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Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 1721, in Viterbo; died 1803, in Rome.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative artist. Historical subjects, religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits.

Best known for his Family of Priam with the Body of Hector, Corvi trained under Mancini, and became a professor of painting in Rome. His own pupils included the painters Cades and Camuccini. His ...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Painter, decorative artist. Religious subjects.

Gherardo Costa I was active in Ferrara and generally tended to take on only small commissions. Nevertheless, he is known for a few cassoni (bridal chests) and altar paintings. He had four sons who also became painters....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 18 May 1853, in Pusey; died 25 November 1923, in Paris.

Painter. Historical subjects, scenes with figures, portraits, figures, local figures, landscapes, sporting subjects. Church decoration, theatre decoration.

Gustave Claude Étienne Courtois was a pupil of Gérôme at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He designed large decorations for churches, for the town hall in Neuilly-sur-Seine and for the foyer of the Odéon theatre in Paris, where he depicted the famous figures of ...

Article

French, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 11 April 1661, in Paris; died 7 January 1722, in Paris.

Painter, pastellist, engraver, decorative designer, draughtsman. History painting, religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Antoine Coypel was the most famous artist of the Coypel family, though he was not perhaps the most talented. He was the son of Noël Coypel and assumed his father's role as director of the French academy in Rome in 1672. He began to demonstrate artistic leanings when he was just a boy, and this caught the attention of Bernini, who became his mentor. However, the rapid success he enjoyed as a young man, along with the flattery heaped upon him by self-interested people wishing to curry favour with his father, had a negative effect on his artistic temperament. When he returned to France he found that he already had a reputation in his homeland as a sort of prodigal child. Soon after his return to France in 1681, he was admitted into the Académie: he was just 20 years old at the time. In 1710 he was appointed director of drawings and paintings of the king's Cabinet. In 1714 he was made a director of the Académie. In 1715 he became first painter to the king. And in 1717 he obtained his letters patent of nobility....

Article

German, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born 1472, in Kronach (Bavaria); died 16 October 1553, in Weimar.

Painter, engraver, decorative artist. Mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, religious subjects, portraits.

Danube School (or style of).

Nothing is known of the start of Cranach's career or who his master was. The earliest of his extant paintings date from between 1502 and 1505, by which time he was already 30 years old, and they differ markedly from the rest of his work. Their style suggests that the young Cranach had been heavily influenced by Jan Pollak (or Pollonus) of Cracow, who settled in Munich about 1480. It also seems likely that Cranach went to Vienna about 1502, because his ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 14 January 1920, in Opwijk (Flemish Brabant).

Painter. Figure compositions, religious subjects, local scenes (fairs), scenes with figures. Wall decorations.

Luc Peter Crombé was a pupil at the Institut St-Luc in Ghent and at the college in Antwerp, and studied history of art in Paris. He was a professor at Oostakker ...

Article

Swiss, 16th century, male.

Painter, decorative artist. Religious subjects.

Fribourg School.

Cuneman became a burgher of Fribourg in 1589. He painted a picture of St Nicolas and was a member of the Confraternity of St Luke.

Fribourg: St Nicholas

Article

Portuguese, 18th century, male.

Born at the beginning of the 18th century; died 1760.

Painter, decorative artist. Perspectives, architectural views. Church decoration.

Lourenço da Cunha worked in Rome for a number of years. He returned to Lisbon in 1744 and decorated several of the city's churches....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 26 August 1848, in Paris; died 7 July 1897, in Villerville, in a carriage accident.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, genre scenes, scenes with figures, interiors with figures, landscapes. Wall decorations, church decorations.

Édouard Joseph Dantan was the son of the sculptor Jean Danton, and trained under Pils and Lehmann at the École de Beaux-Arts in Paris between ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 5 February 1910, in Brussels; died 1 May 1985.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer, sculptor. Religious subjects, figures, urban landscapes, still-lifes.

Raymond Dauphin studied law and painted at the same time. In 1936 he decided to devote himself exclusively to painting. In ...

Article

German, 17th century, male.

Active in Hamburg.

Died 24 January 1655.

Painter, decorative designer. Religious subjects, historical subjects. Church decoration.

In 1598 he painted baptismal fonts for a church in Hamburg; he also produced, among other things, The Way of the Cross, ten historical paintings, and two new crucifixes....

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Active also active in Germany.

Born 1635, in Paris; died 14 April 1708, in Lyons.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer. Religious subjects, portraits.

He was living in Lyons in 1662. In 1663, he painted the ceiling of the alcove in Chambéry that was prepared for the marriage of Charles-Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy, and Madeleine-Françoise de Valois. In Anneçy in ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born c. 1509, or 1512, in Modena; died 1571, in Fontainebleau.

Painter, fresco artist, decorative designer, draughtsman. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, landscapes. Murals.

First Fontainebleau School.

Niccolò was both a pupil of and assistant to his father, Giovanni dell'Abbate, and was later tutored by the sculptor Antonio Begarelli. Some biographers idnetify the influence of Correggio in his work, and conclude that he was a follower of the latter artist. Niccolò became a soldier, in keeping with family tradition, but he did not pursue a military career for long; by 1537, he had taken up his brushes once more and was helping Alberto Fontana - his friend from the Begarelli studio - decorate the façade of the slaughterhouse ( ...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1588, in Nancy; died 20 October 1662, in Nancy.

Painter, decorative artist, engraver. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

School of Lorraine.

As the student of Claude Israël Henriot de Chalons, Claude Deruet studied alongside Callot and Bellange. He is known to have travelled to Italy before 1621, and to have worked there at the houses of Tempesta, Stradanus, and possibly for the Chevalier d'Arpin. By 1621, he had returned to Nancy, where he went on to play a prominent role. As a courtier, unlike Jacques Callot, he took the side of the French. He became the favourite painter of Duke Henri II. Under the equal patronage of Louis de Lorraine, prince of Phalsbourg, he was in charge, in 1626, of the paintings in the church of the Carmelites, which have since been destroyed. He was helped in this work by the young painter Claude Gellée, better known thereafter by the name of Claude Lorraine. In 1627, with Callot, he decorated a famous carousel, given to Nancy by Duke Charles III (there is a drawing relating to this at the Louvre). Rich and in possession of a knighthood, Duruet moved to Paris, where he found favour with King Louis XIII, who on 11 July 1634 drew a rough pencil portrait of him. Made a knight of the Order of St Michael, he worked for many important people at court and for Richelieu in particular. It is fairly rare to find pictures of his that have been conserved. However, new discoveries may come to light, as the inventory of his possessions made at his death in 1662 comprises over a thousand works. Despite the taste for large gatherings of people, festivals, masquerades, hunts and celebrations that he may have acquired from the school of engravers in Lorraine, and above all from his friend Callot, it is in his honesty as a painter that his charm ultimately resides. His is not the work of a genius, but he gives the best possible account he can of life in the frivolous society of his time. This worldly and charming chronicler is more or less unique in the 17th century, creating a link between Antoine Caron and the entourage of Pietro Longhi, and paving the way for the mythological portraits of Mignard's era....

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born May 1743, in Auxerre; died 17 March 1804, in Stockholm.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink/wash), engraver (etching), caricaturist, decorative artist, architect. Religious subjects, historical subjects, military subjects, church interiors, architectural interiors, landscapes with figures, landscapes, urban views, harbour scenes, architectural views, costume studies...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 October 1865, in Brussels; died 1959.

Painter, decorative designer, sculptor, architect. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes.

Dierickx was a pupil of Jean Portaels and Joseph Stallaert. In 1887 he won the Godecharle Prize, which enabled him to travel in Italy. He regularly participated in the activities of the ...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 14 February 1575, in Bologna; died 25 April 1655, in Bologna.

Painter, draughtsman (including red chalk/wash), decorative artist. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, landscapes with figures.

Bolognese School.

Donducci's nickname, 'il Mastelletta', is said to refer to his father's trade as a maker of pots and pans (from the Italian ...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 23 March 1862, in Liège; died 18 July 1921, in Brussels.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer, decorative designer. Historical subjects, religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes with figures, landscapes, flowers. Ornaments.

Symbolism.

Auguste Donnay was the son of the sculptor Lambert Donnay and the grandson of a decorative artisan and sculptor. His mother died in childbirth. At a very young age he attended evening classes at the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Liège and taught himself watercolour painting. He began his career as a decorative painter of flowers, ceiling decorations and ballrooms, and also painted portraits of his friends. At the age of 25 he was awarded a travel bursary, which allowed him to spend five months in Paris, where he got to know the Nabis. However, he was particularly attracted to Egyptian statuary, Japanese art and the Italian primitives, before he discovered the work of Puvis de Chavannes. In 1894 he participated in the first Salon de la Libre Esthétique, and in 1896 he took part in the Salon de l'Art Indépendant in Paris. In 1901 he was appointed to teach at the Académie de Liège and gave lessons in ornamental composition. He left Liège in 1905 and went to live in Méry-sur-Ourthe....

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 31 March 1897, in Chératte-lez-Liège; died 2 August 1992, in Herstal.

Painter, engraver (etching), decorative designer. Historical subjects, religious subjects, figures, portraits, local scenes, landscapes, industrial landscapes.

Jean Donnay was the pupil of Auguste Donnay, and was probably also his son. He was also taught by François Maréchal and Adrien de Witte at the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Liège. He became a teacher there in ...

Article

Italian, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born after 1490, in Ferrara; died c. 1548, in Ferrara.

Painter, decorative artist, caricaturist. Religious subjects, landscapes.

Ferrara School.

Battista Dossi was a landscape artist and caricaturist. He was the pupil of Lorenzo Costa, and worked almost exclusively with his brother Giovanni, although they did not get on. Battista had a difficult temperament and was physically deformed, and only communicated with his brother in writing. According to Barruffaldi, they lived in Rome for six years, then in Venice for five years, where they painted from nature, and had the best teachers....