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Article

French, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 11 April 1661, in Paris; died 7 January 1722, in Paris.

Painter, pastellist, engraver, decorative designer, draughtsman. History painting, religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Antoine Coypel was the most famous artist of the Coypel family, though he was not perhaps the most talented. He was the son of Noël Coypel and assumed his father's role as director of the French academy in Rome in 1672. He began to demonstrate artistic leanings when he was just a boy, and this caught the attention of Bernini, who became his mentor. However, the rapid success he enjoyed as a young man, along with the flattery heaped upon him by self-interested people wishing to curry favour with his father, had a negative effect on his artistic temperament. When he returned to France he found that he already had a reputation in his homeland as a sort of prodigal child. Soon after his return to France in 1681, he was admitted into the Académie: he was just 20 years old at the time. In 1710 he was appointed director of drawings and paintings of the king's Cabinet. In 1714 he was made a director of the Académie. In 1715 he became first painter to the king. And in 1717 he obtained his letters patent of nobility....

Article

German, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born 1472, in Kronach (Bavaria); died 16 October 1553, in Weimar.

Painter, engraver, decorative artist. Mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, religious subjects, portraits.

Danube School (or style of).

Nothing is known of the start of Cranach's career or who his master was. The earliest of his extant paintings date from between 1502 and 1505, by which time he was already 30 years old, and they differ markedly from the rest of his work. Their style suggests that the young Cranach had been heavily influenced by Jan Pollak (or Pollonus) of Cracow, who settled in Munich about 1480. It also seems likely that Cranach went to Vienna about 1502, because his ...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1588, in Nancy; died 20 October 1662, in Nancy.

Painter, decorative artist, engraver. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

School of Lorraine.

As the student of Claude Israël Henriot de Chalons, Claude Deruet studied alongside Callot and Bellange. He is known to have travelled to Italy before 1621, and to have worked there at the houses of Tempesta, Stradanus, and possibly for the Chevalier d'Arpin. By 1621, he had returned to Nancy, where he went on to play a prominent role. As a courtier, unlike Jacques Callot, he took the side of the French. He became the favourite painter of Duke Henri II. Under the equal patronage of Louis de Lorraine, prince of Phalsbourg, he was in charge, in 1626, of the paintings in the church of the Carmelites, which have since been destroyed. He was helped in this work by the young painter Claude Gellée, better known thereafter by the name of Claude Lorraine. In 1627, with Callot, he decorated a famous carousel, given to Nancy by Duke Charles III (there is a drawing relating to this at the Louvre). Rich and in possession of a knighthood, Duruet moved to Paris, where he found favour with King Louis XIII, who on 11 July 1634 drew a rough pencil portrait of him. Made a knight of the Order of St Michael, he worked for many important people at court and for Richelieu in particular. It is fairly rare to find pictures of his that have been conserved. However, new discoveries may come to light, as the inventory of his possessions made at his death in 1662 comprises over a thousand works. Despite the taste for large gatherings of people, festivals, masquerades, hunts and celebrations that he may have acquired from the school of engravers in Lorraine, and above all from his friend Callot, it is in his honesty as a painter that his charm ultimately resides. His is not the work of a genius, but he gives the best possible account he can of life in the frivolous society of his time. This worldly and charming chronicler is more or less unique in the 17th century, creating a link between Antoine Caron and the entourage of Pietro Longhi, and paving the way for the mythological portraits of Mignard's era....

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born May 1743, in Auxerre; died 17 March 1804, in Stockholm.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink/wash), engraver (etching), caricaturist, decorative artist, architect. Religious subjects, historical subjects, military subjects, church interiors, architectural interiors, landscapes with figures, landscapes, urban views, harbour scenes, architectural views, costume studies...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 23 March 1862, in Liège; died 18 July 1921, in Brussels.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer, decorative designer. Historical subjects, religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes with figures, landscapes, flowers. Ornaments.

Symbolism.

Auguste Donnay was the son of the sculptor Lambert Donnay and the grandson of a decorative artisan and sculptor. His mother died in childbirth. At a very young age he attended evening classes at the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Liège and taught himself watercolour painting. He began his career as a decorative painter of flowers, ceiling decorations and ballrooms, and also painted portraits of his friends. At the age of 25 he was awarded a travel bursary, which allowed him to spend five months in Paris, where he got to know the Nabis. However, he was particularly attracted to Egyptian statuary, Japanese art and the Italian primitives, before he discovered the work of Puvis de Chavannes. In 1894 he participated in the first Salon de la Libre Esthétique, and in 1896 he took part in the Salon de l'Art Indépendant in Paris. In 1901 he was appointed to teach at the Académie de Liège and gave lessons in ornamental composition. He left Liège in 1905 and went to live in Méry-sur-Ourthe....

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 31 March 1897, in Chératte-lez-Liège; died 2 August 1992, in Herstal.

Painter, engraver (etching), decorative designer. Historical subjects, religious subjects, figures, portraits, local scenes, landscapes, industrial landscapes.

Jean Donnay was the pupil of Auguste Donnay, and was probably also his son. He was also taught by François Maréchal and Adrien de Witte at the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Liège. He became a teacher there in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1 October 1913, in Paris; died 10 September 1998.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver, designer. Figure compositions, figures, harbour views, still-lifes, flowers. Designs for mosaics, stage sets, church decoration, wall decorations.

Nouvelle Figuration.

André Fougeron came from a family of peasant labourers originally from the Creuse area. In his biography he describes his working life: after completing his basic education he began working as an apprentice draughtsman and then as a metalworker at one of the Renault plants before being made unemployed; he also married and had three children. As an artist he was largely self taught and attended evening classes. In ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1498 or 1510, in Udine; died 1580, in Venice.

Painter, fresco artist, draughtsman (including sanguine/ink), engraver (including etching/burin), decorative designer. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, historical subjects, battles, portraits, figures. Ornaments, designs (majolica), theatre decoration, murals.

Some scholars believe that Giovanni Battista Franco was born in 1498, others in 1510. If he was born in Udine, as the former maintain, it would not exclude him from Venetian citizenship, as Udine had come under Venetian domination in 1445. At a very young age, he travelled to Rome, where he conceived a boundless admiration for Michelangelo, who was then at the height of his powers. According to Vasari, there was not a subject or sketch by Michelangelo that Franco did not religiously draw; and it is said that Giovanni Battista Franco was the best draughtsman of his era....

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 1904, in Granville; died 1986.

Painter, lithographer. Religious subjects. Wall decorations, church decoration.

Simone Froment studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Angers and in Paris. She studied under Maurice Denis and Georges Desvallière, probably at their Atelier d'Art Sacré (sacred art studio) and was awarded the Blumenthal prize in ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in Paris from 1913, naturalised in 1955.

Born 27 November 1886, in Edogama, near Tokyo, baptised in 1959; died 29 January 1968, in Zurich.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink/wash), fresco artist, print artist (including lithography/etching/aquatint), illustrator, decorative artist...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Marcilly-sur-Eure from 1984.

Born 10 March 1946, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), installation artist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, figure compositions, genre scenes, portraits, nudes, landscapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations, stage sets.

Nouvelle Figuration.

Gérard Garouste was mostly self-taught. He went to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris for a brief period in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 8 December 1881, in Paris; died 24 June 1953, in Avignon.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver (including etching), draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes, urban landscapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations.

Groupe de Puteaux, Section d'Or, Abstraction-Création.

Albert Gleizes was apprenticed to his father, an industrial draughtsman, designing fabics. He left for the USA in 1915, returning to France in 1919 after a short stay in Spain and Portugal. In 1927 he created the religious, craft and artistic communities of Moly-Sabata in Sablons (Isère), the principles of which he explained in 1932 in ...

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 1808, in Turin, to an Italian mother and to a French father; died 1889, in Giaveno.

Painter, watercolourist, fresco artist, engraver, illustrator. Religious subjects, genre scenes, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes. Theatre decoration, church decoration.

Gonin illustrated Manzoni's I Promessi Sposi and Carlo Porta's ...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 1606, in Bologna; died 1680, in Rome.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, decorative designer, architect. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, landscapes, landscapes with figures. Murals.

Giovanni Francesco Grimaldi was related to the Carracci family, and received an artistic training at the school of these masters that was as advanced and extensive as this outstanding era could provide. He was later 'prince' of the Accademia di S Luca twice. He was highly respected as a portraitist, was an expert in the art of engraving, and was highly accomplished in the area of decoration, architecture, and in the use of perspective. He was particularly skilful in the practice of ...

Article

Dutch, 17th century, male.

Active also active in Italy and England.

Born 4 November 1592, in Utrecht; died 27 April 1656, in Utrecht.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, decorative artist. Historical subjects, religious subjects, allegorical subjects, figures, portraits, historical portraits, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Church decoration...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 8 April 1880, in Anzin; died 20 September 1947, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman (charcoal), engraver, lithographer, illustrator, designer. Historical subjects, military subjects, religious subjects, sporting subjects, figures, portraits, historical portraits, scenes with figures, local scenes, genre scenes, street scenes, interiors with figures, church interiors, landscapes, waterscapes, seascapes, gardens, panoramas...

Article

Flemish School, 17th century, male.

Born 19 May 1593, in Antwerp; died 18 October 1678, in Antwerp.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman. Historical subjects, religious subjects, mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, genre scenes, portraits, interiors. Wall decorations, designs for tapestries.

Jacob Jordaens was the eldest of the eleven children of Jacques Jordaens, a cloth merchant in Antwerp, with a factory in Mechelen that produced wall hangings in imitation of Cordoban leather. Jacob worked there in close collaboration with his father and may have provided the designs. The relationship between Jacob Jordaens and the various painters who shared his surname living in Antwerp at that period has not been clearly established; it seems likely, however, that he was the nephew of Hans Jordaens the Elder, who was almost certainly the brother of Jacques Jordaens. In 1616 Simon Jordaens, son of Hans the Elder, was a witness at the marriage of Jacob Jordaens; Abraham, Jacob's younger brother, who later took holy orders, is mentioned as a pupil of Hans the Elder.In 1607, Jacob Jordaens was apprenticed to Adam van Noort. It has been claimed that he was a fellow student of Rubens, but this cannot be true since Rubens was admitted as a free master in 1598 and had left for Italy by 9 May 1600. At one time Adam van Noort was a very important figure in the Antwerp art world, having no fewer than 32 pupils. However, it seems that towards the end of his life - perhaps because he was a member of the reformed church and close to many Calvinists - he was shunned by the Spanish aristocracy. According to some biographers he was embroiled in religious and political disputes. In this milieu, Jordaens was able to develop an independent spirit quite different from the temperaments of the other members of his family: Abraham became prior of a monastic order and three of his sisters became nuns.In 1615 Jordaens was admitted to the guild as a free master specialising in distemper-painting, and on 15 May 1616 he married Catarina van Noort, daughter of his former teacher. In order to marry her, Jacob had abandoned a study trip to Italy; she appears to have become his favourite model. The young couple lived with Van Noort and from 1617 onwards Jordaens did a considerable amount of work for churches and, while collaborating with Rubens, also continued to work on his own projects. By 1626 he no longer took students himself but directed those studying under Rubens. In 1632 he accompanied his father-in-law to Holland. It is generally thought that it was during the course of this trip that Jordaens adopted the reformed religion, although no precise date is known. In 1630 the artist had become sufficiently wealthy to buy the Turnhout hall in Antwerp, under demolition at the time, and to have a house built on the site, completed in 1641. He decorated the house with paintings and collected many works by the great artists. Charles I of England commissioned him to decorate the queen's drawing room at Greenwich. Jordaens painted the ceiling, completed in 1641 and was paid 690 pounds sterling. However, political troubles in England prevented the artist from completing the series.In 1644 Rubens, having received a commission from the king of Spain for tapestries for the royal palace, entrusted the execution of the designs to Jordaens. He painted watercolour originals that were then worked up to scale by his pupils. Jordaens appears to have enjoyed a considerable reputation as a watercolourist and received important commissions from abroad, notably from the king of Sweden and Princess Amelia of Orange. For the Swedish king he painted a number of works, ceilings in particular. However, it would seem that more work has been attributed to Jordaens than he actually executed. His undisputed works include ...

Article

German, 15th century, male.

Engraver, painter. Religious subjects. Religious furnishings (altars).

He worked in Bamberg at the end of the 15th century. He was previously presumed to have been the same artist as Lucas Cranach, but today this assumption is contested. He was, however, certainly influenced by the art of Franconia....

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 1815, in Bologna; died 1894.

Engraver, painter, decorative designer. Historical subjects, portraits. Wall decorations, church decoration.

Studied in Florence and later settled in Russia; worked also in churches and palazzi in Bologna.

Bologna (Pinacoteca Nazionale): Portrait of a Young Lady...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 25 January 1657, in Castel del Piano; died 3 July 1736, in Siena.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman (including wash/ink), decorative designer. Religious subjects. Murals.

Giuseppe Nicolo Nasini was the son and pupil of Francesco Nasini. Later, he worked with Ciro Ferri and was employed by the Grand Duke of Tuscany to produce decorative work for the Pitti Palace. He also painted the ceiling of the Bracciana chapel in the church of the SS Apostoli, produced a painting in the basilica of S Giovanni in Laterano in Rome, a ...