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Article

Chinese, 12th century, male.

Active in Yunnan.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Although Zhang Shengwen is known only for a single work, Buddhist Images; this painting is clear testimony of the permanence of orthodox Buddhist iconography, as it has unmistakable ties with the frescoes in the Buddhist caves of Dunhuang, which date from the 8th century. Zhang’s lines are extremely delicate and his light colours have great subtlety, while the perfection of his drawing and the finesse of his heads are clear evidence of considerable technical skill. Yet there is nothing original in him; the main elements of his work come straight from the Buddhist art of Dunhuang....

Article

Chinese, 9th – 10th century, male.

Active c. 890-930.

Born in Jinshui (Sichuan).

Painter.

Zhang Yuan was a famous painter of arhats (Buddhist holy men). The signed work Landscape with Seven Buddhist Patriarchs Accompanied by Servants and Assistants is attributed to him, perhaps correctly.

New York (Metropolitan Mus. of Art): ...

Article

Chinese, 9th century, male.

Active in Chengdu (Sichuan) c. 825-850.

Born in Changan (Xian, Shensi).

Painter.

Zhao Gongyou painted Buddhist and Taoist figures. He initially lived at Chengdu, where he painted murals for a number of temples, later moving to Zhejiang. A fragment from a handscroll in the British Museum, ...

Article

Zhao Ju  

Chinese, 13th century, male.

Active in Ningbo (Zhejiang) in the second half of the 13th century.

Painter.

Zhao Ju painted Buddhist figures. A pair of eight-fold screens, in colour on silk and signed, depicting the Sixteen Lohan, is in the Hokkekyo-ji in Chiba in Japan....

Article

Chinese, 16th – 17th century, male.

Active in Nanjing 1565-1630.

Born in Xiexian (Anhui).

Painter.

Zheng Zhong painted landscapes and Buddhist figures.

London (British Mus.): Sakyamuni (signed and dated 1568)

Taipei (National Palace Mus.): several works

Article

Chinese, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1574, in Jingling (Hubei); died 1624.

Painter. Landscapes.

Zhong Xing, a Chan Buddhist, was a poet and head of the school of poetry in Jingling.

Article

Chinese, 11th century, male.

Born in Kuaiji (Zhejiang); died 1123.

Painter, Chan Buddhist monk. Ink plum blossom.

Zhongren was a Chan Buddhist monk who lived at the Huaguang monastery in Hunan Province. He was a great friend of the painter Huang Tingjian (fl. 1087-1093), who composed poems for his pictures. Zhongren is known above all for his paintings of plum blossom, a genre that flourished at the beginning of the Song dynasty and whose symbolism closely resembles that of bamboo painting. Indeed, he was the first to paint plum blossom in ink washes, a genre that in China would have a great future. This is how the Song dynasty epic Meipu or ...

Article

Chinese, 12th century, male.

Active in Ningbo (Zhejiang) 1160-1180.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Zhou Jichang and Lin Tinggui are known for a series of 100 paintings of the Five Hundred Arhats executed in 1178, of which 82 survive in the Daotoku-ji temple in Kyoto, and 10 in Boston, while two are in private collections....

Article

Zhou XI  

Chinese, 17th century, female.

Active during the second half of the 17th century.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits.

Zhou Xi was the daughter of Zhou Rongqi. She painted Buddhist figures.

Taipei (National Palace Mus.): Ten Portraits of Arhats (album)

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Born 6 February 1730, in Munich; died 14 November 1797, in Ehrenbreitstein.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes, architectural views.

Januarius Zick was the son of Johann Zick, and the father of Conrad Zick. He apprenticed as a fresco artist with his father, although he did not perpetuate the visionary aspect of his father's decorations. He travelled to France in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1881, in Detroit (Michigan); died 1969, in Seattle (Washington).

Painter, engraver (dry-point). Religious subjects, local figures, local scenes, landscapes. Murals.

Eustace Paul Ziegler studied at the Detroit Museum of Art, at Yale University, and with Ida Marie Perrault. In 1909...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 16 March 1804, in Langres (Haute-Marne); died 25 December 1856, in Paris.

Painter (including glass), fresco artist, engraver, lithographer, potter. Religious subjects. Murals.

Ziegler was a pupil of François Joseph Heim and of Ingres. He exhibited his early works in 1828 and 1829. He went to Italy in 1830 and stayed in Venice, following which he went to Munich where he learned fresco painting with Peter von Cornelius. He returned to Paris via Belgium. Ziegler was curator of the Musée de Dijon and director of the École des Beaux-Arts in Dijon....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active moved to USA with his family in 1915.

Born 14 July 1913, in Paris, France; died 6 March 2006, in Salt Lake City.

Painter. Landscapes, nudes, allegorical themes, mythological themes, religious themes, portraits.

Francis Zimbeaux was the son of the painter Frank I.S. Zimbeaux. His family moved to the USA from France in ...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 24 April 1852, in Munich; died 15 November 1901, in Munich.

Painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes, portraits.

Ernst Karl Georg Zimmermann was the son and pupil of Reinhard S. Zimmermann; he then studied with Strähuber, Onschutz and Diez at the Kunstakademie in Munich. He completed his studies with a voyage to Italy and to Belgium. He settled in Munich. He received a second class medal in that city in ...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 1826, in Gornemitz; died 6 February 1887, in Munich.

Engraver. History painting, religious subjects, genre scenes.

Friedrich Wilhelm Zimmermann worked in Paris and Munich.

Article

Austrian, 19th century, male.

Born 1796, in Prague; died 16 August 1857, in Prague.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits, interiors with figures.

Karl Zimmermann was a pupil at the academy in Prague. He painted portraits, as well as altarpieces.

New York, 23 Feb 1989: The Artist's Studio...

Article

Swiss, 18th century, male.

Painter, sculptor. Religious subjects.

Peter Zimmermann was active in Bünden. He executed altars.

Article

Romanian, 20th century, female.

Active in Germany since 1970.

Born 1931, in Sibiu.

Painter, icon painter, ceramicist. Figure compositions, religious subjects, figures, portraits. Murals.

Katharina Zipser started her training in 1950 at the Ion Andreescu Institute of Fine Arts, Cluj, before going on to the Grigorescu Institute of Fine Arts, Bucharest, from which she graduated in ...

Article

Hungarian, 18th century, male.

Active in Eger.

Born c. 1750; died 11 January 1797, in Eger.

Painter.

Johann Zirckler was Johann Lucas Kracker's pupil and assistant. He painted mainly religious works and in particular frescoes.

Article

Austrian, 20th century, female.

Born 1889, in Vienna; died 1927, in the Indies.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects, landscapes, still-lifes.

Katharina Zirner was a pupil of Anton Faistauer and was influenced by Frieda Salvendy.