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Article

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Died 1756, in Würzburg (Bavaria).

Sculptor. Religious subjects. Statues.

Johann van der Auvera was the son of Jakob van der Auvera and, like his father, a sculptor at the Würzburg court. He was probably taught by his father before going to Rome to complete his studies. His work includes the pulpit of the Benedictine abbey at Amorbach, the two groups of the ...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 30 August 1645, in Ferrara; died 29 May 1718.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Studied under Constanzo Cattaneo and went on to produce a large number of paintings for churches and convents in and around Ferrara. Four paintings depicting Scenes from the Life of St Cajetan...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1656, in Piacenza; died c. 1733.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Studied in Bologna under Marco Antonio Franceschini, who in all likelihood provided Avanzini with drawings on which much of his considerable output was based. Franceschini was commissioned in 1686 to provide paintings for Piacenza Cathedral and it fell to Avanzini to execute the bulk of that commission. Elsewhere, one can view Avanzini's ...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1674, in Naples; died 1741, in Rome.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits.

Avellino studied initially under Luca Giordano, then under Francesco Solimena. He spent some years in Rome, where examples of his work are to be found in the churches of S Maria di Monte and S Francesco di Paola. It appears that Avellino copied his mentors' work so faithfully that several of his reproductions were accepted as the originals....

Article

Spanish, 18th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

In 1718 Avendaño painted a representation of the martyrdom of St Peter for the monastery of Eslonza.

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Activec.1730.

Born in Brescia.

Painter. Religious subjects.

A pupil of Pompeo Ghiti, Avogadro painted the Martyrdom of SS Crispin and Crispinian retable in the church of S Giuseppe in Brescia. Many other examples of his work are to be found in Brescia churches, namely those of S Pietro Martire, S Maddalena, S Francesco, S Carlo, S Barnaba and S Giuseppe....

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Born 20 November 1712, in Sigmaringen.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects.

Worked for various churches. Between 1742 and 1750, he painted frescoes in Pfullendorf church and decorated the ceiling of the church in Klosterwald.

Article

Spanish, 18th century, male.

Born during the first half of the 18th century, in Idiazabal (Guipúzcoa); died 1798, in Altzo de Abajo.

Sculptor. Religious subjects. Statues.

Azurmendi produced a large number of statues, low reliefs and altar decorations for the churches of Guipúzcoa. Some were after the drawings of Ventura Rodríguez, Diego de Villanueva and Sylvester Pérez. His principal works are in the churches and monasteries of Alegría, San Sebastián, Renteria, Alsasua, Tolosa, Ezurquil, Azcoitia and others. He was also an architect....

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1646, in Bergamo; died 1719.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects.

Studied for a time with Giacomo Cotta before continuing his studies in Paris and Venice. According to Tassi, he was responsible for the etching of Jesus in the Temple in the church of S Rocco. He later settled in his native Bergamo, where he decorated several churches....

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born in Ferrara.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Son of Giuseppe Azzi; studied in his native Ferrara before moving to Bologna in 1782. He produced various paintings while in Bologna, notably two paintings ( St Spiridion and SS Joachim, Anne and Mary) for the hospital church of S Giovanni Decollato. He also painted a ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1769, in Lucca; died 1830, in Czarny-Ostrow, Poland.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits.

Matteo Baccelli worked predominantly in Poland, producing mainly church paintings and portraits, the most important of which are housed in the parish church of Czarny-Ostrow. His Portrait of Thaddeus Czacki...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1744, in Genoa; died c. 1812.

Painter. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, landscapes with figures.

Baccigaluppo was sent to Rome in 1772 by his guardian Giacomo Gentile. His daughter was reputed to be an accomplished painter.

Genoa (Gal. di Palazzo Reale): ...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 1724, in Paris; died 13 April 1806, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman, writer and administrator. Religious subjects, portraits, animals, still-lifes (including flowers, fruit, game), cats, decorative motifs.

Jean-Jacques Bachelier was a pupil of Jean-Baptiste Pierre. He later became the director of painting at the Manufacture de Sèvres (Sèvres Porcelaine Factory), and founded the École Royale Gratuite de Dessin, an independent school of industrial arts, where he worked very successfully as a painter of flowers and still-lifes. The school, intended for young artisans aspiring to make a living in the applied arts, taught ornamental design, architecture, and the drawing of the human figure, animals and plants. He also tried his hand at biblical subjects. His works include: ...

Article

British, 18th century, male.

Active in London at the end of the 18th century.

Sculptor.

The son of John Bacon the Elder, T. Bacon exhibited three sculptures at the Royal Academy between 1793 and 1795: The Prodigal Son (terracotta), Christ and the Samaritan, and Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1648, in Genoa; died 1726.

Painter. Religious subjects, mythological subjects.

Studied under Maratti in Rome and subsequently painted in the manner of Pietro da Cortona. He spent some eight years in Rome before travelling to Naples and Venice prior to returning to his native Genoa. The majority of his work was destined for churches in or around Genoa. Two large compositions by Badarocco can be seen in the Carthusian church of Polcevara....

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born at the end of the 18th century, in Brunswick; died 7 August 1837, in Madrid.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, portraits.

Active in Rome, Florence and Madrid. His speciality was copying Raphael's canvases. Having been commissioned to paint a large reproduction of one of the master's works for Bremen Cathedral, the unfortunate artist found the task too much for him and, realising he was not up to the job, became so disheartened that he committed suicide....

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1744; died 28 November 1823.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Rovio-born artist known principally for painting a St Sisinus for the main altar of the church of Torre in Mendrisio, and a St Louis of Gonzaga

Article

Flemish School, 17th – 18th century, male.

Baptised 27 May 1644; died c. 1727, in Antwerp.

Painter, draughtsman. Religious subjects, Still-lifes, flowers. Murals.

Pieter de Bailliu the Younger was the son of Pieter de Bailliu the Elder. After spending many years abroad he joined the Guild of St Luke in Antwerp in ...

Article

Flemish School, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 18 December 1631, in Emden (Westphalia); died 17 November 1708, in Amsterdam.

Painter, draughtsman, calligrapher, engraver. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, seascapes, landscapes, winter landscapes.

There is little consensus on the spelling of this artist's name. It has been written variously as Backhuisen, Backhuizen and even Backhysen. Ludolf Bakhuyzen the Elder worked as a calligrapher for a commercial firm in his native town of Emden up to the age of 18. Encouraged by the sale of some drawings he went to Amsterdam and joined the studio of the landscape artist Albert van Everdingen, and later that of Hendrick Dubbels. He soon abandoned landscape painting to concentrate exclusively on seascapes and became a renowned artist during his lifetime. His reputation was such that he was sought by the most powerful monarchs of Europe to teach them art. His distinguished pupils included Tsar Peter the Great, the king of Prussia, the elector of Saxony and probably the grand duke of Tuscany. These rulers commissioned many paintings from Bakhuyzen. Right up to his death the artist demonstrated a forceful determination, even making all his funeral arrangements himself. When he died he left 78 florins to his friends so that they could enjoy a banquet after his death....

Article

French, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1662, in Grand'Combe; died 1748, in Besançon.

Painter.

The son of Blaise Balanche-Richarde, Claude Adrien painted, in collaboration with his father and later his son, Claude-Marie, a large number of religious subjects. His paintings are mostly in the churches at Bonnétage, Grand'Combe, Marchaux and Pirey, all in Doubs....