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German, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1500; died before 17 October 1550, in Leipzig.

Painter, engraver (burin/copper). Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, nudes, portraits. Wall decorations.

Nuremberg School.

While his date and place of birth are not known exactly, Georges Pencz is recorded as having taken out Nuremberg citizenship on 8 August 1523, which implies that he had by then reached adulthood. He may or may not have studied under Albrecht Dürer, but the influence of the latter is unmistakable. However, Pencz was one of many assistants to Dürer while the latter was engaged in the decoration of Nuremberg's town hall in 1521 and he was even entrusted with painting compositions that decorate the south wall.It appears that Pencz was either apprenticed to the Beham brothers or in some way associated with them; when the brothers were banished from Nuremberg on account of their alleged 'atheist and anarchist ways', Pencz was banished alongside them. He initially had considerable difficulty finding work on his return to Nuremberg a short time later, and it is reported that he was finally hired by the city of Nuremberg to restore paintings in public buildings. It is not known whether he worked as an engraver prior to 1535, the date that features on one of his plates, but he travelled to Italy several times after 1529, and that he spent time in both Mantua and Venice. Passavant believes that Pencz took courses in engraving at the college of Marc Antonio Raimondi; further, that he is to be credited with the 'disciple of Raimondi' engraving of the ...


French, 16th century, male.

Active in Limoges.

Enameller. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, historical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

Various documents suggest that he was the son of Léonard Penicaud. He served as a co-consul alongside Léonard Limosin in 1571. Jean II Penicaud worked in the style of the Renaissance; he is credited with enamels bearing the monogram P.I. ( ...


Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 15 January 1481, in Ancaiano, near Siena; died 6 January 1536, in Rome.

Painter (including fresco), decorative artist, engraver, draughtsman, architect. Religious subjects.

Nothing is known of Baldassare Peruzzi’s early training, but his prolific career as an architect, painter and draughtsman began in Siena. He is first recorded as painter of the frescoes in the chapel of S Giovanni in Siena Cathedral (...


French, 16th century, male.

Active in Limoges from 1537 to 1559.


A French nobleman who signed his work I.P., he is best remembered for a chalice with representations of the Apostles and the Virgin holding the Body of Christ in her Lap.


Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1495; died 1568, in Louvain.

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), engraver, decorative designer. Religious subjects. Murals.

A painting preserved in Berlin proves that Van Rillaert was active in 1528. In 1547, he was retained as a painter by the city of Louvain. He married Madeleine du Vivier and had one son by her (Jan van Rillaert II). In 1549, he painted the principal decorations for the visit to Louvain of Philippe II and, the following year, he decorated a room in the town hall. Van Rillaert worked in various churches and convents in and around Louvain. His body of work includes a number of paintings preserved in the Louvain church of St Peter, among them: ...


French, 16th century, male.

Active in Nancy 1522-1542.

Born in Lunéville.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects. Wall decorations.

Gabriel Salmon was herald at arms to Duke Antoine and decorated the Franciscan chapel and the chapel of the Château de Gondreville.


German, 15th century, male.

Born c. 1440, in Ulm (Baden-Württemberg); died 1505, in Ulm.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits. Decorative schemes.

Swabian School.

It is thought that Hans Schüchlin studied in Nuremberg and was a pupil, at the same time as Michael Wolgemut, of Hans Pleydenwurff. In 1493 he was head of the painters' guild of Ulm....


Italian, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1496, in Florence; died 1564, in Florence.

Painter, architect, decorative designer, miniaturist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects.

Tommaso di Stefano was the son of Tommaso di Giovanni Lunetti, a painter and architect working in Florence who collaborated with Michelangelo on the sacristy of S Lorenzo, was a friend of Lorenzo di Credi and sometimes associated with Piero di Cosimo. He was taught painting and architecture by his father but also studied under Lorenzo di Credi, whose style he imitated. He is known for a ...


Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1525, in Trentino Alto Adige; died 27 May 1608, in Venice.

Sculptor, medallist, decorative designer. Mythological subjects, religious subjects. Busts.

Venetian School.

Alessandro Vittoria settled in Venice in 1543 and was apprenticed to Jacopo Sansovino. Vittoria's first (unfinished) statue, a ...


Dutch, 16th century, male.

Born 1526, in Leeuwarden; died between 1606 and 1609, in Antwerp.

Painter, architect, draughtsman, engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features, decorative artist, art restorer. Religious subjects, landscapes, architectural views, interiors, church interiors, gardens, decorative motifs (grotesques), models (buildings).

Prague School.

Hans Vredeman de Vries was a pupil of Cornelis Floris (Cornelis Cornelis de Vriendt) and studied painting in Amsterdam. He was a great traveller and went to Mechelen, to Antwerp in 1549 and again in 1562 and from 1575 to 1585 and then to Leipzig. In 1586, he went to Frankfurt and then Brunswick, where he was based until 1596. In 1591 he was in Hamburg. Between 1592 and 1595 he worked in Danzig (now Gdansk) where he designed the fortifications and some ornamental motifs and also decorated the town hall and a number of churches. Next he went to Prague (1596-1598), to the court of Rudolph II, and to Amsterdam and The Hague. He had two sons, Salomon and Paul, who worked with him....


French, 14th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects. Wall decorations, frescoes.

Werlin zum Burne painted frescoes of saints in the church at Guebwiller.