1946 and 1948, while teaching there at the same time. He then taught from 1948 to 1951...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1959, in Mount Kisco (New York).

Installation artist.

Laurie Parsons is perhaps best known for her Minimalist installation work of the 1980s and early 1990s. Her solo debut was at the Lorence-Monk Gallery in New York in 1988, where she showed a collection of ready-made domestic ephemera and natural objects such as battered suitcases, a pile of charcoal and an uprooted log. She then exhibited at the Rolf Ricke Gallery in Cologne in ...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1945.

Sculptor.

Lon Pennock arranges geometrically structured shapes in a rhythmic sculptural pattern. The shapes are less elementary than those of the American Minimalists, so as to create spatial situations. Colour, structure and texture can all play an important part in this. In the 1960s, he was represented in exhibitions of the work of young Dutch artists....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Active in Italy from 1951.

Born 20 December 1924, in Brooklyn (New York City).

Sculptor, painter.

Minimal Art, Earth Art Movement.

Beverly Pepper began working as a commercial art director in New York City, then studied advertising design, photography and industrial design at the Pratt Institute and attended the Art Students League in New York. She also attended night classes at Brooklyn College, where she studied art theory under Gyorgy Kepes, who introduced her to the work of Laszló Moholy-Nagy and Man Ray. She studied painting at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, in Paris, and worked under Fernand Léger and André Lhote. During travels in Japan and Cambodia she was influenced by Japanese Haniwa funerary statues and Khmer statuary. Pepper moved to Italy in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 22 April 1939, in Le Mayet-de-Montagne (Allier).

Painter (mixed media), collage artist, assemblage artist.

Périsse's works are unclassifiable because of their great diversity. They range from almost minimalist Abstract paintings to assemblies of disparate materials, formal Abstract graphics that rank him with the members of the ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1945, in Le Mars (Iowa).

Painter.

Robert Petersen belongs to the New Abstraction movement in painting, a branch of Minimalist art that appeared in the 1970s, in which artists based their work on elements reduced to their minimum - monochrome surfaces, simply drawn lines - in order to explore the specific language of painting. He worked with colour pigments on paper or rice paper....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1945, in Cosenza.

Sculptor.

Piacentino started out in an American Minimalist vein, with a reputation as a representative of Arte Povera, but was soon attracted by all things mechanical, being himself an adept mechanic and a practitioner of motorcycle racing. He constructed kinds of high-powered racing vehicles, but though they looked elegant, their practical reliability was more in the realm of a Leonardesque utopia. He first exhibited in ...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 17 April 1940, in St Thomas (Ontario).

Sculptor.

Kinetic Art, Minimal Art.

Roland Poulin was a pupil of the École des Beaux-Arts of Montreal from 1964 to 1969. In 1971, the Museum of Contemporary Art in Montreal gave him his first private exhibition. During his studies he turned towards painting, but soon began to paint in relief. During his exhibition in ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active since 1962 in the USA.

Born 1935, in Milan.

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Luccio Pozzi studied at the Cooper Union in New York. He showed his work at numerous public exhibitions, and had his first solo exhibition in 1961 in Rome. This was followed by a second and third, in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Herne.

Sculptor, draughtsman.

Minimal Art.

Heinz-Günter Prager lives in Cologne, and has exhibited in Germany since 1968. His sculptures can be floor-based ( Bodenskulpturen) or wall-based. They consist of a number of elements in plaster, wood, sheet iron and steel, in very simple geometric forms where squares and crosses dominate. Group shows have included Documenta VI, Kassel (...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1943, in Hartford (Connecticut).

Painter.

Minimal Art.

David Prentice lives and works in New York. Within the vast area of conceptual art, he is most interested in exploring the primary sensations of space, form and colour, which is characteristic of the Minimalist movement....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1923, in Neisse (now Nysa, Poland).

Painter, sculptor, environmental artist.

Op Art, Minimal Art.

Quinte was a student at the school of art in Bernstein from 1946 to 1950. In 1959-1960 he was a part-time lecturer at the school of decorative arts in Krefeld....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active since 1980 active in Germany.

Born 1937, in Minot (North Dakota).

Sculptor. Architectural integration.

Minimal Art.

James Reineking received several bursaries from the San Francisco Art Museum in 1970, and the Bonn Cultural Fund. From 1975-1980 he made several visits to Hamburg and Cologne, where he settled in ...

Article

Mexican, 20th century, female.

Active from 1957 and naturalised in the USA, since 1971 active in France.

Born 17 June 1943, in Mexico.

Painter, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver.

Minimal Art.

Edda Renouf made her first trip to Paris in 1963-1964 to study at the Sorbonne and the Académie Julian. She returned to New York, where she studied at the Art Students' League (...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1950.

Painter.

Pattern and Decoration.

Rodney Ripps began as a Minimalist, then turned to decorative art. He belongs to the P&D (Pattern and Decoration) movement.

New York, 13 Nov 1980: Untitled (1977, oil and wax/sheets of fabric mounted/card...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1962, in Shanghai, China.

Painter.

Minimalism.

Ding Yi received degrees from the Shanghai Arts and Crafts Institute in 1983 and from the Fine Arts Department at Shanghai University in 1990. Ding was part of the 1985 Art New Wave movement in China and was included in the highly influential ...