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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1943, in Aubusson (Creuse).

Painter.

Nouvelle Figuration.

Pol Gachon's painting has evolved in an unadorned, Minimalist manner. It revolves around the world of machines and automation. His pictorial elements include tippers, screws, springs and other mechanical paraphernalia and tools which he paints in an industrial style and places on what appears to be a smooth, tense film floating in abstract space....

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1934, in Montreal; died September 2000.

Painter, engraver.

Minimal Art.

Yves Gaucher gave up painting between 1960 and 1964 in order to concentrate solely on engraving, after training for four years in an engraving studio at the École des Beaux-Arts in Montreal. He used new techniques in relief engraving and achieved textural effects in informal realism. He progressively introduced line as a simple element. Stimulated by reading Albers' ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Sculptor.

Vincent Gontier uses steel and paper to make rigorous sculptural works with minimalist forms. He participated in the 1996 exhibition Colour and Construction ( Couleur et Construction) at the Musée de Grenoble.

Suchère, Éric: ‘Couleur et construction’ in Art Press...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Installation artist.

Conceptual Art.

Jerzy Grzegorsky produces minimalist objects principally of wax. They are connected to culture and its instruments: books, paintings, sculptures. He participated in collective exhibitions, including: regularly in Poland, particularly at the International Artists Museum in Lódz, and in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1929, in Pomona (California).

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Marcia Hafif lived in Italy from 1961 to 1968, before moving to California, then to New York. In 1978 she published Beginning Again, an essay around which a group was formed, holding an exhibition in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1947.

Sculptor, lithographer, installation artist.

Minimal Art.

Maren Hassinger is an adjunct professor at the State University of New York, Stony Brook. She works with wire which she treats as she would textile. Her pieces, which she has described as 'kinetic', seem subjected to the elements and to behave in the way of plants, even set inside a gallery. This is her way of referring to an era when nature was not threatened by human activity and to the rural past of African Americans. She is the author of numerous open-air installations such as ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 1935, in Brünig.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver.

Minimal Art.

Pierre Haubensak lives and works in Zurich and has exhibited there both solo and in retrospectives, including at the Helmhaus Gallery in 1996 and at the Fine Arts Museum in 2002.

Haubenzak's painting exists in and of itself. He paints canvases with stripes of colour which are repeated at fixed intervals. His ...

Article

Canadian First Nations (Blood/Kainai), 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1953, in Kainai Reserve (Alberta).

Sculptor, installation artist, photographer.

Blackfoot artist Faye HeavyShield received her training at the Alberta College of Art and the University of Calgary (BFA 1986). Her eloquently, sparse aesthetics fall within the tropes of Minimalism, but she favours natural and handmade materials over mass-produced ones. These materials imbue her work with a narrative specificity not usually associated with Minimalism. Drawing on her memories of a traditional upbringing on the Kainai reserve and her education at St Mary’s Catholic School, HeavyShield brings together small repeated, often abstracted, forms to create large sculptures and installations that metaphorically reference the body and landscape. The results are enigmatic works that explore issues of memory, identity and the politics of place. The repetitive dynamic of her work gives it a meditative quality and reminds the viewer that strength is found in ritual and community....

Article

Danish, 20th century, male.

Born 1935.

Sculptor.

Heinsen lives and works in Copenhagen. Certain aspects of his work emerged from Conceptual or Minimalist art. In Sculpture 1987 in painted plaster, he assembled fragments of forms side by side, stacking them up until the surface took shape. Thus he was able to emphasise the importance of the space, describing his method as 'creating localised concentrations that perhaps allow a hierarchical space to be imagined next to a liquid space, next to a crystalline space and so on'. He has taken part in many exhibitions in Sweden; Denmark; in Italy at the Venice Biennale in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 5 April 1938, in Worcester, Massachusetts; died 8 February 2014, in New York.

Sculptor, installation artist, filmmaker, photographer. Land Art, Environmental Art, Public Art, Post-Minimalism.

Nancy Holt received a BA in Biology from Tufts University in 1960 and then briefly travelled through Europe, before moving to New York City. There, she met influential Minimalist and Post-Minimalist artists, many of whom would become collaborators, including: Carl Andre, Dan Graham, Eva Hesse, Joan Jonas, Donald Judd, Sol LeWitt, Robert Morris, and Richard Serra. Holt’s early artistic output was primarily photography, video, and Concrete poetry, mediums in which she continued to work throughout her career....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Ethelyn Honig trained at the Art Students League (ASL), New York in 1953. Her works explore the qualities of props, starting with glued paper and paper which has been distorted by glue.

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Installation artist.

Hörl's work has been shown at solo exhibitions, including ones in 1993 in Zurich and Munich. The objects he produces fall somewhere between 'ready-made' and Minimalism. He also works as a photographer.

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1932, in Youngstown (Ohio); died 15 July 1990, in New York.

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Ralph Humphrey received a bursary from the Butler Art Gallery in Youngstown in 1948, and continued to attend the university in 1951-1952. He moved to New York in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1960.

Painter, printmaker.

Minimal Art.

Jacqueline Humphries studied at the Parsons School of Design in New York in 1985, and with the Whitney Museum Independent Study Program in 1986. She lives in New York City, where she creates paintings and prints influenced by American abstract approaches of the 1960s, and by the work of David Salle. Techniques she has used include colour-field, dripping, over-painting, the 'non-relational' and the 'all-over', as when she covers the canvas with different colours which run when the canvas is held vertically. She often works in series, such as her pattern paintings of the early 1990s, which are formed of paint spots and short brushstrokes which spread pattern-like across the painting. In the mid-1990s she engaged in her red 'poured' paintings, and later she created her horizon pictures, which were brilliantly coloured and horizontally oriented. She has since made a series of black paintings, and says that she wants her paintings to be a kind of dramatic physical event in the moment of viewing....

Article

Australian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947, in Melbourne.

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Robert Hunter studied at the Preston Technological College in Melbourne and the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology. He has been influenced by Carl André, Sol Lewitt and Robert Ryman. He paints on canvas, direct on to walls or on plywood. His paintings are monochrome, broken by a few sustained straight, horizontal, vertical and diagonal lines....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1935, in Staten Island (New York).

Painter.

Conceptual Art, Minimal Art.

Robert Huot lives and works in New York. He took part in exhibitions dedicated to Minimal Art, notably Reality Art in Paris in 1968, held at the Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, presented by E.C. Goossen....

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 12 May 1938, in London.

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Paul Huxley trained at Harrow College of Art and the Royal Academy Schools in London, from 1953 to 1960. He lived in New York from 1965 to 1967. He taught at the Royal College of Art from ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1940, in New York.

Painter, draughtsman.

Minimal Art.

Patricia Johanson lives and works in New York, where she also exhibits. In her minimalist paintings, you are expected to take in at a single glance a simple, narrow, thirty-foot (nine metre) long monochrome strip, running across the middle of an otherwise empty unprepared canvas approximately 30 feet x 6ft 6 in (9 metres long x about 2 metres high). In this minimalist project, you should benefit from the perception of the colour of the strip, the length and narrowness, the emptiness of the canvas and its dimensions, under the most favourable conditions, that is to say by being offered the minimum of perceptions within the maximum dimensions. It is a matter of returning to the primary perceptions of three-dimensional language, as a reaction against the degenerations of Lyrical Abstraction. The intention of the Minimalist artists is lofty, even puritanical, but not without historical basis. However bulky their works may be by definition, they appear to arouse only intellectual, very 'sophisticated' enthusiasm. M. Goosen notes that 'Such paintings remind us that painting had reached the ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 1929, in London.

Painter, environmental artist.

Minimal Art.

Peter Joseph is a self-taught painter who worked initially in advertising. Joseph's painting shows the influence of the American Abstract Expressionists - notably Newman, Rothko and Kelly; his work is also comparable in effect to Minimalist art. His canvases play on colour tonalities, and feature a sensitive use of light, sometimes heightened by 'all-over' painting techniques ( ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 23 October 1946, in Paris.

Painter.

Bernard Joubert's work was marked from the outset by a certain amount of minimalism. First, starting from glued geometric strips, he obtained chromatic effects from shaded colours. Then his painting became even more pared down, simply delimiting space from slanting, parallel or perpendicular lines generally drawn diagonally on canvases without frames. He also investigated the line itself and the bracketing of two lines, one black, and the other white, overturning the usual perceptions of straight lines. He has taken part in exhibitions such as: ...