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French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 2 February 1823, in Paris; died 1907, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, designer. Church interiors, landscapes, urban landscapes, architectural views. Stage sets.

Philippe Chaperon was set designer at the Opéra in Paris, producing most of the sets for French subsidised theatres, as well as the main theatres in France and abroad and the Expositions Universelles. He painted watercolours based on nature. He was the father of Eugène and Émile Chaperon, who took over from him....


Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 1578 or 1574, in Barga; died almost certainly in 1644 or 1654.

Painter. Religious subjects.

One of Santo Titi's most talented pupils, he went to Rome in 1620, where two of his brothers (the architects Cristofano and Francesco Carpi) had already settled. Pietro Berrettini da Cortona was among his pupils. He produced some noteworthy paintings for the Church of the Conception in Rome. A painting of the ...



Italian, 13th century, male.

Born between 1240 and 1250, in Florence; died 1302, in Pisa.

Painter, fresco artist, architect. Religious subjects.

Tuscan School, Florentine School.

We can only take Vasari's word for it that Cimabue was born in 1240, but the date seems plausible. He is known to have been in Rome in ...


Italian, 15th century, male.

Born 5 June 1436, in Lucca; died 12 October 1501, in Lucca.

Sculptor, architect. Religious furnishings (altars).

Florentine School.

Matteo Civitali was a pupil of Antonio Rossellino, then worked with his master in Florence. He was responsible for introducing printing to Lucca. His work as an architect includes the Palazzo Pretorio in Lucca: its plans are attributed to him. He was a humanist, and his first works as a sculptor were representations of humanists of his day: ...


Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Born 1525, in Antwerp; died 1589.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, landscapes, urban landscapes, architectural views, seascapes.

Antwerp School.

He was a pupil of his father, Willem, and of Frans Floris. He went to Italy to work from nature, and when he returned to Antwerp in 1551, became a Master of the Guild. He married in Antwerp on 2 July 1555 and had two sons who were both painters, Gillis and Hans. He painted the landscapes of paintings by Frans Floris and by his brother, Marten....


Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Born 1507, in Antwerp, in 1527 according to some sources; died 1557, in 1581 according to some sources.

Draughtsman, engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features. Religious subjects, genre scenes, scenes with figures, rustic scenes, local scenes (kermesses).

Antwerp School.

He was the brother of Hendrick van Cleve III. A pupil of his father, Willem, and Frans Floris, he became a Master of the Antwerp Guild in ...


Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 1583, in Florence; died 1642.

Painter, draughtsman. Religious subjects, architectural views.

Florentine School.

Coccapani initially studied mathematics and literature, but soon abandoned science for painting, becoming a follower of Cigoli. His work is characterised by his master's angular treatment of drapery, and jagged line. Coccapani travelled throughout Italy in ...


Italian, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1603, in Bergamo; died 1672, in Rome, in 1670 according to some sources.

Painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes with figures, architectural views. Murals.

Viviano Codazzi lived in Rome from 1620 with a spell in Naples from 1634 to 1647...


Flemish School, 16th – 17th century, male.

Active also active in Italy.

Born c. 1561, in Antwerp; died 1634, in Brussels.

Painter, architect, writer. Religious subjects.

Antwerp School.

This artist was a pupil of Martin de Vos. He worked in Paris in 1576, in Rome and in Naples with Giovanni Franco, whose daughter he married. He was in Antwerp between ...


French, 19th century, female.

Born 1822, in Paris; died 1899, in Paris.

Painter, miniaturist, watercolourist. Religious subjects, figures.

She was the daughter of Alexandre-Marie Colin and married the painter and architect Gabriel-Auguste Toudouze in 1845.

Lindau, 5 May 1982: Virgin and Child in a Landscape...


Italian, 19th century, male.

Active in Rome.

Painter. Religious subjects, architectural views.

Colli, a pupil of P. Pozzo, painted the high altar of the church of S Pantaleo in Rome and decorated it with scenes which some scholars have attributed to his teacher.


Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1671, in Monteleone; died 1722, in Monteleone.

Painter, architect.

Pupil of Zoda. He was active first in Naples, then in Rome, and painted mainly religious scenes.


Spanish, 20th century, male.

Born 10 April 1890, in Burgos.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Cortes y Echanove was already studying architecture in Madrid while still very young before switching to the city's school of art, where he was the pupil of Manuel Benedito-Vives. Having been awarded an allowance by the city of Burgos between ...


French, 18th century, male.

Born in Normandy; died after 1713.

Painter. Religious subjects, landscapes, architectural views.

This artist, who was a pupil of Francisque Millet, produced several church paintings and decorated a large number of private residences in Rouen. On 29 October 1694, he was accepted as a master of the guild of painters....


French, 20th century, male.

Born 12 March 1907, in St-Rambert-l'Ile-Barbe; died 1991.

Painter, designer. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, urban landscapes, still-lifes.

Lyons School.

Jean Couty studied architecture for eight years at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons and then in Paris, during which time he was also active as a painter....


Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 1575, in Cerano, near Novara (Milan region); died 1633, in Milan.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, architect. Religious subjects, historical subjects, figures. Church decoration, frescoes.

Milanese School.

G.-B. Crespi travelled throughout Italy and studied in Rome and Venice before settling in Milan, where he soon earned the favour and patronage of the reigning duke, 'so that he could preside over Cardinal Federico [Borromeo]'s vast projects, and direct the Academy' (according to Lanzi). In fact, Crespi was befriended by the Cardinal in Rome (Federico was the nephew of St Charles Borromeo), and travelled to Milan with him. It was Borromeo who appointed Crespi to the directorship of the Accademia Ambrosiania, which he had founded in 1620, and who commissioned him to oversee the sculptural decoration of the city's cathedral. Some historians credit Giulio Cesare Procaccini with Crespi's training. Lanzi, however, cites him as a rival who Crespi sought to surpass, but who nonetheless influenced his work. It is generally agreed that during his early travels, Crespi studied the work of Pellegrino Tibaldi, Barocci, Gaudenzio Ferrari and the Late Mannerists. He developed his own artistic personality through a series of commissions for the cathedral in Milan: four large compositions showing ...


Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Born 28 November 1900, in Buenos Aires.

Painter. Figure compositions, religious subjects. Murals.

Cruz graduated in architecture in 1923 and after working as an architect for a year, he enrolled at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. On returning to Argentina, he continued to juggle architecture and painting. He went back to Europe again in ...


Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1750 or 1757, in Verona; died 1823, in Rome.

Engraver (burin).

Aloisio was the elder son of Domenico Cunego. He was active in Italy and Germany, engraving mostly religious subjects and architectural motifs after Italian masters.


Portuguese, 18th century, male.

Born at the beginning of the 18th century; died 1760.

Painter, decorative artist. Perspectives, architectural views. Church decoration.

Lourenço da Cunha worked in Rome for a number of years. He returned to Lisbon in 1744 and decorated several of the city's churches....


Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1530, in Perugia; died 1576, in Perugia.

Painter, sculptor (bronze/marble/cast iron/clay), draughtsman, goldsmith, architect. Religious subjects, historical subjects, mythological subjects. Groups, statues, low reliefs.

Vincenzo Danti was the brother of Girolamo and Egnazio Danti. He worked initially in the goldsmiths' trade, in whose guild he enrolled in ...