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Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 7 December 1598, in Naples; died 28 November 1680, in Rome.

Sculptor, architect, playwright. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits. Equestrian statues.

The son of the Tuscan sculptor Pietro Bernini, Gianlorenzo Bernini became one of Italy’s greatest architects and sculptors. He spent his early childhood in Naples, then travelled to Rome where he carried out a long and distinguished career, working for a succession of popes and, from 1621, serving as president of the Accademia di San Luca. He is best known for his work at St Peter’s: the design of the piazza’s colonnade, the bronze baldacchino at the crossing, and numerous other sculptures in marble that decorate the basilica’s interior. Bernini also designed several of Rome’s most celebrated fountains and Baroque churches and carved biblical, mythological, and portrait sculptures and funerary monuments for Rome’s wealthiest families. He was one of the most influential architects of 17th-century Rome. His output was so immense that in order to cope with the flood of commissions that came his way, he used numerous sculptors who worked from his designs. These included Stefano Speranza, Andrea Bolgi, Francesco Baratta, Nicolas Sale, Antonio Raggi, Giacomo Fancelli, Ercole Ferrato, Oresto Raggi, Domenico Guidi, Lazzaro Morelli, Duquesnoy, and Giuliano Finelli. Bernini died of a stroke on 28 November 1680 at the age of 92; he is buried in the basilica of S Maria Maggiore in Rome....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 7 October 1797, in Paris; died 14 September 1871, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman. Religious subjects, landscapes, landscapes with figures, architectural views. Stage sets, church decoration.

Barbizon School.

A pupil of Bidauld, Ingres and Girodet-Trioson at the École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, François Bertin exhibited at the salon quite regularly from 1827 to 1853. He was the son of the founder of the ...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Active in Reggio Emilia.

Born c. 1624; died 1666, in Reggio Emilia.

Painter, sculptor, architect. Religious subjects.

Paolo Emilio di Matteo Besenzi studied under Lionello Spada and was a skilled imitator of the work of Francesco Albani. In 1641, Besenzi painted a ...

Article

Belgian, 19th century, male.

Born 08 or 7 April 1809, in Mechelen; died 16 September 1850, in Amsterdam.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes, interiors, architectural views.

Charles van Beveren started his studies at the academy at Mechelen, where he won first prize in ...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 4 October 1604, in Florence; died 1656, in Madrid.

Painter, draughtsman, architect. Religious subjects. Wall decorations.

Baccio del Bianco studied painting under Giovanni Biliverti in Florence from 1612, then architecture under the court architect Giulio Parigi. He was retained around ...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Born 4 November 1608, in Le Mans; died 1671, in Angers.

Sculptor (terracotta), architect. Religious subjects, figures. Statues, groups.

Pierre Biardeau was the son of René II Biardeau. He went to live in Angers in 1638. He was in Luçon in ...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 1728, in Vienna; died after 1778, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman. Architectural views, interiors, church interiors. Wall decorations, church decoration.

Son of Giuseppe Bibiena and grandson of Ferdinando Bibiena, at the age of 20 Carlo Bibiena entered the service of Frederick, Margrave of Bayreuth and worked alongside his father on the construction of the new theatre there. At the invitation of the Elector of Bavaria, he left for Munich in ...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 18 August 1657, in Bologna; died 3 January 1743, in Bologna.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer, architect. Architectural views, church interiors, harbour scenes. Church decoration, stage sets.

Son of Giovanni Maria Galli, Ferdinando Bibiena studied alongside his father under Carlo Cignani and went on to work for the architect Troili (known as Paradosso) and for Mannini and Aldrovandini. His mentor Cignani recommended him to Duke Ranuccio Farnese in Parma, who appointed him first painter and architect to his court. He remained there under the Duke's successor Francesco, dividing the next 24 years of his life between Parma and Piacenza. His work includes the decoration of the Duke of Mirandola's Casino della Motta (in collaboration with his brother Francesco); two chapels in the Jesuit church in Reggio; a chapel in Parma, together with the façade and a chamber in the ducal palace; a chapel in the Palazzo Maggiore; and the Cappella Maggiore in the church of S Sepolcro. In Piacenza, he painted the oratory ceiling in the church of S Vincenzo, scenes for the convent of S Sisto, and cupolas for the Chiesa della Morte....

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 12 December 1659, in Bologna; died 20 January 1739, in Bologna.

Painter, architect. Religious subjects.

Son of Giovanni Maria Bibiena, Francesco Bibiena first studied under Pasinelli, then under Cignani. His artistic career began around 1679. In 1682 he settled in Piacenza, where he painted in the ducal palace. He then moved to Parma, where he worked on the palaces of the Marchese della Rosa and the Marchese di Surania. With his brother Ferdinando, he also worked for the Duke of Mirandola. His work took him to Rome and Mantua (where he was an architect for the Gonzaga family), then to Genoa, Naples and Vienna. In the Austrian capital he was retained by Emperor Joseph I and commissioned to build a theatre....

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 5 January 1696, in Parma; died 1756, in Berlin.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink/wash), decorative designer, architect. Architectural views, interiors. Stage sets, church decoration, theatre decoration.

Second son and pupil of Ferdinando Bibiena, Giuseppe Bibiena accompanied his father to Barcelona and on his appointment to the court of Vienna in ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1896, in Gemona del Friuli; died 1987.

Painter, sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features. Religious subjects, figures.

Bin exhibited busts at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1928.

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 10 May 1814, in Milan; died 10 September 1886, in Milan.

Painter. Church interiors, architectural views, urban landscapes.

Son of the engraver Michele Bisi, Luigi studied under Migliara and Durelli and taught at the academy in Milan. He painted church exteriors and interiors....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 28 December 1891, in Tunis; died 16 February 1965, in Los Angeles.

Painter, pastellist, draughtsman. Religious subjects, genre scenes, street scenes, figures, portraits, architectural interiors, landscapes.

Orientalism.

Bismouth studied under Jules Adler (1865-1952), Auguste Pinchart (1842-1924) and Léon Bellemont in Paris. As a member of the Société des Artistes Français, he exhibited with this group ...

Article

Dutch, 19th century, male.

Born 21 June 1849, in Leeuwarden (Friesland).

Painter. Figures, portraits, church interiors.

Richard Bisschop originally intended to be an architect, and it was only from the age of 24 that he devoted himself entirely to painting on the advice of his uncle, Christoffel Bisschop. He was living at the time in The Hague, where he married Susan Robertson. After his marriage he lived at first in Leur, a village in Brabant, but then returned to The Hague, where he finally settled. He painted portraits and interiors of churches, with figures, on subjects provided by the churches of Rotterdam, Gouda, Maassluis, Breda, Bruges and Noordwijk....

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1614 according to his death certificate, in Paris, in 1617 according to some sources; died 21 June 1689, in the Hôtel de Ville in Lyons.

Painter, draughtsman (including red chalk), engraver, architect, decorative designer. Historical subjects, mythological subjects, religious subjects, portraits, landscapes...

Article

Dutch, 17th century, male.

DiedBuried 6 March 1673 in Middelburg (Zeeland), Netherlands.

Painter, architect. Genre scenes, church interiors, architectural views.

About 1648 Daniel de Blieck entered the guild at Middelburg, for which he decorated the Book of Privileges. He spent four years abroad before 1662. Some sources state that he was Director of the Mint. He painted church interiors....

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Active in Nantes.

Painter, architect. Still-lifes. Church decoration.

Blo worked on the high altar of the church at Vay in 1730, and completed the decoration of the chancel in 1738. He was head of the art school around 1739.

Paris, 29 Sept 1992...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 3 June 1894, in Klagenfurt; died 1966, in Vienna.

Painter, draughtsman. Figure compositions, religious subjects, figures, landscapes, still-lifes.

Herbert Boeckl studied architecture under Adolf Loos at the higher institute of technology in Vienna and taught himself to paint. He was conscripted during World War I. He exhibited mostly in Vienna, but also in Berlin where he lived in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Pouilly-sur-Loire; died 1944, in Fontainebleau.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist. Figures, landscapes, urban landscapes, harbour scenes, church interiors, architectural interiors, still-lifes.

Boitiat was an inspector of primary education. He put on an exhibition at Fontainebleau in 1938. In 1986...

Article

Dutch, 19th century, male.

Born 18 February 1817, in The Hague; died 13 September 1891, in The Hague.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman. Religious subjects, landscapes, architectural views, church interiors.

The Hague School.

Johannes Bosboom would have been one of the leading landscape painters of his time - his sketches and watercolours bear witness to this fact - if he had not preferred to paint churches, taking up in the 19th century the Dutch tradition of the Saenredam School. Religious faith was his inspiration for first-rate paintings. When still very young - at the age of 14 - he began to frequent the studio of the master Bartholomeus Johannes van Hove, who employed him, together with his son Huib van Hove and Sam Verveer, to paint scenery for the Amsterdam Opera. It was there that he developed his marked taste for architectural paintings, although the first work to establish his budding reputation was not of this genre. In 1836, when scarcely 19 years old, he won the gold medal of the Société Félix Méritis for a ...